Vivardhana: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Vivardhana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vivardhana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vivardhana (विवर्धन).—A King in ancient India. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Stanza 21, that this King was a prominent member of the assembly of Yudhiṣṭhira.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vivardhana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vivardhana (विवर्धन) refers to an “increase (in digestive fire)”, according to the Dattātreyayogaśāstra 67c-d-69a-b:—Accordingly, “When purification of the channels occurs, signs manifest externally on the Yogin’s body. I shall mention all of them; lightness of body, radiance, an increase in digestive fire (jaṭharāgni-vivardhana) and then leanness of the body should certainly arise”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Vivardhana in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Vivardhana (विवर्धन) refers to “that which increases (comfort and welfare)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān taught the great heart-dhāraṇī], “Serpent chiefs, this great heart-dhāraṇī, called Tathāgata Vow Garuḍa Flame, wards off all hostile Nāgas, destroys and keeps back all clouds, thunderbolts, winds and lightning, protects crops, guards flowers, fruits and trees, produces the fruit of immortality, increases (vivardhana) comfort and welfare. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vivardhana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vivardhana (विवर्धन).—

1) Increasing.

2) Increase, augmentation, growth.

3) Enlargement, aggrandisement.

4) Cutting, dividing.

Derivable forms: vivardhanam (विवर्धनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivardhana (विवर्धन) or Vivarddhana.—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Increase. 2. Aggrandizement. 3. Cutting, dividing. E. vi before vṛdh to increase, to cut, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivardhana (विवर्धन).—i. e. vi-vṛdh + ana, I. adj. 1. Growing, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 41. 2. Furthering, increasing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 106; [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 57 (but cf. v. r. Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1217). Ii. n. Increase.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivardhana (विवर्धन).—[feminine] ī (ā) increasing, strengthening, furthering (—°); [neuter] growth, increase, welfare.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vivardhana (विवर्धन):—[=vi-vardhana] [from vi-vardh] 1. vi-vardhana n. (for 2. See under vi-√vṛdh) the act of cutting off, cutting, dividing, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [=vi-vardhana] [from vi-vṛdh] 2. vi-vardhana mf(ī, rarely ā)n. (for 1. See under vi-√vardh) augmenting, increasing, furthering, promoting ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a warrior, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] n. growth, increase, prosperity, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vivardhana (विवर्धन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vivaḍḍhaṇa, Vivaddhaṇa, Vivaddhaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vivardhana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vivardhana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vivardhana (विवर्धन):—(nm) magnification/magnifying; growing; ~[rdhita] magnified; grown.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vivardhana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vivardhana (ವಿವರ್ಧನ):—

1) [noun] a developing or being developed; development.

2) [noun] a kind of disease of the teeth.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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