Viravarman, Vīravarman, Vira-varman: 3 definitions

Introduction

Viravarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (V) next»] — Viravarman in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vīravarman (वीरवर्मन्) is the name of a great-grandfather of Devadāsa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 19. Their story was told by Yaugandharāyaṇa to king Udayana in order to demonstrate that when prosperity is acquired by a king’s own virtues it remains fixed in his family.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vīravarman, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Vīravarman is the name of a king from the Chandela (Chandella) dynasty mentioned in inscriptions from Baṅglā (1281 A.D.). A good many of these inscriptions refer to the death of certain warriors who lost their lives fighting on behalf of the Yajvapāla (Jajapella) king Gopāla against the Chandella monarch Vīravarman whose known dates range between 1261 and 1286 A.D. It is clear that the army of Vīravarman invaded the kingdom of Yajvapāla (Jajapella) Gopāla and succeeded in penetrating as far as the immediate neighbourhood of the latter’s capital Nalapura (Narwar).

The identity of the invading king Vīravarman is made clear by his mention in one record (No. 2) as Chaṃdilla (Chandella), by another (No. 1) referring to his association with Jejāhuti, and by two others (Nos. 8 and 11) describing him as the lord of Jejābhukti and the king of Jejāhuti respectively.  Two of these records (Nos. 1 and 11) further say that Vīravarman was accompanied by four other kings who were no doubt his allies or vassals. But no other details about these rulers are given.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Viravarman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīravarman (वीरवर्मन्):—[=vīra-varman] [from vīra > vīr] m. Name of various men, [Inscriptions]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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