Taravali, Tārāvalī, Tārāvali: 5 definitions

Introduction

Taravali means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (T) next»] — Taravali in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Tārāvalī (तारावली) is the daughter of Rambha, an ancient king of Vajrarātra, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 44. Accordingly, as Vajraprabha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... accompanied by Prahasta only, [Sūryaprabha] visited the city called Vajrarātra. There he carried off the daughter of King Rambha before his eyes, Tārāvalī by name, who was enamoured of him and burning with the fire of love”.

2) Tārāvalī (तारावली) is the name of a female Vidyādhara, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 69. Accordingly, as a Vidyādhara said to Puṣkarākṣa: “... there is, King, a mighty Vidyādhara named Raṅkumālin. And a beautiful maiden of the Vidyādhara race, named Tārāvalī, who admired good looks, saw him and fell in love with him, and chose him for her husband”.

3) Tārāvalī (तारावली) is one of the three wifes of king Dharmadhvaja from Ujjayinī, as mentioned in the eleventh story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 85. Accordingly, “... he [king Dharmadhvaja] had three wives, who were all daughters of kings, and whom he held very dear. The first of them was called Indulekhā, the second Tārāvalī, and the third Mṛgāṅkavatī; and they were all possessed of extraordinary personal charms. And the successful king, who had conquered all his enemies, lived happily, amusing himself with all those three queens”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Tārāvalī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā

Tārāvalī (तारावली) is the name of a female ascetic whose story is told in the sixth Ucchvāsa of the Udayasundarīkathā. Tārāvalī is the daughter of Ratnamauli and a close friend of Udayasundarī (daughter of Śikhaṇḍatilaka, king of Indīvara). She tells her story to king Malayavāhana while staying in the hermitage of Viśvabhūti.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit epic tale written by Soḍḍhala in the early 11th century, revolving around the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana (king of Pratiṣṭhāna).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Tārāvali (तारावलि) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Tārāvali] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Tārāvalī (तारावली) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Vijñānatārāvalī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tārāvalī (तारावली):—[from tāra] 1. tārāvalī f. ‘row of tones’, Name of a composition.

2) [from tārā > tāra] 2. tārāvalī f. (rāv) a multitude of stars, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxxiii, 340]

3) [=tārā-valī] [from tārāvalī > tārā > tāra] Name of a figure (in rhetoric), [Pratāparudrīya]

4) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of the Yakṣa prince Maṇibhadra, [Daśakumāra-carita ix, 43]

5) [v.s. ...] of other mythical women, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxix, lxxxv; cxxiii, 82.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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