Yavani, Yavanī, Yavānī: 9 definitions



Yavani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Yavāni (यवानि) (in its liquid form) is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., apūpa (cake) or pṛthuka (beaten rice)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., liquid yavāni] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Yavānī (यवानी) refers to the medicinal plant Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague Syn. Trachyspermum copticum Link. Syn. Carum copticum Benth. ex Hiern., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the Ayurvedic Formulary of India (as well as the Pharmacopoeia).—Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Yavānī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant plant Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague Syn. Trachyspermum copticum Link. Syn. Carum copticum Benth. ex Hiern. (Yavānī) is known as Dīpyaka according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Yavānī (यवानी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Trachyspermum ammi (Linn.) Sprague” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning yavānī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of yavani in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yavanī (यवनी).—a Relating to a yavana.

--- OR ---

yāvanī (यावनी).—a (S) Relating to a yavana.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of yavani in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yavanī (यवनी).—

1) A Yavana female, a Greek or Mahomedan woman; यवनी नवनीतकोमलाङ्गी (yavanī navanītakomalāṅgī) Jag; यवनीमुख- पद्मानां सेहे मधुमदं न सः (yavanīmukha- padmānāṃ sehe madhumadaṃ na saḥ) R.4.61; (from dramas it appears that Yavana girls were formerly employed as attendants on kings particularly to be in charge of their bows and quivers; cf. eṣa bāṇāsanahastābhiryavanībhiḥ parivṛta ita evāgacchati priyavayasyaḥ Ś.2; praviśya śārṅgahastā yavanī Ś.6; praviśya cāpahastā yavanī V.5. &c.).

2) A curtain; काञ्चुकीयो यवनिकास्तरणं करोति (kāñcukīyo yavanikāstaraṇaṃ karoti) Pratimā 2; cf. जवनिका (javanikā).

3) A veil; पश्यामस्तावद् रूपसादृश्यम् । संक्षिप्यतां यवनिका (paśyāmastāvad rūpasādṛśyam | saṃkṣipyatāṃ yavanikā).

See also (synonyms): yavanikā.

--- OR ---

Yavānī (यवानी).—

1) A kind of bad barley; (duṣṭo yavo yavānī).

2) See यवनिका (yavanikā).

3) Ptychotic Ajowan (Mar. oṃvā); यवानी पाचनी रुच्या तीक्ष्णोग्रा कटुका लघुः (yavānī pācanī rucyā tīkṣṇogrā kaṭukā laghuḥ) Bhāva P.

See also (synonyms): yavānikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Yāvanī (यावनी).—[, Senart's em. for yonārī, read instead yo- nānī, q.v.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yavānī (यवानी):—[from yava] f. Ptychotis Ajowan, [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of bad barley, [Pāṇini 4-1, 49 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) Yavanī (यवनी):—[from yavana] f. the wife of a Yavana, a Greek or Muhammadan woman, [Kālidāsa; Śiśupāla-vadha] (Yavana girls were formerly employed as attendants on kings, [especially] to take charge of their bows and quivers)

4) [v.s. ...] = javanī, a curtain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Yavanī (यवनी):—1. s. u. 1. yavana 1).

--- OR ---

Yavanī (यवनी):—2. f. = javanī Vorhang [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 680] (falschlich yamanī).

--- OR ---

Yavānī (यवानी):—(von 1. yava) f. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 49.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 4, 26.] Ptychotis Ajowan Dec. [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 1, 11.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 110.] [Suśruta 2, 50, 2. 222, 12. 410, 8. 453, 12. 459, 13.] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 2, 6, 42.] [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 946, 1 v. u.] = duṣṭo yavaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher, Scholiast] — Vgl. yamānī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Yavanī (यवनी):—1. f. s.u. 1. yavana.

--- OR ---

Yavanī (यवनी):—2. f. = yavanikā Vorhang.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of yavani in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: