Shainya, Śainyā, Sainya: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shainya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śainyā can be transliterated into English as Sainya or Shainya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sainy.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sainya (सैन्य) refers to “armies” (e.g., of the king), as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, [...] Brahminical, Royal and celestial sages, kings, with their friends, ministers, armies (sainya) etc, Vasus and other chief Gaṇadevatas—all of them were invited by him in the sacrifice”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śainyā (शैन्या).—(Śaineyas): beginning with Śini and ending with Yugandhara. This is the line of Anamitra, a branch of the Vṛṣṇis. (Kṣetropetadvijas).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 24; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 4; 19. 23.

2) Sainya (सैन्य).—An army of four-fold forces and of six limbs; a nuisance to peace.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 26. 52-3; 27. 12-13; 38. 18; 48. 7.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sainya (सैन्य) refers to “favourable halting places for the king’s army” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must be able to interpret the language and gestures of fighting men and the like; he must be learned in the Ṣaḍguṇa and Upāya policies; he must be able to predict the success or failure of an undertaking; he must be able to interpret omens; he must have a knowledge of favourable halting places for the king’s army [i.e., sainya]; he must be able to interpret the colour of ceremonial fires; he must know when to employ the ministers, spies, messengers and forest men; he must be able to give directions touching the captures of the enemy’s fortress”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sainya.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXI, p. 71), probably, an adminis- trative unit. Note: sainya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sainya (सैन्य).—n (S) An army, a force, a body of troops.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sainya (सैन्य).—An army, a force, a body of troops.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śainyā (शैन्या).—(m. pl.) The descendants of Śini.

Derivable forms: śainyāḥ (शैन्याः).

--- OR ---

Sainya (सैन्य).—[senāyāṃ samavaiti trya]

1) A soldier; सैन्याः श्रियामनुपभोगनिरर्थकत्वदोषप्रवादममृजन्नगनिम्नगानाम् (sainyāḥ śriyāmanupabhoganirarthakatvadoṣapravādamamṛjannaganimnagānām) Śi.5.28.

2) A guard, sentinel.

-nyam 1 An army, a troop; स प्रतस्थेऽरि- नाशाय हरिसैन्यैरनुद्रुतः (sa pratasthe'ri- nāśāya harisainyairanudrutaḥ) R.12.67.

2) A camp.

Derivable forms: sainyaḥ (सैन्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainya (सैन्य).—n.

(-nyaṃ) An army. m.

(-nyaḥ) 1. A soldier under arms, one drawn up in array. 2. A guard, a sentinel. E. senā an army, ṇya or ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainya (सैन्य).—i. e. senā + ya, I. m. 1. A soldier, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 216. 2. A guard. Ii. n. An army, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 79.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainya (सैन्य).—[adjective] relating to an army; [masculine] soldier, [neuter] army (also [masculine]), camp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śainya (शैन्य):—[from śaineya] m. a [patronymic] [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] [plural] the descendants of Śini (who became Brāhmans, though originally of the Kṣatriya race), [Purāṇa]

3) Sainya (सैन्य):—[from sainaka] mfn. belonging to or proceeding from an army, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a soldier ([plural] ‘troops’), [Rāmāyaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. an army, [Mahābhārata; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

6) [v.s. ...] a sentinel, guard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a body of troops, army, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] a camp, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sainya (सैन्य):—(nyaṃ) 1. n. An army. m. A soldier, a sentinel.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sainya (सैन्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saiṇṇa, Sinna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shainya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shainya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sainya (सैन्य) [Also spelled sainy]:—(a) military, pertaining to army; ~[nāyaka/pati/pāla] a commander; —[bala/śakti] armament, military might; ~[mukha] a vanguard; ~[vāda] militarism; ~[vādī] a militarist; militaristic; —[sajjā] armed equipment; war-preparation.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sainya (ಸೈನ್ಯ):—[noun] a large organised body of soldiers for waging war (on land, in air and on sea).

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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