Sugandhika, Su-gandhika, Sugamdhika: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Sugandhika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Sugandhika in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sugandhika (सुगन्धिक) is another name for Elavālu, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Prunus cerasus Linn. (sour cherry) from the Rosaceae or “rose” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.124-126 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Sugandhika and Elavālu, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Sugandhika (सुगन्धिक) (lit. “one who has a fragrant smell”) is a synonym (another name) for the Lion (Siṃha), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Sugandhika in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Sugandhika (सुगन्धिक) refers to “sulphur”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. It can also be spelled as Saugandhika. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (e.g., sugandhika). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Sugandhika in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sugandhika in India is the name of a plant defined with Altingia excelsa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Liquidambar altingiana Blume.

2) Sugandhika is also identified with Jasminum officinale It has the synonym Jasminum officinale f. aureovariegatum (Weston) Rehder (etc.).

3) Sugandhika is also identified with Vitex negundo It has the synonym Vitex nogondo L. ap. Bojer (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (1982)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Linnaea (1850)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1988)
· Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (1956)
· I. Invest. Stud. Nat. (1992)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sugandhika, for example diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sugandhika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sugandhika : (adj.) fragrant.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sugandhika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sugandhika (सुगन्धिक).—

1) incense.

2) sulphur.

3) a kind of rice.

-kam the white lotus.

Derivable forms: sugandhikaḥ (सुगन्धिकः).

Sugandhika is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and gandhika (गन्धिक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugandhika (सुगन्धिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A large sort of rice. 2. Incense. 3. Sulphur. n.

(-kaṃ) The white lotus. E. su pleonasm, gandha smell, ṭhak aff.; also saugandhika .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugandhika (सुगन्धिक).—[adjective] the same.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sugandhikā (सुगन्धिका):—[=su-gandhikā] [from su-gandhaka > su > su-ga] f. a kind of plant, [Suśruta]

2) Sugandhika (सुगन्धिक):—[=su-gandhika] [from su > su-ga] mfn. fragrant, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of grain (perhaps ‘of rice’), [Vāgbhaṭālaṃkāra; Caraka]

4) [v.s. ...] olibanum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] sulphur, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a lion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. the white lotus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the root of Andropogon Muricatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] the root of Costus Speciosus or Arabicus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a [particular] medicinal herb = sura-parṇa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sugandhika (सुगन्धिक):—[su-gandhika] (kaḥ) 1. m. A large sort of rice; incense; sulphur. n. White lotus.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sugandhika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sugandhika in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sugaṃdhika (ಸುಗಂಧಿಕ):—

1) [noun] a gum resin obtained from various trees of the Burseraceae family and used in perfumes and as incense; olibanum.

2) [noun] 'a pale-yellow, nonmetallic chemical element found in crystalline or amorphous form; sulphur (symbol: S).'3) [noun] the water lily plant Nelumbo nucifera ( = Nelumbium speciosum) of Nymphaeceae family.

4) [noun] its white flower; white lotus.

5) [noun] another water lily plant Nymphaea alba of the same family.

6) [noun] its flower.

7) [noun] a variety of (long) rice.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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