Udaka; 11 Definition(s)


Udaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1a) Udaka (उदक).—The son of Araṇya and brother of Vāruṇī; attained Varuṇahood.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 104.

1b) A measure of seven prasthas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 215.

1c) A sage insulted by Asura Dundhu whom Kuvalayāśva killed.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 40.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

See Uraga.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

N (Water).

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Udaka (उदक) is the name of a class of rākṣasas according to the Digambara while the Śvetāmbara tradition does not recognize this class. The rākṣasas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The rākṣasas are black and their caitya-vṛkṣas (sacred-tree) is Kaṇṭaka according to the Digambara They are white and have a fierce appearance according to Śvetāmbara.

The deities such as the Udakas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Udaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

udaka : (nt.) water.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Udaka, (nt.) (Vedic udaka, uda + ka (see uda2), of Idg. *ǔed, *ud, fuller form *eǔed (as in Sk. odatī, odman flood, odana gruel, q. v.); cp. Sk. unatti, undati to water, udra = Av. udra = Ags. otor = E. otter (“water-animal”); Gr. u(/dwr water (“hydro”), u(/dra hydra (“water-animal”); Lat. unda wave; Goth. watō = Ohg. wazzar = E. water; Obulg. voda water, vydra otter) water Vin. II, 120, 213; D. II, 15 (°assa dhārā gushes or showers of w.); Dh. 80, 145; J. I, 212; Pv. I, 57; Pug. 31, 32; Miln. 318; VvA. 20 (udake temanaṃ aggimhe tāpanaṃ); DhA. I, 289; DhA. III, 176, 256; PvA. 39, 70.—Syn. ambu, ela, jala etc. ‹-› The compn. form (-°) is either ûdaka (āsanûdaka-dāyin J. IV, 435) or °odaka (pādodaka water for the feet PvA. 78). odaka occurs also in abs. form (q. v.), cp. also oka. Bdgh. ’s kaṃ = udakaṃ, tena dāritan: kandaran ti is a false etymology; DA. I, 209.

—aṇṇava water-flood M. I, 134. —āyatika a water-pipe Vin. II, 123. —āḷhaka a certain measure of water, an āḷhaka of w. S. V, 400; A. II, 55 = III, 337; VvA. 155. —ûpama resembling water, like water A. IV, 11 (puggala). —ogāhana plunging into water J. III, 235. —ogha a water flood VvA. 48. —orohaka descending into water, bathing; N. of a class of ascetics, lit. “bather” M. I, 281; S. IV, 312; A. V, 263. —orohaṇa plunging into water, taking a bath, bathing D. I, 167; S. I, 182; A. I, 296; II, 206; J. IV, 299; Pug. 55. —kalaha the “water dispute” DhA. III, 256. —kāka a water crow J. II, 441. —kicca libation of water, lit. water-performance; cleansing, washing D. II, 15. —kīḷā sporting in the w. J. VI, 420. —gahaṇasāṭaka bathing-gown J. V, 477. —ghaṭa a water pitcher PvA. 66. —cāṭi a water jar DhA. I, 52. —ṭṭhāna a stand for water Vin. II, 120. —tumba a water vessel J. II, 441; DA. I, 202; DhA. II, 193. —telaka an oily preparation mixed with water Vin. II, 107. —dantapoṇa water for rinsing the mouth & tooth-cleaner Vin. III, 51; IV, 90, 92, 233; J. IV, 69. —daha a lake (of water) D. I, 45. —doṇikā a water-tub or trough Vin. II, 220. —dhārā a shower of water Ps. I, 125; J. IV, 351. —niddhamana a water spout or drain Vin. II, 120, 123; DhA. II, 37. —nibbāhana an aquaduct Miln. 295. —paṭiggaha receiving or accepting water Vin. II, 213. —patta a waterbowl Vin. II, 107; D. I, 80; S. III, 105. —puñchanī a towel Vin. II, 122. —posita fed or nourished by water VvA. 173. —phusita a drop of water S. II, 135. —bindu a drop of w. It. 84 (v. l. for udabindu); PvA. 99. —bubbula a w. bubble A. IV, 137; Vism. 109, 479 (in comp.). —bhasta devoid of water ThA. 212 (for anodaka Th. 2, 265). —maṇika a water-pot Vin. I, 227; M. I, 354; A. III, 27; Miln. 28; DhA. I, 79. —mallaka a cup for w. A. I, 250. —rakkhasa a water-sprite DhA. III, 74. —rahada a lake (of w.) D. I, 74, 84; A. I, 9; II, 105; III, 25; Sn. 467; Pug. 47. —rūha a water plant Vv 35Q. —lekhā writing on w. A. I, 283 = Pug. 32 (in simile °ûpama like writing on w.; cp. Pug. A 215). —vāra “waterturn”, i.e. fetching water DhA. I, 49. —vāraka bucket S. II, 118. —vāha a flow of water, flowing w. J. VI, 162. —vāhaka rise or swelling (lit. carrying or pulling along (of water), overflowing, flood A. I, 178. —vāhana pulling up water Vin. II, 122 (°rajju). —sadda sound of water Dhs. 621. —sarāvaka a saucer for w. Vin. II, 120. —sāṭaka = sāṭikā J. II, 13. —sāṭikā “water-cloak”, a bathing-mantle Vin. I, 292; II, 272; IV, 279 (= yāya nivatthā nhāyati C.); DhA. II, 61 (T. °sāṭaka). —suddhika ablution with water (after passing urine) Vin. IV, 262 (= mutta-karaṇassa dhovanā C.). (Page 132)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

udaka (उदक).—n (S) Water. u0 yēṇēṃ (nayanānta-ḍōḷyānta-nētrānta &c.) To have tears coming into the eyes. Ex. darbhanirmita tayā śayanātēṃ dēkhatāṃ u0 yē nayanātēṃ || u0 sōḍaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ with acc. of o. To abandon, quit, relinquish (a thing, practice, matter). u0 hātāvara ghālaṇēṃ To relinquish one's right unto. udakāpāṇyānēṃ karuna ṭākaṇēṃ To perform or celebrate with but slight expense or pomp (funeral rites, a marriage &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udaka (उदक).—n Water. udaka sōḍaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ Abandon (a thing &c.).

--- OR ---

udaka (उदक).—m Rising; rising into eminence; emersion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udaka (उदक).—[, see Uddaka.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Udaka (उदक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Water. E. und to wet, deriv. irr.; this is sometimes considered as two words, uda and ka, each having the same meaning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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