Hingu, Hiṅgu, Hiṅgū, Himgu: 27 definitions


Hingu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) refers to a type of spices according to Gautama-Dharmasūtra XVII.32-33, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Spices referred to in Vedic literature are haridrā and pippalī. Dharmasūtra literature mentions other spices such as marica and hiṅgu.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) refers to a medicinal plant known as Ferula narthex, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs (viz., Hiṅgu). It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Ferula asafetida Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning hiṅgu] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) refers to the medicinal plant Ferula foetida Regel. Syn. Ferula asafoetida L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Hiṅgu] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) refers to “asafoetida” and is used in the protection rites of Horses (Aśvarakṣaṇa), according to Āyurveda sections in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—For the Rakṣa (protection) Revanta-pūjā, (worship of God Revanta) homa (sacrificial offerings) and dvija-bhojana (feeding of Brahmins) should be performed in favor of the horse. And a compound made up of following drugs should be tied round the neck of the horse [e.g., hiṅgu (asafoetida)] [...].

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) (identified with Ferula asafoetida) is used by certain bio-organical recipes for plant mutagenesis, according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “A stick of the Ferula asafoetida [e.g., Hiṅgu-Vartikā] kept at the root of the Musa paradisiaca tree destroys it; the trees of Benincasa hispida, Cucumis melo var. utilissiumus and the like perish if profusely smoked with the bones of crabs”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) refers to Ferula assa-foetida (asafoetida), which is a soft lumpy resin, obtained from the stem of several plant species of the Ferula genus. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. More technically, it is a fluid or resinous substance prepared from the roots of the Asafoetida and it is used as a medicine or for seasoning. Medicinal applications includes reducing flatulence, the use of a digestion aid, fighting influenza and as a remedy for asthma.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.72-75), asafoetida (hiṅgu) has 15 synonyms: Ugragandha, Bhūtāri, Vālhīka, Jantunāśana, Śūlaghna, Gulmaghna, Rakṣoghna, Ugravīrya, Rāmaṭha, Agūḍhagandha, Jaraṇa, Bhedana, Sūpadhūpana, Dīpta and Sahasravedhi.

Properties according to the Rājanighaṇṭu: Hiṅgu is cardiotonic, pungent, hot, anti-vāta and anthelmintic. It cures colics and gulma i.e., false abdominal lumps due to wind, tympanits and constipation. It is considered good for eyes.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—Hiṅgu is pungent and hot. It increases pitta and pacifies kapha and vāta and promotes digestive fire. It is useful in the disorders of kapha and vāta, abdominal pain, flatulence and loss of appetite.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) refers to Ferula narthex, and is recommended to cure diseases caused due to poison and its complications, according to the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 8) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs (viz., hiṅgu) during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) refers to “asafoetida”, and is employed in the treatment of poison (viṣa), such as that resulting from rājila (krait snake-bites) and rājilaviṣa, according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—Chapter four explains rājilaviṣa (krait family) treatment. Vegānusāra-cikitsā (stage wise treatment), symptoms and treatment of 13 types of rājila snakes are mentioned. [...] In excessive phlegm production, juice of Arka (Calotropis gigantea) leaf mixed with Hiṅgu (asafoetida) is recommended to be given internally. [...]

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Hingu in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Ferula jaeschkeana Vatke from the Apiaceae (Carrot) family having the following synonyms: Peucedanum jaeschkeanum, Ferula jaeschkeana var. parkeriana. For the possible medicinal usage of hingu, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Hingu [ಹಿಂಗು] in the Kannada language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Hingu in India is the name of a plant defined with Azadirachta indica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Melia indica Brandis (among others).

2) Hingu is also identified with Ferula foetida It has the synonym Scorodosma foetidum Bunge (etc.).

3) Hingu is also identified with Gardenia resinifera It has the synonym Gardenia lucida Roxb. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. (1830)
· Botaničeskij Žurnal
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1987)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1995)
· Ned. Kruidk. Arch. (1851)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2007)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Hingu, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hiṅgu : (nt.) the exudation of asafoetida plant.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hiṅgu, (nt.) (Sk. hiṅgu) the plant asafetida Vin.I, 201; VvA.186.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hiṅgu (हिंगु).—m S A plant, Ferula assafœtida. 2 Assafœtida.

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hiṅgū (हिंगू) [or हिंगो दाखविणें, hiṅgō dākhaviṇēṃ].—A filthy phrase. To bob, fob &c.; to chouse or do out of and grin at.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hiṅgu (हिंगु).—m Asafætida.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु).—mn. (-ṅguḥ-ṅgu) Asafœtida, (the gum and plant respectively.) E. hi to go, deriv. irr., or hima frost, gam to go, ḍu aff., form irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु).—m. Assafœtida

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु).—[masculine] the plant Asa Fetida, [neuter] its resin or juice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु):—m. Ferula Asa Foetida, [Buddhist literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) n. a fluid or resinous substance prepared from the roots of the Asa Foitida (used as a medicine or for seasoning), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Suśruta etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु):—[(ṅguḥ-ṅgu)] 2. m. n. Asafoetida.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hiṅgu (हिङ्गु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Hiṃgu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hingu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hingu in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) asafoetida—a tree or the poignant-smelling ooze from its root..—hingu (हिंगु) is alternatively transliterated as Hiṃgu.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Hiṃgu (हिंगु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Hiṅgu.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hiṃgu (ಹಿಂಗು):—

1) [verb] to go back; to return; to retreat.

2) [verb] to be reduced; to be lessened.

3) [verb] to come or fall down (as caused by the weight above); to collapse.

4) [verb] to depart from; to go away (from); to leave.

5) [verb] to cease to be seen; to go out of sight; to disappear.

6) [verb] to give up (for ever); to abandon.

7) [verb] (an evil, undesirable thing) to be removed, prevented, warded off; to be freed from.

8) [verb] to be left out or back; to remain (without being taken away).

9) [verb] to be overtaken by; to remain in or to go back to a lower or previous stage or position.

10) [verb] to shrink (oneself) as from shame, modesty, embarrassment.

11) [verb] to elapse (as time); to be spent.

12) [verb] to pay or pay back.

13) [verb] to remove, prevent or ward off (an evil, difficulty).

14) [verb] to be spoiled, destroyed.

15) [verb] to become useless, fruitless.

16) [verb] to cease to live; to die.

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Hiṃgu (ಹಿಂಗು):—

1) [noun] the plant Ferula assafoetida of Apiaceae family.

2) [noun] the bad-smelling gum resin obtained from this plant, used in seasoning food; asafoetida.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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