Bhangi, Bhāṅgī, Bhaṅgi, Bhamgi: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Bhangi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Bhāṅgī (भाङ्गी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Bhaṅgī (भङ्गी) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Bhaṅgī corresponds to Vicchitti. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: The goladhyaya in Nityananda’s Sarvasiddhanta-raja

Bhaṅgī (भङ्गी) refers to “figures” (showing the different astronomical terms in planetary models), according to a particular manuscript of Nityānanda’s Sarvasiddhāntarāja.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Bhaṅgī (भङ्गी) is the name of a city associated with Māsapurīvarta, which refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Māsapurīvarta), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Bhaṅgī) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Bhangi [ಭಂಗಿ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Cannabis sativa L. from the Cannabaceae (Marijuana) family having the following synonyms: Cannabis indica, Cannabis chinensis, Cannabis generalis. For the possible medicinal usage of bhangi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Bhangi in East Africa is the name of a plant defined with Tagetes minuta in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Tagetes glandulosa Link (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Synopseos Plantarum (Persoon) (1807)
· Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. (1822)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Florae Fluminensis Icones (1831)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bhangi, for example health benefits, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhaṅgī (भंगी).—m ( H) An individual of a low caste who are sweepers &c.

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bhaṅgī (भंगी).—a (bhaṅga) Addicted to the use of bhāṅga.

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bhaṅgī (भंगी).—f (S) A turn, cast, air, style, fashion. 2 A figure drawn (as of a heavenly body in explaining its position and course), a diagram.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhaṅgī (भंगी).—m A scavenger, sweeper. f A turn; a diagram.

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bhaṅgī (भंगी).—a Addicted to the use of bhāṅga.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhaṅgi (भङ्गि) or Bhaṅgī (भङ्गी).—f.

1) Breaking, fracture, breach, division.

2) Undulation.

3) Bending, contracting; दृग्भङ्गीभिः प्रथममथुरासंगमे चुम्बितोऽस्मि (dṛgbhaṅgībhiḥ prathamamathurāsaṃgame cumbito'smi) Ud. S.13.

4) A wave.

5) A flood, current.

6) A crooked path, tortuous or winding course.

7) A circumlocutory or round-about way of speaking or acting, periphrasis; भङ्ग्यन्तरेण कथनात् (bhaṅgyantareṇa kathanāt) K. P.1; इति भङ्ग्या व्यज्यते-कथ्यते (iti bhaṅgyā vyajyate-kathyate) &c.; बहुभङ्गिविशारदः (bahubhaṅgiviśāradaḥ) Dk.

8) A pretext, disguise, semblance; यः पाञ्चजन्यप्रतिबिम्बभङ्ग्या धाराम्भसः फेनमिव व्यनक्ति (yaḥ pāñcajanyapratibimbabhaṅgyā dhārāmbhasaḥ phenamiva vyanakti) Vikr.1.1.

9) Trick, fraud, deceit.

1) Irony.

11) Repartee, wit.

12) A step; यानादवातरददूरमहीतलेन मार्गेण भङ्गिरचितस्फटिकेन रामः (yānādavātaradadūramahītalena mārgeṇa bhaṅgiracitasphaṭikena rāmaḥ) R.13.69.

13) An interval.

14) Modesty.

15) A fashion or mode; नानाश्रमलतापुष्पभङ्गीरचितकुन्तलाम् (nānāśramalatāpuṣpabhaṅgīracitakuntalām) Bm.1.233; भङ्ग्यन्तरेण (bhaṅgyantareṇa) ind. in an indirect manner; in another manner.

Derivable forms: bhaṅgiḥ (भङ्गिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaṅgi (भङ्गि).—f. (-ṅgiḥ-ṅgī) 1. Fracture, division, separation. 2. Fraud, deception, trick, disguise. 3. Irony. 4. Wit, repartee. 5. A wave. 6. A crooked path. 7. A step. 8. Modesty. 9. A current. 10. Interval. 11. Circumlocation. E. bhañj to break, aff. in, ṅīp optionally added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaṅgi (भङ्गि).—bhaṅgī, i. e. bhañj + a + i, f. 1. Fracture. 2. Separation, interval, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 83, 1; step, degree, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 13, 69. 3. Incurvation, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 87, 16. 4. Current, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 2, 131. 5. figurat. Modesty, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 21, 103. 6. Fraud, pretext, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 3, 53. 7. A wave, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 16, 36.

Bhaṅgi can also be spelled as Bhaṅgī (भङ्गी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaṅgi (भङ्गि).—[feminine] breaking, bending; curve. step (of a stair-case), crooked path, indirect manner of speech, circumlocution; way, manner i.[grammar]; mere appearance or semblance.

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Bhaṅgī (भङ्गी).—[feminine] breaking, bending; curve. step (of a stair-case), crooked path, indirect manner of speech, circumlocution; way, manner i.[grammar]; mere appearance or semblance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhaṅgi (भङ्गि):—a gu, gura etc. See p.744.

2) [from bhañj] b (or bhaṅgī) f. breaking, [Inscriptions]

3) [v.s. ...] a bend, curve, [Dhūrtasamāgama]

4) [v.s. ...] a roundabout mode of acting or speaking, circumlocution (gyā, ind. ‘in an indirect manner’), [Kāvyādarśa; Daśakumāra-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] explaining, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] mode, manner, way, [Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] way of dressing, fashion, toilet, [Bālarāmāyaṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

8) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) mere appearance or semblance of [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

9) [v.s. ...] fraud, deception, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] irony, wit, repartee, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) [v.s. ...] modesty, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

12) [v.s. ...] = bhaṅga (with Jainas), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

13) [v.s. ...] figure, shape, [Siddhāntaśiromaṇi]

14) [v.s. ...] a step (See bhakti)

15) [v.s. ...] a wave, [Naiṣadha-carita]

16) Bhaṅgī (भङ्गी):—[from bhañj] (or bhaṅgi) f. breaking, [Inscriptions]

17) [v.s. ...] a bend, curve, [Dhūrtasamāgama]

18) [v.s. ...] a roundabout mode of acting or speaking, circumlocution (gyā, ind. ‘in an indirect manner’), [Kāvyādarśa; Daśakumāra-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

19) [v.s. ...] explaining, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] mode, manner, way, [Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa]

21) [v.s. ...] way of dressing, fashion, toilet, [Bālarāmāyaṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

22) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) mere appearance or semblance of [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

23) [v.s. ...] fraud, deception, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] irony, wit, repartee, [Horace H. Wilson]

25) [v.s. ...] modesty, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

26) [v.s. ...] = bhaṅga (with Jainas), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

27) [v.s. ...] figure, shape, [Siddhāntaśiromaṇi]

28) [v.s. ...] a step (See bhakti)

29) [v.s. ...] a wave, [Naiṣadha-carita]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhaṅgi (भङ्गि):—(ṅgiḥ) 2. f. Fracture; fraud; irony; wit; a wave.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhaṅgi (भङ्गि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhaṃgi, Bhaṃgī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhangi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhangi in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a sweeper, scavenger; a low caste in the traditional Hindu caste set-up; (nf) see [bhamgima]..—bhangi (भंगी) is alternatively transliterated as Bhaṃgī.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Bhaṃgi (भंगि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhaṅgi.

2) Bhaṃgī (भंगी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bhaṅgī.

3) Bhaṃgī (भंगी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bhṛṅgī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhaṃgi (ಭಂಗಿ):—

1) [noun] the tall, annual shrub Cannabis sativa of Cannabinaceae family; hemp.

2) [noun] any substance, such as marijuana, hashish, etc., made from the leaves and flowers of this plant.

3) [noun] a person addicted to narcotic or hallucinogen substances as marijuana, hashish, etc.

--- OR ---

Bhaṃgi (ಭಂಗಿ):—

1) [noun] the act of breaking, splitting or being broken, shattered.

2) [noun] a breach; a rift; cleft.

3) [noun] a bend; a turn.

4) [noun] the condition or quality of not being permanent or lasting for a longer time; transitoriness; momentariness.

5) [noun] a crooked, circumambulatory road.

6) [noun] an undulation created on the surface of a water-body by internal or external agitation; a wave.

7) [noun] the act or practice of deceiving; deception.

8) [noun] a reason or motive for doing or refraining from doing something.

9) [noun] a way or method in which something is done or happens or must be done; a manner.

10) [noun] the way a person is standing; the physical attitude of a person.

11) [noun] the manner in which something is expressed or displayed.

12) [noun] the act of dallying; flirting, toying or trifling; dalliance.

13) [noun] a style that is particular to a person or assumed by a person deliberately to impress others.

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Bhaṃgi (ಭಂಗಿ):—[noun] a person who sweeps public roads and places; a sweeper.

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Bhāṃgi (ಭಾಂಗಿ):—

1) [noun] a wrapped bundle conveyed or to be conveyed through postal or railway services; a parcel.

2) [noun] a large bag filled completely with something and the mouth is tied or stitched with a thread or string.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Bhaṅgī (भङ्गी):—adj. frail; fragile; transient; perishable;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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