Karini, Kariṇī: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Karini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kariṇī (करिणी).—Name of a svarabhakti i. e. behaviour like the vowel ऋ () noticed in the case of the consonant र् (r). when it is followed by ह् (h) e. g. बर् हिः करिणी (bar hiḥ kariṇī) is named करेणु (kareṇu) also.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Kariṇī (करिणी) is a synonym (another name) for the [Female] Elephant (Gaja), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Kāriṇī (कारिणी) refers to “that which can effect” (a favour or curse), according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] By means of an absorption for nine nights, [the Yogin] who abides in his own undivided self has the Siddhi of speech, which can effect (kāriṇī) a favour or curse [vācāsiddhir bhavet tasya śāpānugrahakāriṇī]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Kāriṇī (कारिणी) is one of the twenty-four Goddesses surrounding Buddhakapāla in the buddhakapālamaṇḍala, according to the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—Buddhakapāla refers to one of the various emanations of Akṣobhya and the sādhana says that when Heruka is embraced by Citrasenā he gets the name of Buddhakapāla.—Kāriṇī stands in the south-west of the middle circle. She has a blue colour two arms, one face, ornaments of bones, brown hair rising upwards but no garlands of heads. She  carries the kapāla in the left and the kartri in the right, and dances in the ardhaparyaṅka attitude.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Karini in India is the name of a plant defined with Dichrostachys cinerea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Alantsilodendron pilosum Villiers (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum.
· Prodromus Florae Peninsulae Indiae Orientalis (1834)
· Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Leeward and Windward Islands. (1988)
· Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden (1973)
· Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica (1775)
· Systema Naturae

If you are looking for specific details regarding Karini, for example extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kariṇī (करिणी).—

1) A female elephant; कथमेत्य मतिर्विपर्ययं करिणी पङ्कमिवावसीदति (kathametya matirviparyayaṃ kariṇī paṅkamivāvasīdati) Kirātārjunīya 2.6; Bv.1.2. आरोप्य करिणीं हृष्टःस्तू- यमानोऽविशत् पुरम् (āropya kariṇīṃ hṛṣṭaḥstū- yamāno'viśat puram) Bhāg.

2) A plant called हस्तिपिप्पली (hastipippalī) (Mar. gajapiṃpaḷī)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kāriṇī (कारिणी).—name of a goddess: Sādhanamālā 502.9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kariṇī (करिणी):—[from kara] a f. ([from] the next), a female elephant, [Bhartṛhari; Vikramorvaśī; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [from karin > kara] b f. See above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kariṇī (करिणी):—(ṇī) 3. f. A female elephant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kariṇī (करिणी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kariṇiyā, Kariṇī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kariṇī (करिणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kariṇī.

Kariṇī has the following synonyms: Kariṇiyā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kariṇi (ಕರಿಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a female elephant.

2) [noun] a class of women as classified in the science of erotics.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Kariṇi (கரிணி) noun (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு [sudamaninigandu])

1. Mountain; வைத்திய மலையகராதி [vaithiya malaiyagarathi]

2. Mountain cave; மலைக்குகை. [malaikkugai.]

--- OR ---

Kariṇi (கரிணி) noun < karinī. (பிங்கலகண்டு [pingalagandu])

1. Female elephant; பெண்யானை. [penyanai.]

2. Elephant; யானை. [yanai.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Kāriṇī (कारिणी):—adj. having the power to put plans/actions/laws into effect;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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