Ajagandha, Aja-gandha, Ajagandhā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ajagandha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा):—One of the sixty-seven Mahauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs are useful for processing mercury (rasa), such as the alchemical processes known as sūta-bandhana and māraṇa.

2) Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Ajagandha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा) is a Sanskrit word referring to Cleome gynandra (stinkweed), from the Cleomaceae family. It is also known as Tilaparṇikā, which is identified with the same plant, and of which certain plant parts are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa, Ajagandhā has the following synonyms: Suvarcalā, Sūryabhaktā, Varadā, Badarā, Sūryavarttā and Raviprītā. The Bhāvaprakāśa is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant, possibly identified with Gynandropsis gynendra Linn., a synonym of Cleome gynandra or “shona cabbage” from the Cleomaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.177-178 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.

Nīlāmlī is mentioned as having seven synonyms: Vastagandhā, Surapuṣpa, Avigandhikā, Ugragandhā, Brahmagarbhā, Brāhmī and Pūtimayūrikā.

Properties and characteristics: “Ajagandhā is pungent and hot. It quells vāta, gulma (false abdominal lumps due to wind) and other abdominal affections. It controls pain and colic and is used in ear wounds. The yellow variety of Ajagandhā is usefull for eyes as colloriyum [collyrium?]”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ajagandha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा).—An Apsaras.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 8.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ajagandha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा).—[ajasya gandha iva gandho yasyāḥ sā] the shrubby basil, वनयामानी (vanayāmānī).

Ajagandhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aja and gandhā (गन्धा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा).—f. (ndhā) A plant, (Ocymum gratissimnm.) E. aja a goat, and gandha smell; smelling like a goat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा):—[=aja-gandhā] [from aja > aj] f. ‘smelling like a he-goat’, shrubby basil, Ocymum Gratissimum.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा):—[bahuvrihi compound] f.

(-ndhā) The shrubby basil (Ocymum gra-tissimum). E. aja and gandha, ‘smelling like a goat’.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा):—(ndhā) 1. f. A plant (Ocymum gratissimum).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ajagandha (अजगन्ध):—(aja + gandha)

1) m. Bocksgeruch.

2) adj. Bocksgeruch habend.

3) f. gandhā Name verschiedener Pflanzen [Ratnamālā] und [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] [Suśruta 1, 131, 19. 132, 14. 2, 44, 10.] u. s. w.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ajagandhā (अजगन्धा):—f. Ocimum villosum [Rājan 4,180.] Carum Carvi [Ratnamālā. (Roth) 104.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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