Udaka: 12 definitions

Introduction

Udaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Udaka (उदक).—The son of Araṇya and brother of Vāruṇī; attained Varuṇahood.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 104.

1b) A measure of seven prasthas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 215.

1c) A sage insulted by Asura Dundhu whom Kuvalayāśva killed.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 40.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Uraga.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N (Water).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Udaka (उदक) is the name of a class of rākṣasas according to the Digambara while the Śvetāmbara tradition does not recognize this class. The rākṣasas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The rākṣasas are black and their caitya-vṛkṣas (sacred-tree) is Kaṇṭaka according to the Digambara They are white and have a fierce appearance according to Śvetāmbara.

The deities such as the Udakas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

udaka : (nt.) water.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Udaka, (nt.) (Vedic udaka, uda + ka (see uda2), of Idg. *ǔed, *ud, fuller form *eǔed (as in Sk. odatī, odman flood, odana gruel, q. v.); cp. Sk. unatti, undati to water, udra = Av. udra = Ags. otor = E. otter (“water-animal”); Gr. u(/dwr water (“hydro”), u(/dra hydra (“water-animal”); Lat. unda wave; Goth. watō = Ohg. wazzar = E. water; Obulg. voda water, vydra otter) water Vin. II, 120, 213; D. II, 15 (°assa dhārā gushes or showers of w.); Dh. 80, 145; J. I, 212; Pv. I, 57; Pug. 31, 32; Miln. 318; VvA. 20 (udake temanaṃ aggimhe tāpanaṃ); DhA. I, 289; DhA. III, 176, 256; PvA. 39, 70.—Syn. ambu, ela, jala etc. ‹-› The compn. form (-°) is either ûdaka (āsanûdaka-dāyin J. IV, 435) or °odaka (pādodaka water for the feet PvA. 78). odaka occurs also in abs. form (q. v.), cp. also oka. Bdgh. ’s kaṃ = udakaṃ, tena dāritan: kandaran ti is a false etymology; DA. I, 209.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udaka (उदक).—n (S) Water. u0 yēṇēṃ (nayanānta-ḍōḷyānta-nētrānta &c.) To have tears coming into the eyes. Ex. darbhanirmita tayā śayanātēṃ dēkhatāṃ u0 yē nayanātēṃ || u0 sōḍaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ with acc. of o. To abandon, quit, relinquish (a thing, practice, matter). u0 hātāvara ghālaṇēṃ To relinquish one's right unto. udakāpāṇyānēṃ karuna ṭākaṇēṃ To perform or celebrate with but slight expense or pomp (funeral rites, a marriage &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udaka (उदक).—n Water. udaka sōḍaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ Abandon (a thing &c.).

--- OR ---

udaka (उदक).—m Rising; rising into eminence; emersion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udaka (उदक).—[und-ṇvul ni °nalopaśca Uṇ.2.39] Water; अनीत्वा पङ्कतां धूलिमुदकं नावतिष्ठते (anītvā paṅkatāṃ dhūlimudakaṃ nāvatiṣṭhate) Śi.2.34. उदकं दा (udakaṃ dā), [-प्रदा (pradā) or kṛ] To offer a libation of water to a dead person; इत्येवमुक्तो मारीचः कृत्वोदकमथात्मनः (ityevamukto mārīcaḥ kṛtvodakamathātmanaḥ) Mb.3.278.14. उदकं उपस्पृश् (udakaṃ upaspṛś) to touch certain parts of the body with water, bathe; [cf. Gr. hudor; L. unda 'a wave'].

 

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Udaka (उदक).—[, see Uddaka.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaka (उदक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Water. E. und to wet, deriv. irr.; this is sometimes considered as two words, uda and ka, each having the same meaning.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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