Svarabhakti, Svara-bhakti: 8 definitions


Svarabhakti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Svarabhakti in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Svarabhakti (स्वरभक्ति).—A vowel part; appearance of a consonant as a vowel; the character of a vowel borne by a consonant. Many times a semivowel which consists of one letter has to be divided especially for purposes of metre, as also for accentuation into two letters or rather, has to be turned into two letters by inserting a vowel before it or after it, for instance य् (y) is to be turned into इय् (iy) e. g, in त्रियम्बकं यजामहे (triyambakaṃ yajāmahe), while र् (r) or रेफ (repha) is to be turned into र् ऋ (r ṛ) as for instance in कर्हि चित् (karhi cit) which is to be uttered as कर् ऋ हृि चित् (kar ṛ hṛि cit). This prefixing or suffixing of a vowel is called स्वरभक्तिः (svarabhaktiḥ) cf. स्वरभक्तिः पूर्वभागक्षराङ्गं द्राघीयसी सार्धमात्रेतरे च । अधोनान्या (svarabhaktiḥ pūrvabhāgakṣarāṅgaṃ drāghīyasī sārdhamātretare ca | adhonānyā) (R. Pr. I. 32.35; cf. also न संयोगं स्वरभाक्तिर्विहन्ति (na saṃyogaṃ svarabhāktirvihanti) R. Pr. VI. 35; cf. also रेफात् खरोपहिताद् व्यञ्जनोदयाद् ऋकारवर्णा स्वरभक्तिरुत्तराः (rephāt kharopahitād vyañjanodayād ṛkāravarṇā svarabhaktiruttarāḥ) R. Pr. VI. 46. In Panini's grammar, however, the word अञ्भक्ति (añbhakti), which means the same, is used for स्वरभक्ति (svarabhakti); cf. ऋति ऋ वा लृति लृ वा इत्युभयत्रापि विधेयं वर्णद्वयं द्विमात्रम् । आद्यस्य मध्ये द्वौ रेफौ तयोरेकां मात्रा । अभितेज्भक्तेरपरा । (ṛti ṛ vā lṛti lṛ vā ityubhayatrāpi vidheyaṃ varṇadvayaṃ dvimātram | ādyasya madhye dvau rephau tayorekāṃ mātrā | abhitejbhakteraparā |) S. K. on VI. 1.101.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svarabhakti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svarabhakti (स्वरभक्ति).—f. a vowel-sound phonetically inserted in the pronunciation of र् (r) or ल् (l) when these letters are followed by a sibilant or any single consonant; (e. g. varṣa pronounced as variṣa).

Derivable forms: svarabhaktiḥ (स्वरभक्तिः).

Svarabhakti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms svara and bhakti (भक्ति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svarabhakti (स्वरभक्ति).—f.

(-ktiḥ) A vowel-sound phonetically inserted in the pronunciation of r or l when these latters are followed by a sibilant, (as varṣa pronounced as variṣa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svarabhakti (स्वरभक्ति).—[feminine] vowel-fracture ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Svarabhakti (स्वरभक्ति) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—vaidic phonetics. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 112.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Svarabhakti (स्वरभक्ति):—[=svara-bhakti] [from svara > svṛ] f. ‘vowel-separation’, a vowel-sound phonetically inserted between r or l and a following consonant (e.g. varṣa pronounced variṣa), [Prātiśākhya]

[Sanskrit to German]

Svarabhakti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Svarabhakti in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Svarabhakti (ಸ್ವರಭಕ್ತಿ):—[noun] (ling.) a breaking of a syllable with clubbed consonants into two different consonants inserting a vowel in between (as in ಭಕ್ತಿ [bhakti] > ಭಕುತಿ [bhakuti]).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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