Arjaka: 6 definitions


Arjaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Arjaka (अर्जक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum basilicum (Thai basil), a herb from the Lamiaceae (mint/deadnettle) family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known by the names Barbarī in Sanskrit, and Bābul or Bābuyitulasī in Hindi. Other names in English include “sweet basil” or simply “Basil”. The literal translation for the Sanskrit wrod Arjaka is “procuring, acquiring”.

2) Arjaka (अर्जक) is another name (synonym) for Bastagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Ocimum gratissimum (clove basil), a plant from the Lamiaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arjaka (अर्जक).—a S That earns, gains, acquires.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arjaka (अर्जक).—a. [arj-ṇvul] (-rjikā f.) Procuring, acquiring; one who acquires or gets; अर्जको ह्यंशमाहरेत् (arjako hyaṃśamāharet) Smṛti.

-kaḥ Name of several plants सितपर्णास, वर्वरीभेद (sitaparṇāsa, varvarībheda); सामान्यतुलसी (sāmānyatulasī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arjaka (अर्जक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) An acquirer, one who gains or acquires. m.

(-kaḥ) Basil, the white sort, (Ocymum villosum.) E. arja to gain, and vun aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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