Udaka: 27 definitions


Udaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Udaka (उदक).—The son of Araṇya and brother of Vāruṇī; attained Varuṇahood.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 104.

1b) A measure of seven prasthas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 215.

1c) A sage insulted by Asura Dundhu whom Kuvalayāśva killed.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 40.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Udaka (उदक) is another name for “Hrībera” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning udaka] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Udaka (उदक) refers to “water”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.106cd-109]—“The [Mantrin] is to perform the lustration in order to secure prosperity of the king and in the kingdom when the king is touched by the power of death, when [the king], his sons, or his country are marked by signs of death, etc., when Brahmins [and others] are [in danger] in all directions [i.e., in the capital and elsewhere], with the danger of loss of rice crops, grain, fruit, roots and water (udaka), and in times of famine, disease and great calamities. After sacrificing as before, the [Mantrin] should perform the water pot consecration”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Udaka (उदक) refers to “water”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Just as gold which has been smelted and has left behind its impurities, becomes pure, and water (udaka), which is waveless [when] in [a place] without wind, becomes nothing but its own transparent nature, so, this entire world, which has left behind its aspected [nature], shines intensely, aspectless. That is the pure reality, whose essential nature is innate, and certainly [arises] when the no-mind [state] has arisen. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Uraga.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N (Water).

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Udaka (उदक) refers to “water”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (13) The parts of the personality, realms and fields of perception (skandhadhātu-āyatana) are as an illusion (māyā-upama); the three worlds are as the reflection of the moon in the water (udaka-candra-upama) without change (acyuta); all living beings are non-existence (abhāva) as a dream (svapnopama). Having realized the fact that all things are like a dream by the knowledge, you teach this dharma. [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Udaka (उदक) refers to “water” (suitable for an offering ritual), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān said]: “Now I shall teach the offering manual which is auspicious and can bring about any effect. [...] A bowl should be placed in the middle of the maṇḍalaka. It should be filled with the five products of the cow, thickened milk and water (udaka). Mustard seeds and parched grain should be cast. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Udaka (उदक) refers to “water”, according to the purification (śodhana) of the Pañcagavya (five cow products) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “[...] Oṃ purified with conch-water Hūṃ. [Give water to patrons.] Cow urine, cow dung, milk, curd, ghee, holy grass, (and) water (udaka), The forementioned Pañcagavya and holy grass purifies the body. Oṃ purified with conch-water Hūṃ. [Give water again]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Udaka (उदक) is the name of a class of rākṣasas according to the Digambara while the Śvetāmbara tradition does not recognize this class. The rākṣasas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The rākṣasas are black and their caitya-vṛkṣas (sacred-tree) is Kaṇṭaka according to the Digambara They are white and have a fierce appearance according to Śvetāmbara.

The deities such as the Udakas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

udaka : (nt.) water.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Udaka, (nt.) (Vedic udaka, uda + ka (see uda2), of Idg. *ǔed, *ud, fuller form *eǔed (as in Sk. odatī, odman flood, odana gruel, q. v.); cp. Sk. unatti, undati to water, udra = Av. udra = Ags. otor = E. otter (“water-animal”); Gr. u(/dwr water (“hydro”), u(/dra hydra (“water-animal”); Lat. unda wave; Goth. watō = Ohg. wazzar = E. water; Obulg. voda water, vydra otter) water Vin. II, 120, 213; D. II, 15 (°assa dhārā gushes or showers of w.); Dh. 80, 145; J. I, 212; Pv. I, 57; Pug. 31, 32; Miln. 318; VvA. 20 (udake temanaṃ aggimhe tāpanaṃ); DhA. I, 289; DhA. III, 176, 256; PvA. 39, 70.—Syn. ambu, ela, jala etc. ‹-› The compn. form (-°) is either ûdaka (āsanûdaka-dāyin J. IV, 435) or °odaka (pādodaka water for the feet PvA. 78). odaka occurs also in abs. form (q. v.), cp. also oka. Bdgh. ’s kaṃ = udakaṃ, tena dāritan: kandaran ti is a false etymology; DA. I, 209.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udaka (उदक).—n (S) Water. u0 yēṇēṃ (nayanānta-ḍōḷyānta-nētrānta &c.) To have tears coming into the eyes. Ex. darbhanirmita tayā śayanātēṃ dēkhatāṃ u0 yē nayanātēṃ || u0 sōḍaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ with acc. of o. To abandon, quit, relinquish (a thing, practice, matter). u0 hātāvara ghālaṇēṃ To relinquish one's right unto. udakāpāṇyānēṃ karuna ṭākaṇēṃ To perform or celebrate with but slight expense or pomp (funeral rites, a marriage &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udaka (उदक).—n Water. udaka sōḍaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ Abandon (a thing &c.).

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udaka (उदक).—m Rising; rising into eminence; emersion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udaka (उदक).—[und-ṇvul ni °nalopaśca Uṇādi-sūtra 2.39] Water; अनीत्वा पङ्कतां धूलिमुदकं नावतिष्ठते (anītvā paṅkatāṃ dhūlimudakaṃ nāvatiṣṭhate) Śiśupālavadha 2.34. उदकं दा (udakaṃ dā), [-प्रदा (pradā) or kṛ] To offer a libation of water to a dead person; इत्येवमुक्तो मारीचः कृत्वोदकमथात्मनः (ityevamukto mārīcaḥ kṛtvodakamathātmanaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.278.14. उदकं उपस्पृश् (udakaṃ upaspṛś) to touch certain parts of the body with water, bathe; [cf. Gr. hudor; L. unda 'a wave'].


Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Udaka (उदक).—[, see Uddaka.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaka (उदक).—n.

(-kaṃ) Water. E. und to wet, deriv. irr.; this is sometimes considered as two words, uda and ka, each having the same meaning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaka (उदक).—i. e. udan + ka, n. 1. Water, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 99. 2. The ceremony of pouring water at obsequies, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 88. 3. Religious ablution, Mahābhārata 1, 790.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaka (उदक).—[neuter] water.

udakaṃ dā or pradā offer a libation of water to a dead person ([genetive] or [dative]); udakaṃ kṛ the same, also = kamupaspṛś touch cert. parts of the body with water ([ritual or religion]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Udaka (उदक):—[from und] n. water, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the ceremony of offering water to a dead person, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

3) [v.s. ...] (udakaṃ or pra-√dā or √1. kṛ, to offer water to the dead [with [genitive case] or [dative case]] [Yājñavalkya; Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.; cf. upa- √spṛś)

4) [v.s. ...] ablution (as a ceremony See udakārtha)

5) [v.s. ...] a particular metre, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

6) Ūdaka (ऊदक):—See an-ūdaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udaka (उदक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Water.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Udaka (उदक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uaa, Udaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Udaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Uḍākā (उडाका):—(nm) an aviator, flier.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Udaka (ಉದಕ):—[noun] (dial.) a kind of soup made by straining the green leaves after they are boiled.

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Udaka (ಉದಕ):—[noun] water.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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