Ajagandha, aka: Aja-gandha, Ajagandhā; 4 Definition(s)
Ajagandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
1) Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.
2) Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)
1) Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा) is a Sanskrit word referring to Cleome gynandra (stinkweed), from the Cleomaceae family. It is also known as Tilaparṇikā, which is identified with the same plant, and of which certain plant parts are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.
According to the Bhāvaprakāśa, Ajagandhā has the following synonyms: Suvarcalā, Sūryabhaktā, Varadā, Badarā, Sūryavarttā and Raviprītā. The Bhāvaprakāśa is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.
According to the Rājanighaṇṭu, Ajagandhā is a synonym for Karṇasphoṭā, referring to the same Cleome gynandra. The Rājanighaṇṭu is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Narahari.
2) Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा) is another name (synonym) for Bastagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Ocimum gratissimum (clove basil), a plant from the Lamiaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा).—An Apsaras.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 8.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा).—[ajasya gandha iva gandho yasyāḥ sā] the shrubby basil, वनयामानी (vanayāmānī).
Ajagandhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aja and gandhā (गन्धा).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 5 books and stories containing Ajagandha, Aja-gandha or Ajagandhā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXXIV - Treatment of an attack by Shita-putana < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
Chapter XXXV - Treatment of an attack by Mukha-mandika < [Canto II - Kaumarabhritya-tantra (pediatrics, gynecology and pregnancy)]
Chapter XXI - Medical Treatment of Ear-disease < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 31 - The account of Śivadūtī < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 33 - Rāma’s Visit to Mārkaṇḍeya’s Hermitage < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)