Stava, Stāva: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Stava means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Stav.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Stava (स्तव) refers to one of the fourteen limbs of the external-corpus (aṅga-bāhya). The Aṅgabāhya refers to one of the two types of scriptural knowledge (śruta), which refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.20, “scriptural knowledge (śruta) preceded by sensory knowledge (mati) is of two, or of twelve or of many kinds (e.g., stava)”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

stava (स्तव).—m (S) Praising, lauding, extolling; praise, applause, commendation.

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stava (स्तव).—prep On account of; for the sake of; because, for.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

stava (स्तव).—m Praise; extolling. prep For; on account of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Stava (स्तव).—[stu-ap]

1) Praising, celebrating, eulogizing.

2) Praise, eulogium, panegyric; ततो गिरः पुरुषवरस्तवा- न्विता (tato giraḥ puruṣavarastavā- nvitā) Mb.12.47.18.

Derivable forms: stavaḥ (स्तवः).

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Stāva (स्ताव).—Praise, eulogy.

Derivable forms: stāvaḥ (स्तावः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Stava (स्तव).—according to Tibetan on Avadāna-śataka ii.166.6 (see Stavakarṇika), cited by Feer in note to translation(s) as rgya skegs (= lākṣā), and according to Index to Divyāvadāna, lac (in any case must be a cheap material): apareṇa stava-karṇikā Divyāvadāna 26.27, lac ear-ring. See next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stava (स्तव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Praise, eulogium, panegyric. 2. Celebrating as a hero or hymning as a deity. E. ṣṭu to praise, ap aff.

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Stāva (स्ताव).—m.

(-vaḥ) Praise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stava (स्तव).—i. e. stu + a, m. 1. Praising, Mahābhārata 13, 7662. 2. Praise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stava (स्तव).—[masculine] praise, hymn, song.

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Stāva (स्ताव).—[masculine] praise; ka [adjective] & [masculine] praising, praiser.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Stava (स्तव):—1. stava m. or n. a [particular] substance, [Divyāvadāna]

2) 2a stavaka etc. See p. 1259, col. 1.

3) [from stu] 2b m. (for 1. See p. 1258, col. 3) praise, eulogy, song of praise, hymn, panegyric, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

4) Stāva (स्ताव):—[from stu] m. praise, eulogy, [Inscriptions]

5) [v.s. ...] a praiser, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) Stāvā (स्तावा):—[from stu] f. Name of an Apsaras, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Stava (स्तव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Praise, eulogium.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Stava (स्तव):—(von 1. stu) m. [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 27. 57.] gaṇa uñchādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 1, 160] (oxyt.) Lob, Verherrlichung, Loblied [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 5, 12.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 117.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 269.] [Halāyudha 1, 145.] [Ṛgveda 9, 55, 2.] [Harivaṃśa 4937.] rudrasya [10691. 10697.] ārṣa [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 102, 34.] balaṃ stavaḥ stāvakānām [Spr. (II) 4391.] paraguṇasya [?7332 (Conj.).] cakruḥ stavam [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 18, 24.] kimāśrayo me stava eṣa yojyatām [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 15, 22. 7, 1, 22.] (bharatam) tuṣṭuvuḥ stavaiḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 81, 1.] vedoktaiḥ svakṛtaiścaiva stavaiḥ [Harivaṃśa 7417.] [Mahābhārata 3, 13498.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 84, 29.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 363.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 12, 13, 1.] [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 176.] devatā [Mahābhārata 13, 7662.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 10, 14.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 7, 11. 16] in der Unterschr. [Oxforder Handschriften 85,a,41.] para [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 26, 25 (28 Gorresio).] ātma [3, 35, 22.] svaguṇa [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 27, 22.] mithyā [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 153.] neutr. : stavamidam (wohl nur fehlerhaft für imam) [Harivaṃśa 10260. 10280.] — Vgl. brahmatarka, saṃketa, sarasvatī .

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Stāva (स्ताव):—

1) adj. (von 3. stu) in ghṛtastāva (so die Hdschrr.) von Schmalz triefend [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 12, 2, 17.] —

2) m. = stava Lob, Verherrlichung Inschr. in [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 7, 12,] [Śloka 47.] —

3) f. stāvā (von 1. stu nach [Mahīdhara]) Name einer angeblichen Apsaras [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 18, 42] (zwischen ūrj und iṣṭi). — Vgl. viṣṭāva .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Stava (स्तव) [Also spelled stav]:—(nm) praise, eulogy, panegyric.

context information

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