Shainya, Śainyā, Sainya: 20 definitions


Shainya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śainyā can be transliterated into English as Sainya or Shainya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sainy.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sainya (सैन्य) refers to “armies” (e.g., of the king), as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, [...] Brahminical, Royal and celestial sages, kings, with their friends, ministers, armies (sainya) etc, Vasus and other chief Gaṇadevatas—all of them were invited by him in the sacrifice”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śainyā (शैन्या).—(Śaineyas): beginning with Śini and ending with Yugandhara. This is the line of Anamitra, a branch of the Vṛṣṇis. (Kṣetropetadvijas).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 24; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 4; 19. 23.

2) Sainya (सैन्य).—An army of four-fold forces and of six limbs; a nuisance to peace.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 26. 52-3; 27. 12-13; 38. 18; 48. 7.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sainya (सैन्य) refers to “favourable halting places for the king’s army” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must be able to interpret the language and gestures of fighting men and the like; he must be learned in the Ṣaḍguṇa and Upāya policies; he must be able to predict the success or failure of an undertaking; he must be able to interpret omens; he must have a knowledge of favourable halting places for the king’s army [i.e., sainya]; he must be able to interpret the colour of ceremonial fires; he must know when to employ the ministers, spies, messengers and forest men; he must be able to give directions touching the captures of the enemy’s fortress”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sainya (सैन्य) refers to “armies”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “She is the Vidyā of twenty syllables well known as Amarikā. She destroys the magical devices of others and (is used) to catch the wicked, remove fever, paralyse speech, the mouth and armies [i.e., sainya-stambha]. She is the goddess Amarikā present in the intense union with the Yoginīs (haṭhamelaka)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Sainya (सैन्य) refers to “soldiers”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “All gods whoever in the earth and Nāgas, mountains with secret assemblies, Being a counter to, do once offer, the ghosts in each of your own directions. Seize satisfaction, along with your wives, children, servants and soldiers (sainya), Flowers, offerings, incense and ointment, seize, enjoy, and be exuberant, And enjoy granting success in this work. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Sainya (सैन्य) refers to “soldiers”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When Yama is an opponent of embodied souls, all elephants, horses, men, and soldiers (sainya) and the powers of mantras and medicines become useless. While any person does not hear the merciless roaring of Yama’s lion, in that time he leaps about having pleasure in only [his own] power”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sainya.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXI, p. 71), probably, an adminis- trative unit. Note: sainya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Sainya in Nigeria is the name of a plant defined with Securidaca longipedunculata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Securidaca longepedunculata Fresen..

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2003)
· African Health Sciences (2006)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2006)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2000)
· Systema Naturae
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1983)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sainya, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sainya (सैन्य).—n (S) An army, a force, a body of troops.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sainya (सैन्य).—An army, a force, a body of troops.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śainyā (शैन्या).—(m. pl.) The descendants of Śini.

Derivable forms: śainyāḥ (शैन्याः).

--- OR ---

Sainya (सैन्य).—[senāyāṃ samavaiti trya]

1) A soldier; सैन्याः श्रियामनुपभोगनिरर्थकत्वदोषप्रवादममृजन्नगनिम्नगानाम् (sainyāḥ śriyāmanupabhoganirarthakatvadoṣapravādamamṛjannaganimnagānām) Śiśupālavadha 5.28.

2) A guard, sentinel.

-nyam 1 An army, a troop; स प्रतस्थेऽरि- नाशाय हरिसैन्यैरनुद्रुतः (sa pratasthe'ri- nāśāya harisainyairanudrutaḥ) R.12.67.

2) A camp.

Derivable forms: sainyaḥ (सैन्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainya (सैन्य).—n.

(-nyaṃ) An army. m.

(-nyaḥ) 1. A soldier under arms, one drawn up in array. 2. A guard, a sentinel. E. senā an army, ṇya or ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainya (सैन्य).—i. e. senā + ya, I. m. 1. A soldier, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 216. 2. A guard. Ii. n. An army, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 79.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainya (सैन्य).—[adjective] relating to an army; [masculine] soldier, [neuter] army (also [masculine]), camp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śainya (शैन्य):—[from śaineya] m. a [patronymic] [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] [plural] the descendants of Śini (who became Brāhmans, though originally of the Kṣatriya race), [Purāṇa]

3) Sainya (सैन्य):—[from sainaka] mfn. belonging to or proceeding from an army, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a soldier ([plural] ‘troops’), [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. an army, [Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) [v.s. ...] a sentinel, guard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a body of troops, army, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] a camp, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainya (सैन्य):—(nyaṃ) 1. n. An army. m. A soldier, a sentinel.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sainya (सैन्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saiṇṇa, Sinna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shainya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shainya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sainya (सैन्य) [Also spelled sainy]:—(a) military, pertaining to army; ~[nāyaka/pati/pāla] a commander; —[bala/śakti] armament, military might; ~[mukha] a vanguard; ~[vāda] militarism; ~[vādī] a militarist; militaristic; —[sajjā] armed equipment; war-preparation.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sainya (ಸೈನ್ಯ):—[noun] a large organised body of soldiers for waging war (on land, in air and on sea).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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