Yavani, Yavanī, Yavānī, Yavāṉi: 14 definitions


Yavani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Yavāni (यवानि) (in its liquid form) is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., apūpa (cake) or pṛthuka (beaten rice)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., liquid yavāni] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Yavānī (यवानी) refers to the medicinal plant Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague Syn. Trachyspermum copticum Link. Syn. Carum copticum Benth. ex Hiern., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the Ayurvedic Formulary of India (as well as the Pharmacopoeia).—Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Yavānī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant plant Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague Syn. Trachyspermum copticum Link. Syn. Carum copticum Benth. ex Hiern. (Yavānī) is known as Dīpyaka according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Yavānī (यवानी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Trachyspermum ammi (Linn.) Sprague” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning yavānī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Yavānī (यवानी) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Trachyspermum ammi Linn. or “ajwain” from the Apiaceae or “celery” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.38-40 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.—Yavānī is commonly known in Hindi as Ajavāyan; in Bengali as Jovān; in Marathi as Vovā; in Gujarati as Ajamo; in Kannada as Oma; in Tamil as Aman; and in Telugu as Vaamū; and in other languages as Jwain.

Yavānī is mentioned as having fourteen synonyms: Dīpyaka, Dīpya, Yāvāsāhva, Yavāgraja, Yavaja, Dīpanīya, Ugragandhā, Vātāri, Bhūkadambaka, Dīpanī, Śūlahantrī, Yavānikā, Ugrā and Tīvragandhā.

Properties and characteristics: “Yavānī is pungent (kaṭu), bitter (tikta) and hot (uṣṇa). It cures vātārśa or vātika variety of piles and vitiated kapha. It also quells colics, tympanitis, worms and vomitting. It is a good stimlator of digestive process”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of yavani in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Yavani [यवानी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague from the Apiaceae (Carrot) family having the following synonyms: Carum copticum, Trachyspermum copticum, Carum ajowan. For the possible medicinal usage of yavani, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Yavani in India is the name of a plant defined with Artemisia maritima in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Seriphidium maritimum (L.) Poljakov (among others).

2) Yavani is also identified with Carum copticum It has the synonym Carum copticum (L.) C.B. Clarke (etc.).

3) Yavani is also identified with Hyoscyamus niger It has the synonym Hyoscyamus agrestis Kit. (etc.).

4) Yavani is also identified with Trachyspermum ammi It has the synonym Carum copticum (L.) C.B. Clarke (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bocconea, Monographiae Herbarii Mediterranei Panormitani (1991)
· Flora of Tropical Africa (1877)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (1785)
· Nucleus (1987)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2000)
· Flora Rossica (1833)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Yavani, for example side effects, health benefits, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of yavani in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yavanī (यवनी).—a Relating to a yavana.

--- OR ---

yāvanī (यावनी).—a (S) Relating to a yavana.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of yavani in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yavanī (यवनी).—

1) A Yavana female, a Greek or Mahomedan woman; यवनी नवनीतकोमलाङ्गी (yavanī navanītakomalāṅgī) Jag; यवनीमुख- पद्मानां सेहे मधुमदं न सः (yavanīmukha- padmānāṃ sehe madhumadaṃ na saḥ) R.4.61; (from dramas it appears that Yavana girls were formerly employed as attendants on kings particularly to be in charge of their bows and quivers; cf. eṣa bāṇāsanahastābhiryavanībhiḥ parivṛta ita evāgacchati priyavayasyaḥ Ś.2; praviśya śārṅgahastā yavanī Ś.6; praviśya cāpahastā yavanī V.5. &c.).

2) A curtain; काञ्चुकीयो यवनिकास्तरणं करोति (kāñcukīyo yavanikāstaraṇaṃ karoti) Pratimā 2; cf. जवनिका (javanikā).

3) A veil; पश्यामस्तावद् रूपसादृश्यम् । संक्षिप्यतां यवनिका (paśyāmastāvad rūpasādṛśyam | saṃkṣipyatāṃ yavanikā).

See also (synonyms): yavanikā.

--- OR ---

Yavānī (यवानी).—

1) A kind of bad barley; (duṣṭo yavo yavānī).

2) See यवनिका (yavanikā).

3) Ptychotic Ajowan (Mar. oṃvā); यवानी पाचनी रुच्या तीक्ष्णोग्रा कटुका लघुः (yavānī pācanī rucyā tīkṣṇogrā kaṭukā laghuḥ) Bhāva P.

See also (synonyms): yavānikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Yāvanī (यावनी).—[, Senart's em. for yonārī, read instead yo- nānī, q.v.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yavānī (यवानी):—[from yava] f. Ptychotis Ajowan, [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of bad barley, [Pāṇini 4-1, 49 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) Yavanī (यवनी):—[from yavana] f. the wife of a Yavana, a Greek or Muhammadan woman, [Kālidāsa; Śiśupāla-vadha] (Yavana girls were formerly employed as attendants on kings, [especially] to take charge of their bows and quivers)

4) [v.s. ...] = javanī, a curtain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yavanī (यवनी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Javaṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yavani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of yavani in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yavani (ಯವನಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಯವನಾನಿ - [yavanani -] 2 & 3.

2) [noun] a screen; a curtain; a veil.

--- OR ---

Yavāni (ಯವಾನಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಯವನಾನಿ - [yavanani -] 2 & 3.

2) [noun] the plant Trachyspermum ammi ( = Carum copiticum) of Apiaceae family; bhishop’s weed.

3) [noun] its seed.

--- OR ---

Yāvani (ಯಾವನಿ):—[adjective] of or belonging to a foreign country, esp. to Greece, Turky.

--- OR ---

Yāvani (ಯಾವನಿ):—

1) [noun] the script of any foreign language.

2) [noun] any foreign language.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of yavani in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: