Udaharana, Udāharaṇa: 9 definitions
Udaharana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “example”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.
2) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “exaggeration”) refers to ‘employment of exaggerated’ examples or hyperbole . Udāharaṇa represents one of the thirteen garbhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Garbhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the development part (garbha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
1) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “parallelism”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of udāharaṇa: When by a sentence expressing a similar situation a suggestion is made by clever people to accomplish some objects, it is called Prarallelism (udāharaṇa, lit. “example”).
2) Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—One of the thirteen elements of the ‘development segment’ (garbhasandhi);—(Description:) A speech with an overstatement is called Exaggeration (udāharaṇa).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—A grammatical example in explanation of an interpretation; cf. नैकमुदाहरणमसवर्णग्रहणं प्रयोजयति (naikamudāharaṇamasavarṇagrahaṇaṃ prayojayati) P.VI. 1.11.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Nyaya (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
Udāharaṇa (उदाहरण, “example”) refers to the third of five stages of syllogism (parārthānumāna) also known as “anumāna (inference) intended for another”, according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha. Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Parārtha-anumāna (syllogism) consists of five members. The third member is udāharaṇa. It shows the universal concomitance together with an example.
As for example:
- The mountain is fiery (pratijñā),
- Because it has smoke (hetu),
- Whatever has smoke is fiery. For example, a kitchen (udāharaṇa),
- The mountain has smoke which is invariably concomitant with fire (upanaya),
- Hence, the mountain is fiery (nigamana),
Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
udāharaṇa : (nt.) example; instance.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Udāharaṇa, (nt.) (fr. udāharati) example, instance J. III, 401 (°ṃ āharitvā dassento), 510; Miln. 345; SnA 445; VvA. 297. (Page 134)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—n (S) An example or illustration: also a case or an instance.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
udāharaṇa (उदाहरण).—n An example or illustration. An instance.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaṃ) 1. An example or illustration, an opposite argument, one of five modes of logical reasoning. 2. Declaring, saying. E. ud over, āṅ before hṛ to convey, and lyuṭ affix, or with ghañ affix udāhāra.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Abhyudaharana, Candragrahanodaharana, Candrasuryagrahodaharana, Chandaudaharana, Chhandaudaharana, Janodaharana, Jatakapaddhatyudaharana, Keralagranthodaharana, Nagavem Udaharana, Nagavem-udaharana, Nilakanthodaharana, Pancangasadhanagrahodaharana, Patadhikarodaharana, Pratyudaharana, Samudaharana, Shukranalikodaharana, Vyatirekyudaharana.
Full-text (+25): Vyatirekyudaharana, Janodaharana, Avayava, Nagavem-udaharana, Nagavem Udaharana, Shalyoddhara, Lagu, Samudaharana, Abhyudaharana, Mitankakarana, Pratyudaharana, Pancavayava, Grahanadarsha, Ramavinoda, Garbhasandhi, Vishnukarana, Dhikoti, Sambodhana, Dhikotikarana, Grahalaghava.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Udaharana, Udāharaṇa, Udāharana, Udaharaṇa, Uda-harana, Uda-haraṇa, Ud-aharana, Ud-āharaṇa; (plurals include: Udaharanas, Udāharaṇas, Udāharanas, Udaharaṇas, haranas, haraṇas, aharanas, āharaṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 14 - Vedānta theory of Perception and Inference < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]
Part 15 - Sautrāntika theory of Inference < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Part 5 - Philosophy in the Nyāya sūtras < [Chapter VIII - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Philosophy]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter LXV - The Technical terms used in the treatise < [Canto V - Tantra-bhusana-adhyaya (embellishing chapters)]
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
Dialectical terms (2): Demonstration (sthāpanā) < [Chapter 7 - Logic and Dialectical Speculations]
The Buddhist Philosophy of Universal Flux (by Satkari Mookerjee)