Urdhvajanu, Ūrdhvajānu, Urdhva-janu: 7 definitions

Introduction

Urdhvajanu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Ūrdhvajānu (ऊर्ध्वजानु).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this ūrdhvajānu-karaṇa is as follows, “a Kuñcita foot to be thrown up, and the knee to be held up (lit. stretched) on a level with the chest, and the two hands to be in harmony with the dance.”.

A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

2) Ūrdhvajānu (ऊर्ध्वजानु) refers to a one of the thirty-two cārīs, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The Ūrdhvajānu-cārī is classified as a ākāśikī, or “aerial”, of which there are sixteen in total. The term cārī  refers to a “dance-step” and refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Ūrdhvajānu (ऊर्ध्वजानु).—A type of aerial (ākāśikī) dance-step (cārī);—Instructions: throwing up a Kuñcita foot and its knee brought up to the level of the breast, and the remaining knee without movement, and then this second foot thrown up in the manner of the first, and the first foot kept motionless.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Ūrdhvajānu (ऊर्ध्वजानु) refers to a pose of Śiva depicting another dance sequence of Śivatāṇdava and is found as a sculpture on the first pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Trailokyeśvara.—C. Sivaramamurti in his work on Natarāja in Art, Thought and Literature calls this image as Ūrdhvajānu Tāṇdava and interprets it in the following words: “It is almost a jump up with the right leg bent and the knee raised, as required in the description of the karaṇa. Śiva is in jovial mood. In one of the four arms, the main right arm, there is a snake, which he is offering to Pārvatī jokingly, so that she could adorn herself with the jewel, specially as she is admiring her beauty in a mirror she holds in her hand. A Gaṇa and Gaṇapati, to the right and left of Śiva and Pārvatī respectively, appreciate this joke and witness the scene with chuckle.

What looks like a mouse, the vehicle of Gaṇeśa himself, enjoys the fun and jumps at Pārvatī almost in the vein of the nursery rhyme, ‘the cow jumped over the moon’. It can also be seen that Pārvatī is little scared at a snake being brought so close to her and one cannot but be reminded of the verse, which talks of the incongruity of the fearful snake, the jewel of Śiva, in the vicinity of the delicate princess of the mountain kingdom.”

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Ūrdhvajānu (ऊर्ध्वजानु) refers to a type of Sthānāsana (poses dependent on the sthānaka), as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—One leg is firmly supported on the ground and the other is raised, bent at the knees and supported on a pedestal, or on a higher plane, or on another image. The image of Tripura Samhāra Śiva Mūrti with one leg resting on the ground and the other resting on the top of His chariot and the image or Durgā with one leg resting on the ground and the other placed on the head of Mahiṣ āsura, are good examples of this [Ūrdhvajānu] posture.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Urdhvajanu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ūrdhvajānu (ऊर्ध्वजानु).—a. [ūrdhvamuccaṃ jānu yasya]

1) raising the knees, sitting on the hams; क्षणमयमनुभूय स्वप्नमूर्ध्वज्ञुरेव (kṣaṇamayamanubhūya svapnamūrdhvajñureva) Śi.11.11.

2) long-shanked.

Ūrdhvajānu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ūrdhva and jānu (जानु). See also (synonyms): ūrdhvajña, ūrdhvajñu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ūrdhvajānu (ऊर्ध्वजानु):—[=ūrdhva-jānu] [from ūrdhva] mfn. raising the knees (in sitting), [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] long-shanked, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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