Udaharana, Udāharaṇa: 9 definitions

Introduction

Udaharana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “example”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

2) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “exaggeration”) refers to ‘employment of exaggerated’ examples or hyperbole . Udāharaṇa represents one of the thirteen garbhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Garbhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the development part (garbha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

1) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “parallelism”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of udāharaṇa: When by a sentence expressing a similar situation a suggestion is made by clever people to accomplish some objects, it is called Prarallelism (udāharaṇa, lit. “example”).

2) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘development segment’ (garbhasandhi);—(Description:) A speech with an overstatement is called Exaggeration (udāharaṇa).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—A grammatical example in explanation of an interpretation; cf. नैकमुदाहरणमसवर्णग्रहणं प्रयोजयति (naikamudāharaṇamasavarṇagrahaṇaṃ prayojayati) P.VI. 1.11.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous (U) next»] — Udaharana in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “example”) refers to the third of five stages of syllogism (parārthānumāna) also known as “anumāna (inference) intended for another”, according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha. Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Parārtha-anumāna (syllogism) consists of five members. The third member is udāharaṇa. It shows the universal concomitance together with an example.

As for example:

  1. The mountain is fiery (pratijñā),
  2. Because it has smoke (hetu),
  3. Whatever has smoke is fiery. For example, a kitchen (udāharaṇa),
  4. The mountain has smoke which is invariably concomitant with fire (upanaya),
  5. Hence, the mountain is fiery (nigamana),
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Udaharana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

udāharaṇa : (nt.) example; instance.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Udāharaṇa, (nt.) (fr. udāharati) example, instance J. III, 401 (°ṃ āharitvā dassento), 510; Miln. 345; SnA 445; VvA. 297. (Page 134)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Udaharana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—n (S) An example or illustration: also a case or an instance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—n An example or illustration. An instance.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Udaharana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. An example or illustration, an opposite argument, one of five modes of logical reasoning. 2. Declaring, saying. E. ud over, āṅ before hṛ to convey, and lyuṭ affix, or with ghañ affix udāhāra.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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