Vidyujjihva, aka: Vidyut-jihva, Vidyujjihvā; 9 Definition(s)


Vidyujjihva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Vidyujjihva in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Vidyujjihva) various roles suitable to them.

2) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) is the name of a cloud whose sound corresponds to the Vāma or Vāmaka note made by drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “after seeing that the Mṛdaṅgas, Paṇavas and Dardaras have been made, the great sage Svāti brought about a similarity of their notes with those of clouds... The high sounding cloud named Vidyujjihva gave note to Vāma (Vāmaka)... Those who want Success of performances should make to these clouds, offerings which are dear to spirits (bhūta)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vidyujjihva in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—One of the twelve rākṣasas facing the twelve ādityas in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—A Rākṣasa (giant). This Vidyujjihva was a friend of Ghaṭotkaca. He was killed by Duryodhana in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 91, Stanza 20).

2) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—Husband of Śūrpaṇakhā. A son named Śambhukumāra was born to the couple. As this son Śambhukumāra was standing like a young tree in the forest Daṇḍakāraṇya, Lakṣmaṇa cut it down by his sword. Thus Śambhukumāra died. (Kamba Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇya Kāṇḍa).

3) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—One of the important Rākṣasa followers of Rāvaṇa. This giant, by his sorcery and witch-craft, showed Sītā, the head cut off from the body of Śrī Rāma and his broken bow, to make her consent to become the wife of Rāvaṇa. He repeated this stratagem on several occasions. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Uttara Kāṇḍa, Sarga 12).

4) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—One of the sons born to Viśravas by his wife Vākā. Mention is made in Vāyu Purāṇa that this Rākṣasa lives in the city called Arvāktala in Pātāla (underworld) known as Mahātala.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—A Rākṣasa of the fifth tala or Mahātala: a son of Vākā having his city in Arvāktalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 35; 70. 50; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 36; III. 8. 56;

1b) A Rākṣasa; son of Khaśā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 195.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vidyujjihvā (विद्युज्जिह्वा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.8). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vidyujjihvā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

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Vidyujjihvā (विद्युज्जिह्वा) or Karaṅkamukhā is the name of one of the thirty-two Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (eg., Vidyujjihvā) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Source: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Vidyujjihva in Katha glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) is the name of a Yakṣa and elder borther of Kālajihva, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 72. Accordingly, as Gaurī said to Vijayavatī: “... and it happened that the elder brother of your enemy Kālajihva, a Yakṣa named Vidyujjihva, was playing with his beloved in the form of a Brahmany drake, and while flapping his wings, he struck and upset the argha vessel held in the extremity of Kuvera’s hand”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vidyujjihva, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vidyujjihva in Jainism glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vidyujjihva] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidyujjihva in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—a kind of demon or Rākṣasa.

Derivable forms: vidyujjihvaḥ (विद्युज्जिह्वः).

Vidyujjihva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vidyut and jihva (जिह्व).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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