Arjaka: 14 definitions


Arjaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Arjaka (अर्जक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum basilicum (Thai basil), a herb from the Lamiaceae (mint/deadnettle) family, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. It is also known by the names Barbarī in Sanskrit, and Bābul or Bābuyitulasī in Hindi. Other names in English include “sweet basil” or simply “Basil”. The literal translation for the Sanskrit wrod Arjaka is “procuring, acquiring”.

2) Arjaka (अर्जक) is another name (synonym) for Bastagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Ocimum gratissimum (clove basil), a plant from the Lamiaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Arjaka (अर्जक) refers to the plant Ocimum gratissimum (also known as Ram-tulsi), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Vāsava [i.e., Śakra or Indra] instructed the Ābhiyogika-gods:

“proclaim aloud to the four classes of gods, ‘If any one thinks anything unfavourable to the Arhat and the Arhat’s mother, his head will split into seven pieces like the clusters of blossoms of the arjaka’.”

Note: The Ocimum gratissimum (arjaka) is the rām-tulsi. Its blossoms grow in clusters, but the number is not always 7. It varies from 6-10.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Arjaka [अर्जक] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Orthosiphon pallidus Royle ex Benth. from the Lamiaceae (Mint) family. For the possible medicinal usage of arjaka, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Arjaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Ocimum americanum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ocimum dichotomum Hochst. ex Benth. (among others).

2) Arjaka is also identified with Ocimum basilicum It has the synonym Plectranthus barrelieri Spreng. (etc.).

3) Arjaka is also identified with Ocimum tenuiflorum It has the synonym Lumnitzera tenuiflora Spreng. (etc.).

4) Arjaka is also identified with Orthosiphon pallidus It has the synonym Ocimum inodorus J. König ex Hook. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum, ed. 4 (1800)
· Les Figures des Plantes et Animaux d'Usage en Medecine (1764)
· Acta Facultatis Rerum Naturalium Universitatis Comenianae, Botanica (1992)
· Cytologia (1981)
· Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany (1962)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1982)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Arjaka, for example side effects, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

arjaka (अर्जक).—a S That earns, gains, acquires.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arjaka (अर्जक).—a. [arj-ṇvul] (-rjikā f.) Procuring, acquiring; one who acquires or gets; अर्जको ह्यंशमाहरेत् (arjako hyaṃśamāharet) Smṛti.

-kaḥ Name of several plants सितपर्णास, वर्वरीभेद (sitaparṇāsa, varvarībheda); सामान्यतुलसी (sāmānyatulasī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arjaka (अर्जक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) An acquirer, one who gains or acquires. m.

(-kaḥ) Basil, the white sort, (Ocymum villosum.) E. arja to gain, and vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arjaka (अर्जक).—[adjective] gaining, acquiring.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arjaka (अर्जक):—[from arj] mfn. procuring, acquiring, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the plant Ocimum Gratissimum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arjaka (अर्जक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Basil; an acquirer.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Arjaka (अर्जक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ajjaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arjaka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Arjaka (ಅರ್ಜಕ):—[noun] a man who earns; an earner.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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