Vidyujjihva, Vidyut-jihva, Vidyujjihvā, Vidyugjihva: 13 definitions


Vidyujjihva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Vidyujjihva) various roles suitable to them.

2) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) is the name of a cloud whose sound corresponds to the Vāma or Vāmaka note made by drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “after seeing that the Mṛdaṅgas, Paṇavas and Dardaras have been made, the great sage Svāti brought about a similarity of their notes with those of clouds... The high sounding cloud named Vidyujjihva gave note to Vāma (Vāmaka)... Those who want Success of performances should make to these clouds, offerings which are dear to spirits (bhūta)”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vidyujjihva in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—One of the twelve rākṣasas facing the twelve ādityas in the battle of the gods (devas) between the demons (asuras), according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 94. This battle was initiated by Mahiṣāsura in order to win over the hand of Vaiṣṇavī, the form of Trikalā having a red body representing the energy of Viṣṇu. Trikalā is the name of a Goddess born from the combined looks of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara (Śiva).

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—A Rākṣasa (giant). This Vidyujjihva was a friend of Ghaṭotkaca. He was killed by Duryodhana in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 91, Stanza 20).

2) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—Husband of Śūrpaṇakhā. A son named Śambhukumāra was born to the couple. As this son Śambhukumāra was standing like a young tree in the forest Daṇḍakāraṇya, Lakṣmaṇa cut it down by his sword. Thus Śambhukumāra died. (Kamba Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇya Kāṇḍa).

3) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—One of the important Rākṣasa followers of Rāvaṇa. This giant, by his sorcery and witch-craft, showed Sītā, the head cut off from the body of Śrī Rāma and his broken bow, to make her consent to become the wife of Rāvaṇa. He repeated this stratagem on several occasions. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Uttara Kāṇḍa, Sarga 12).

4) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—One of the sons born to Viśravas by his wife Vākā. Mention is made in Vāyu Purāṇa that this Rākṣasa lives in the city called Arvāktala in Pātāla (underworld) known as Mahātala.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—A Rākṣasa of the fifth tala or Mahātala: a son of Vākā having his city in Arvāktalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 35; 70. 50; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 36; III. 8. 56;

1b) A Rākṣasa; son of Khaśā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 195.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vidyujjihvā (विद्युज्जिह्वा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.8). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vidyujjihvā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) refers to one of the sons of Vākā and Viśravas, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Viśravas was born to [Ilavilā and Pulastya]. Viśravas had four wives—Puṣpotkaṭā, Vākā, Kaikasī and Devavarṇinī. From Vāka were born three fearful demons—Triśirā, Dūṣaṇa and Vidyujjihva.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vidyujjihva in Shaivism glossary
Source: Yakṣiṇī-sādhana in the Kakṣapuṭa tantra

Vidyujjihvā (विद्युज्जिह्वा) or Karaṅkamukhā is the name of one of the thirty-two Yakṣiṇīs mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra. In the yakṣiṇī-sādhana, the Yakṣiṇī is regarded as the guardian spirit who provides worldly benefits to the practitioner. The Yakṣiṇī (e.g., Vidyujjihvā) provides, inter alia, daily food, clothing and money, tells the future, and bestows a long life, but she seldom becomes a partner in sexual practices.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vidyujjihva in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) is the name of a Yakṣa and elder borther of Kālajihva, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 72. Accordingly, as Gaurī said to Vijayavatī: “... and it happened that the elder brother of your enemy Kālajihva, a Yakṣa named Vidyujjihva, was playing with his beloved in the form of a Brahmany drake, and while flapping his wings, he struck and upset the argha vessel held in the extremity of Kuvera’s hand”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vidyujjihva, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Vidyujjihva in Jainism glossary
Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Vidyujjihva] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) refers to a mountain of the Indras of the Aṇuvelādhārins in the Lavaṇoda ocean surrounding Jambūdvīpa which is situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“Next, surrounding Jambūdvīpa, and twice as wide, is the ocean named Lavaṇoda. [...] Karkoṭaka, Kārdamaka, Kailāśa, and Aruṇaprabha, made of all jewels, are the mountains of the Indras of the Aṇuvelādhārins. The gods Karkoṭaka, Vidyujjihva, Kailāśa, and Aruṇaprabha, respectively, live always on these”.

2) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) is the name of an Antaradvīpa, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3.—Accordingly, “The Mlecchas are free from (knowledge of) virtue and vice, and also those born in the Antaradvīpas. The 56 Antaradvīpas are as follows: Half of them are to the east and west of Kṣudrahimavat in the four intermediate directions, beginning with northeast. [...] Beyond them (i.e., after Aśvakarṇa, Siṃhakarṇa, Hastikarṇa, and Karṇaprāvaraṇa), located at a distance of 800 yojanas across Lavaṇoda, with the same length and width are Ukāmukha, Vidyujjihva, Meṣamukha, and Vidyuddanta, in the northeast, etc., respectively”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidyujjihva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व).—a kind of demon or Rākṣasa.

Derivable forms: vidyujjihvaḥ (विद्युज्जिह्वः).

Vidyujjihva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vidyut and jihva (जिह्व).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व):—[=vidyuj-jihva] [from vidyuj > vi-dyut] mfn. having a lightning-like tongue, [Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Rākṣasa, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a Yakṣa, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) Vidyujjihvā (विद्युज्जिह्वा):—[=vidyuj-jihvā] [from vidyuj-jihva > vidyuj > vi-dyut] f. Name of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidyujjihva in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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