Hingu, Hiṅgu, Hiṅgū: 9 definitions

Introduction

Hingu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) refers to Ferula assa-foetida (asafoetida), which is a soft lumpy resin, obtained from the stem of several plant species of the Ferula genus. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. More technically, it is a fluid or resinous substance prepared from the roots of the Asafoetida and it is used as a medicine or for seasoning. Medicinal applications includes reducing flatulence, the use of a digestion aid, fighting influenza and as a remedy for asthma.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.72-75), asafoetida (hiṅgu) has 15 synonyms: Ugragandha, Bhūtāri, Vālhīka, Jantunāśana, Śūlaghna, Gulmaghna, Rakṣoghna, Ugravīrya, Rāmaṭha, Agūḍhagandha, Jaraṇa, Bhedana, Sūpadhūpana, Dīpta and Sahasravedhi.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu: Hiṅgu is cardiotonic, pungent, hot, anti-vāta and anthelmintic. It cures colics and gulma i.e., false abdominal lumps due to wind, tympanits and constipation. It is considered good for eyes.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—Hiṅgu is pungent and hot. It increases pitta and pacifies kapha and vāta and promotes digestive fire. It is useful in the disorders of kapha and vāta, abdominal pain, flatulence and loss of appetite.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) refers to a type of spices according to Gautama-Dharmasūtra XVII.32-33, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Spices referred to in Vedic literature are haridrā and pippalī. Dharmasūtra literature mentions other spices such as marica and hiṅgu.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hiṅgu : (nt.) the exudation of asafoetida plant.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hiṅgu, (nt.) (Sk. hiṅgu) the plant asafetida Vin.I, 201; VvA.186.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hiṅgu (हिंगु).—m S A plant, Ferula assafœtida. 2 Assafœtida.

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hiṅgū (हिंगू) [or हिंगो दाखविणें, hiṅgō dākhaviṇēṃ].—A filthy phrase. To bob, fob &c.; to chouse or do out of and grin at.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hiṅgu (हिंगु).—m Asafætida.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु).—mn. (-ṅguḥ-ṅgu) Asafœtida, (the gum and plant respectively.) E. hi to go, deriv. irr., or hima frost, gam to go, ḍu aff., form irr.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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