Vartana, Vartanā: 15 definitions
Vartana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Vartan.
Images (photo gallery)
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Vartanā (वर्तना) refers to one of the five characteristics of the hand (upahasta) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “the four strokes when the right hand falls first and the left hand afterwards, are called Vartanā, because they occur by turns”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (arts)
Vartanā (वर्तना) refers to one of the qualities of good painting, according to the Citrasūtra, as mentioned by Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—[...] In the Citrasūtra, rekhā, varṇa, vartanā and bhūṣaṇa are mentioned as four qualities of a good painting. A motif of a princess of a Citrapata was popular in medieval literature and also found in the Tilakamañjarī.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: HereNow4U: Kāla (Time) Substance
Vartanā (वर्तना, “duration”).—Vartanā is duration for a period, which means existence for certain period of time. The word ‘duration’ is indicative of kāla. Though kāla cannot bestow status of existence on any substance, even then, the period, for which the substance lasts (exists) denotes the total duration of time in which the existence of the substance persists.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
Vartanā (वर्तना) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.21.—What is vartanā? Assisting all substances in their continuity of existence through gradual changes without leaving their nature is vartanā.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Vartanā.—(SITI), perquisites due to an office; periodical presents to be offered to an officer of rank by his subordinates and the people. Cf. vartanī. Note: vartanā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
vartana (वर्तन).—n Behaving. Livelihood. Staying.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vartana (वर्तन).—a. [vṛt-lyu lyuṭ vā]
1) Abiding, living, staying, being &c.
-naḥ A dwarf.
-nī 1 A road, way.
2) Living, life.
3) Pounding, grinding.
4) Sending off, despatching.
5) A spindle.
-nam 1 Living, being.
2) Staying, abiding, residing.
3) Action, movement, mode or manner of living; स्मरसि च तदुपान्तेष्वावयो- र्वर्तनानि (smarasi ca tadupānteṣvāvayo- rvartanāni) Uttararāmacarita 1.26; (the word may here mean 'abode or residence', also).
4) Living on, subsisting (at the end of comp.).
5) Livelihood, maintenance, subsistence; तैरेवास्य कलेः कलेवरपुषोव दैनंदिनं वर्तनम् (tairevāsya kaleḥ kalevarapuṣova dainaṃdinaṃ vartanam) Bv.1.13.
6) Turning round, revolving.
7) Rolling on, moving about.
9) A means of subsistence, profession, occupation.
1) Conduct, behaviour, proceeding.
11) Wages, salary, hire.
12) Commerce, traffic.
13) A spindle.
14) A globe, ball.
15) Application of; colouring; निहितमलक्तवर्तनाभिताम्रम् (nihitamalaktavartanābhitāmram) Kirātārjunīya 1.42.
16) An oftentold word.
17) Decoction.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Vartanā (वर्तना).—(-veṇī; for Pali see below), (string of) bead(s). Note that veṇī in Pali, and at least veṇikā in Sanskrit, are used in the fig. sense of line, string; Tibetan on Lalitavistara (both times) renders lan bu (or, bur) blas pa, rendered by Fou- caux le tissu d'une tresse; I cannot find blas pa in Tibetan Dictt., but lan bu does indeed seem to mean braid of hair, the normal Sanskrit meaning of veṇī; it may be that Tibetan mistranslated. Occurs twice in Lalitavistara, in the same comparison: 254.13 (tad yathāpi nāma) vartanyā veṇy (read vartanā- veṇy) unnatāvanatā bhavati samaviṣamā, evaṃ me pṛṣṭhīkaṇṭako…; and 256.1 (tad yathā karkaṭakapār- śukā) vāhanaśālāyāṃ vā gopānāsī pārśve (compare 254.9—11) dvipari-(see this!)vartanā veṇīvat (read as one [compound] word) pṛṣṭhīkaṇṭakaḥ. The Mahāvastu parallels clearly had vaṭṭanāvalī, q.v., in accord with the Pali.The Majjhimanikāya (Pali) i.80.15 (compare also 81.12; 245.30) has: (seyyathā) pi nāma vaṭṭanāvaḷī evam eva ssu me piṭṭhikaṇṭako unnatāvanato hoti; commentary ii.50.5, yathā rajjuyā āvuṇitvā katā vaṭṭanāvaḷī vaṭṭanā- naṃ antarantarā ninnā hoti, vaṭṭanaṭṭhānesu unnatā… See also vartita (°tā…veṇī).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vartana (वर्तन).—i. e. vṛt + ana, I. adj. Staying. Ii. m. A dwarf. Iii. f. nī, and n. 1. Staying, abiding, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 17, 2. 2. A road. 3. Grinding. 4. A ball. Iv. n. 1. Turning. 2. A ball of cotton from which the threads are spun. 3. Occupation, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 12. 4. Livelihood, [Hitopadeśa] 114, 2. 5. Appointing, being appointed, [Hitopadeśa] 98, 8. 6. Wages, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 45, M.M. 7. A soldier’s pay, [Hitopadeśa] 98, 10; 99, 18. 8. Colouring, [Kirātārjunīya] 10, 42.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Vartana (वर्तन).—[adjective] causing to move or live (Viṣṇu). [neuter] turning, rolling, moving on, wandering, roaming; staying, abiding in ([locative]); living on ([instrumental]), support of life, earnings, wages; intercourse or commerce with (saha), proceeding with (—°).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vartana (वर्तन):—[from varta] mfn. (also [from] [Causal]) abiding, staying etc. (= vartiṣṇu), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) [v.s. ...] setting in motion, quickening, causing to live or be (also applied to Viṣṇu), [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
3) [v.s. ...] m. a dwarf, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Vartanā (वर्तना):—[from vartana > varta] f. See under n.
5) Vartana (वर्तन):—[from varta] n. the act of turning or rolling or rolling on or moving forward or about (trans. and intrans.), [Nirukta, by Yāska; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Caraka] etc. (also f(ā). , [Haravijaya])
6) [v.s. ...] n. twisting (a rope), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] staying, abiding in ([locative case]), [Uttararāma-carita]
8) [v.s. ...] living on ([instrumental case]), livelihood, subsistence, occupation, earnings, wages, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Kathāsaritsāgara; Hitopadeśa]
9) [v.s. ...] commerce, intercourse with (saha), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]
10) [v.s. ...] proceeding, conduct, behaviour, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]
11) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) application of [Kirātārjunīya]
12) [v.s. ...] a distaff or spindle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] a globe or ball, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] an often told word, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] a place where a horse rolls, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] decoction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) Vārtana (वार्तन):—[from vārtaka] mfn. = vartanīṣu bhavaḥ, [Pāṇini 4-2, 125 [Scholiast or Commentator]]Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Vartana (वर्तन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaṭṭāvaṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Vartana (वर्तन) [Also spelled vartan]:—(nm) refraction; turning; (a) revolution, grinding.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] abiding; staying.
2) [adjective] settled; established.
3) [adjective] turning or rolling.
4) [adjective] appointing, nominating or selecting for a post.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] a moving forward.
2) [noun] the way a person behaves or acts; conduct; manners; behaviour; deportment.
3) [noun] righteous, just, upright, virtuous manner.
4) [noun] the quality that makes a thing useful or suitable for a given purpose; advantage; usefulness.
5) [noun] the buying and selling of commodities and services; commerce; trade.
6) [noun] one’s work, occupation or profession.
7) [noun] the act or an instance of recurring; reoccurrence, return, repetition, etc.; recurrence.
8) [noun] the act of rotating or revolving.
9) [noun] the act of appointing a person for some post, office, etc.; appointment.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+79): Abhinirvartana, Abhipravartana, Abhivartana, Adhivartana, Angaparivartana, Anivartana, Ankaparivartana, Anukulavartana, Anuparivartana, Anupravartana, Anuvartana, Apavartana, Apratyudavartana, Apravartana, Apunaravartana, Ardhapudgalaparavartana, Ardhapudgalaparivartana, Arthapravartana, Arthavartana, Ativartana.
Full-text (+46): Lokavartana, Vartanaviniyoga, Sagaravarta, Mahavartana, Varshani, Vartishnu, Shirshavartana, Vetana, Parivartana, Vivartananritya, Vartanadana, Nivartanastupa, Upavartana, Adhivartana, Vartanarthin, Vartanata, Rajjuvartana, Prativartana, Pravartana, Vartita.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Vartana, Vartanā, Vārtana, Vartaa; (plurals include: Vartanas, Vartanās, Vārtanas, Vartaas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 5.22 - The functions of time (kāla) < [Chapter 5 - The Non-living Substances]
Verse 5.40 - The extent of the conventional time (vyavahāra-kāla) < [Chapter 5 - The Non-living Substances]
Verse 5.39 - Classification of time as a substance < [Chapter 5 - The Non-living Substances]
Samarangana-sutradhara (Summary) (by D. N. Shukla)
Jain Science and Spirituality (by Medhavi Jain)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 10.19.5 < [Sukta 19]
Rig Veda 10.19.8 < [Sukta 19]
Rig Veda 10.19.4 < [Sukta 19]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 32 - A Gift of Land is the Best < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)