Vartana, Vartanā: 18 definitions


Vartana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vartan.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vartanā (वर्तना) refers to one of the five characteristics of the hand (upahasta) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “the four strokes when the right hand falls first and the left hand afterwards, are called Vartanā, because they occur by turns”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (arts)

Vartanā (वर्तना) refers to one of the qualities of good painting, according to the Citrasūtra, as mentioned by Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—[...] In the Citrasūtra, rekhā, varṇa, vartanā and bhūṣaṇa are mentioned as four qualities of a good painting. A motif of a princess of a Citrapata was popular in medieval literature and also found in the Tilakamañjarī.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vartana (वर्तन) refers to a “spiral”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, [while describing the gross form of Navātman called Śabdarāśinavātman]: “(Navātman) has a big body and burns intensely, illumining the sky with (his) radiant energy. [...] The middle (part of his body) is marked by a deep navel and the lotus of the navel is a clockwise spiral (dakṣa-vartana). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vartana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vartana (वर्तन) refers to the “proceedings (of the universe)” (i.e., “knowing everything that is going on in the universe”), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] This supernormal knowledge [derived] from the five senses consists of his personal experience [as opposed to theoretical knowledge]. By it, the best of Yogins knows of everything that is going on in the universe (viśva-vartana). [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4U: Kāla (Time) Substance

Vartanā (वर्तना, “duration”).—Vartanā is duration for a period, which means existence for certain period of time. The word ‘duration’ is indicative of kāla. Though kāla cannot bestow status of existence on any substance, even then, the period, for which the substance lasts (exists) denotes the total duration of time in which the existence of the substance persists.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Vartanā (वर्तना) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.21.—What is vartanā? Assisting all substances in their continuity of existence through gradual changes without leaving their nature is vartanā.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vartanā.—(SITI), perquisites due to an office; periodical presents to be offered to an officer of rank by his subordinates and the people. Cf. vartanī. Note: vartanā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vartana (वर्तन).—n Behaving. Livelihood. Staying.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vartana (वर्तन).—a. [vṛt-lyu lyuṭ vā]

1) Abiding, living, staying, being &c.

2) Stationary.

-naḥ A dwarf.

-nī 1 A road, way.

2) Living, life.

3) Pounding, grinding.

4) Sending off, despatching.

5) A spindle.

-nam 1 Living, being.

2) Staying, abiding, residing.

3) Action, movement, mode or manner of living; स्मरसि च तदुपान्तेष्वावयो- र्वर्तनानि (smarasi ca tadupānteṣvāvayo- rvartanāni) Uttararāmacarita 1.26; (the word may here mean 'abode or residence', also).

4) Living on, subsisting (at the end of comp.).

5) Livelihood, maintenance, subsistence; तैरेवास्य कलेः कलेवरपुषोव दैनंदिनं वर्तनम् (tairevāsya kaleḥ kalevarapuṣova dainaṃdinaṃ vartanam) Bv.1.13.

6) Turning round, revolving.

7) Rolling on, moving about.

8) Appointing.

9) A means of subsistence, profession, occupation.

1) Conduct, behaviour, proceeding.

11) Wages, salary, hire.

12) Commerce, traffic.

13) A spindle.

14) A globe, ball.

15) Application of; colouring; निहितमलक्तवर्तनाभिताम्रम् (nihitamalaktavartanābhitāmram) Kirātārjunīya 1.42.

16) An oftentold word.

17) Decoction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vartanā (वर्तना).—(-veṇī; for Pali see below), (string of) bead(s). Note that veṇī in Pali, and at least veṇikā in Sanskrit, are used in the fig. sense of line, string; Tibetan on Lalitavistara (both times) renders lan bu (or, bur) blas pa, rendered by Fou- caux le tissu d'une tresse; I cannot find blas pa in Tibetan Dictt., but lan bu does indeed seem to mean braid of hair, the normal Sanskrit meaning of veṇī; it may be that Tibetan mistranslated. Occurs twice in Lalitavistara, in the same comparison: 254.13 (tad yathāpi nāma) vartanyā veṇy (read vartanā- veṇy) unnatāvanatā bhavati samaviṣamā, evaṃ me pṛṣṭhīkaṇṭako…; and 256.1 (tad yathā karkaṭakapār- śukā) vāhanaśālāyāṃ vā gopānāsī pārśve (compare 254.9—11) dvipari-(see this!)vartanā veṇīvat (read as one [compound] word) pṛṣṭhīkaṇṭakaḥ. The Mahāvastu parallels clearly had vaṭṭanāvalī, q.v., in accord with the Pali.The Majjhimanikāya (Pali) i.80.15 (compare also 81.12; 245.30) has: (seyyathā) pi nāma vaṭṭanāvaḷī evam eva ssu me piṭṭhikaṇṭako unnatāvanato hoti; commentary ii.50.5, yathā rajjuyā āvuṇitvā katā vaṭṭanāvaḷī vaṭṭanā- naṃ antarantarā ninnā hoti, vaṭṭanaṭṭhānesu unnatā… See also vartita (°tā…veṇī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartana (वर्तन).—i. e. vṛt + ana, I. adj. Staying. Ii. m. A dwarf. Iii. f. , and n. 1. Staying, abiding, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 17, 2. 2. A road. 3. Grinding. 4. A ball. Iv. n. 1. Turning. 2. A ball of cotton from which the threads are spun. 3. Occupation, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 12. 4. Livelihood, [Hitopadeśa] 114, 2. 5. Appointing, being appointed, [Hitopadeśa] 98, 8. 6. Wages, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 45, M.M. 7. A soldier’s pay, [Hitopadeśa] 98, 10; 99, 18. 8. Colouring, [Kirātārjunīya] 10, 42.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartana (वर्तन).—[adjective] causing to move or live (Viṣṇu). [neuter] turning, rolling, moving on, wandering, roaming; staying, abiding in ([locative]); living on ([instrumental]), support of life, earnings, wages; intercourse or commerce with (saha), proceeding with (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vartana (वर्तन):—[from varta] mfn. (also [from] [Causal]) abiding, staying etc. (= vartiṣṇu), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] setting in motion, quickening, causing to live or be (also applied to Viṣṇu), [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a dwarf, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Vartanā (वर्तना):—[from vartana > varta] f. See under n.

5) Vartana (वर्तन):—[from varta] n. the act of turning or rolling or rolling on or moving forward or about (trans. and intrans.), [Nirukta, by Yāska; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Caraka] etc. (also f(ā). , [Haravijaya])

6) [v.s. ...] n. twisting (a rope), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] staying, abiding in ([locative case]), [Uttararāma-carita]

8) [v.s. ...] living on ([instrumental case]), livelihood, subsistence, occupation, earnings, wages, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Kathāsaritsāgara; Hitopadeśa]

9) [v.s. ...] commerce, intercourse with (saha), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

10) [v.s. ...] proceeding, conduct, behaviour, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) application of [Kirātārjunīya]

12) [v.s. ...] a distaff or spindle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a globe or ball, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] an often told word, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] a place where a horse rolls, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] decoction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) Vārtana (वार्तन):—[from vārtaka] mfn. = vartanīṣu bhavaḥ, [Pāṇini 4-2, 125 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vartana (वर्तन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaṭṭāvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vartana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vartana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vartana (वर्तन) [Also spelled vartan]:—(nm) refraction; turning; (a) revolution, grinding.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vartana (ವರ್ತನ):—

1) [adjective] abiding; staying.

2) [adjective] settled; established.

3) [adjective] turning or rolling.

4) [adjective] appointing, nominating or selecting for a post.

--- OR ---

Vartana (ವರ್ತನ):—

1) [noun] a moving forward.

2) [noun] the way a person behaves or acts; conduct; manners; behaviour; deportment.

3) [noun] righteous, just, upright, virtuous manner.

4) [noun] the quality that makes a thing useful or suitable for a given purpose; advantage; usefulness.

5) [noun] the buying and selling of commodities and services; commerce; trade.

6) [noun] one’s work, occupation or profession.

7) [noun] the act or an instance of recurring; reoccurrence, return, repetition, etc.; recurrence.

8) [noun] the act of rotating or revolving.

9) [noun] the act of appointing a person for some post, office, etc.; appointment.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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