Parivartana: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Parivartana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Parivartana (परिवर्तन) refers to one of the ten practices performed after the removal of the stage curtain, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. Accordingly, “The Walking-round (parivartana) is so styled because in it, the guardian deities of different worlds are praised [by the Director] walking all over [the stage].”.

Performing the parivartana preliminary pleases the Lokapālas. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 5.57-58, “The performance of the Preliminaries which means worshipping (pūjā) the gods (devas), is praised by them (i.e. gods) and is conducive to duty, fame and long life. And this performance whether with or without songs, is meant for pleasing the Daityas and the Dānavas as well as the gods.”

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parivartana in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Parivartana (परिवर्तन).—Reversion in the order of words as found in the recital of the Veda at the time of the recital of जटा, घन (jaṭā, ghana) and other artificial types of recitations.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parivartana in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Parivartana (परिवर्तन, “whirling around”) or Parāvartana.—An auspicious living being becomes eligible to attain the subsidential right faith when half the time of whirling around matter (parivartana) remains. How many types of ‘whirling around matter’ (parivartana) are there and which are they? These are five in number, namely: substance, place, time, state /realm and disposition/ mode. How many subtypes are there of substance parivartana? Karma and nokarma are the two types of substance parivartana.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Parivartana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parivartana (परिवर्तन).—

1) Moving to and fro, turning about, rolling about (as on the lap, bed &c.); महार्हशय्या- परिवर्तनच्युतैः स्वकेशपुष्पैरपि या स्म दूयते (mahārhaśayyā- parivartanacyutaiḥ svakeśapuṣpairapi yā sma dūyate) Ku.5.12; R.9.13; Śi.4.47.

2) Turning round, revolving, whirling round.

3) Revolution, end of a period or time.

4) Change; वेषपरिवर्तनं विधाय (veṣaparivartanaṃ vidhāya) Pt.3.

5) Exchange, barter......परि- हापणमुपभोगः परिवर्तनमपहारश्चेति कोशक्षयः (pari- hāpaṇamupabhogaḥ parivartanamapahāraśceti kośakṣayaḥ) Kau. A.2.7.26. also राजद्रव्याणामन्यद्रव्येणादानं परिवर्तनम् (rājadravyāṇāmanyadravyeṇādānaṃ parivartanam)

6) Inverting.

7) Requital, return.

Derivable forms: parivartanam (परिवर्तनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Parivartana (परिवर्तन).—(nt.? to Sanskrit parivartati; not recorded precisely in this sense), turning-place, place of habitual movement, in golāṅgula-p°, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parivartana (परिवर्तन).—[pari-vartana], i. e. pari-vṛt + ana, I. adj., f. , Causing to turn, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 46, 118. Ii. n. 1. Turning. 2. Moving to and fro, [Pañcatantra] 188, 10. 3. Revolution, the end of a period, Mahābhārata 1, 1254. 4. Exchange, barter, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 12, 50.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parivartana (परिवर्तन).—[feminine] ī = [preceding] [adjective]; [neuter] turning round, revolving; revolution, lapse or end (of time), change, barter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parivartana (परिवर्तन):—[=pari-vartana] [from pari-vṛt] mf(ī)n. causing to turn round

2) [=pari-vartana] [from pari-vṛt] n. turning or whirling round, moving to and fro (trans. and intrans.), [Kāvya literature; Suśruta; Pañcatantra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] rolling about or wallowing on ([compound]), [Kālidāsa]

4) [v.s. ...] revolution, end of a period of time, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] barter, exchange, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra; Mṛcchakaṭikā]

6) [v.s. ...] cutting or clipping the hair, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] protecting, defending, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

8) [v.s. ...] = preraṇa, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

9) [v.s. ...] inverting, taking or putting anything in a wrong direction, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] requital, return, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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