Venugopal, aka: Veṇugopāl; 1 Definition(s)

Introduction

Venugopal means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Veṇugopāl is the name of a deity depicted in the Aruṇācaleśvar or Arunachaleswara Temple in Thiruvannamalai (Tiruvaṇṇāmalai) which is one of the Pañcasabhā or “five halls where Śiva is said to have danced”.—Veṇugopāl is the other name for Kṛṣṇa. Veṇugopāl is found to stand in sama posture with the left leg placed in front in svastika (crossed). He is found with four hands. The upper hands hold cakra and śaṅkha in kartarīmukha-hasta. The lower right and left hands hold siṃha-karṇa near the right side of the mouth as if holding a flute. In dance, Veṇugopāl is depicted as standing in sama with the left leg placed in front in svastika and holding kapittha near the right side of the mouth in both the lower hands and kartarīmukha in both the upper hands. Rādhā and Rukmini are found on the either side of the lord.

Veṇugopāl is also depicted at the Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam (Śrī Raṅgam), which represents a sacred place for the worship of Viṣṇu.—Veṇugopāl is found in samapāda sthānaka with four hands. The upper right hand holds cakra and the upper left hand holds śaṅkha in kartarīmukha-hasta. The lower two hands hold the flute in kaṭaka-hasta, that is, hands placed to the right side of the face near the mouth as if playing the flute. The two goddesses are found on the either side of Veṇugopāl. The goddess to the right of the god is seen in samapāda-sthānaka with the right hand in dolā and the left hand in kaṭaka-hasta. The goddess to the left is found in samapāda-sthānaka with the right hand in kaṭaka-hasta and the left hand in dolā-hasta.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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