Udaharana, aka: Udāharaṇa; 9 Definition(s)


Udaharana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “example”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

2) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “exaggeration”) refers to ‘employment of exaggerated’ examples or hyperbole . Udāharaṇa represents one of the thirteen garbhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Garbhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the development part (garbha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “parallelism”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of udāharaṇa: When by a sentence expressing a similar situation a suggestion is made by clever people to accomplish some objects, it is called Prarallelism (udāharaṇa, lit. “example”).

2) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘development segment’ (garbhasandhi);—(Description:) A speech with an overstatement is called Exaggeration (udāharaṇa).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Udaharana in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—A grammatical example in explanation of an interpretation; cf. नैकमुदाहरणमसवर्णग्रहणं प्रयोजयति (naikamudāharaṇamasavarṇagrahaṇaṃ prayojayati) P.VI. 1.11.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Udaharana in Nyaya glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “example”) refers to the third of five stages of syllogism (parārthānumāna) also known as “anumāna (inference) intended for another”, according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha. Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Parārtha-anumāna (syllogism) consists of five members. The third member is udāharaṇa. It shows the universal concomitance together with an example.

As for example:

  1. The mountain is fiery (pratijñā),
  2. Because it has smoke (hetu),
  3. Whatever has smoke is fiery. For example, a kitchen (udāharaṇa),
  4. The mountain has smoke which is invariably concomitant with fire (upanaya),
  5. Hence, the mountain is fiery (nigamana),
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Udaharana in Pali glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

udāharaṇa : (nt.) example; instance.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Udāharaṇa, (nt.) (fr. udāharati) example, instance J. III, 401 (°ṃ āharitvā dassento), 510; Miln. 345; SnA 445; VvA. 297. (Page 134)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Udaharana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—n (S) An example or illustration: also a case or an instance.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—n An example or illustration. An instance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udaharana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. An example or illustration, an opposite argument, one of five modes of logical reasoning. 2. Declaring, saying. E. ud over, āṅ before hṛ to convey, and lyuṭ affix, or with ghañ affix udāhāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

nāgavēṃ-udāharaṇa (नागवें-उदाहरण).—n A poor, inexpressive illustration.
Janodāharaṇa (जनोदाहरण).—glory, fame. Derivable forms: janodāharaṇam (जनोदाहरणम्).Janodāharaṇa ...
Nagavem Udaharana
nāgavēṃ udāharaṇa (नागवें उदाहरण).—n A poor, meagre, tame, inexpressive illustration or example...
Udāharaṇamañjarī (उदाहरणमञ्जरी) by Lakṣmīnātha-bhaṭṭa (C. 1600 C.E.) is not available to us now...
Chandaudāharaṇa (छन्दौदाहरण) is the name of a text dealing with Sanskrit prosody (chandas) for ...
Avayava (अवयव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. A limb, a member. 2. A part, a portion. 3. Division of a logical a...
Lakṣaṇa (लक्षण).—n. (-ṇaṃ) 1. A mark, a spot. 2. A name, an appellation. 3. Sight, seeing. 4. A...
Hetu (हेतु).—m. (-tuḥ) 1. Cause, object, motive. 2. The reason or argument for an inference or ...
Nyāya (न्याय).—Many tenets of Nyāya are found in the Śānti-parva of the Mahābhārata (Sāntiparva...
Saṃbodhana (संबोधन).—1) Explaining.2) Addressing.3) The vocative case.4) An epithet (used in ca...
Godā (गोदा) is another name for the river Godāvarī, which forms an important unit in the histor...
Nidarśanā (निदर्शना) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañ...
Pratijñā (प्रतिज्ञा, “proposition”) refers to the first of five stages of syllogism (parārthānu...
Upanaya (उपनय).—m. (-yaḥ) The initiation of the three first classes; investiture with a peculia...
Garbhasandhi (गर्भसन्धि).—The “dramatic juncture of the development or catastasis” in which, fo...

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