by Kushal Kalita | 2018 | 74,766 words | ISBN-13: 9788171103058
This page relates ‘Vrishni Dynasty’ of the English study on the Matsya-purana: a Sanskrit text preserving ancient Indian traditions and legends written in over 14,000 metrical verses. In this study, the background and content of the Matsyapurana is outlined against the cultural history of ancient India in terms of religion, politics, geography and architectural aspects. It shows how the encyclopedic character causes the text to deal with almost all the aspects of human civilization.
Vṛṣṇi, the son of Sātvata had two wives Gāndhārī and Mādrī. From Gāndhārī Vṛṣṇi begot a son named Sumitra. Mādrī on the other hand had five sons named Yudhājit, Devamīḍhuṣa, Anamitra, Śibi, Kṛtalakṣaṇa. Anamitra had a son named Nighna. Nighna had two sons-Prasena and Śaktisena. Satrajita had one hundred one sons from his ten wives who were all daughters of king Kaikeya. Bhaṅgakara was the eldest son of Satrajita.
Anamitra, the youngest son of Vṛṣṇi was succeeded by his son Śini. Śini had a son named Satyaka. Satyaka had a son named Sātyaki. Satyavāna and Yuyudhāna are the sons of Sātyaki. Asaṅga was the son of Yuyudhāna. Asaṅga begot a son named Dyuyi. Dyuyi was blessed with a son named Yugandhara.
From his wife Pṛthvī, Anamitra begot sons like Yudhājit, Vṛṣabha and Kṣatra. Among these three Vṛṣabha was the father of Jayanta. Jayanta begot a son Akrūra by name. He married to Ratnā from whom he begot eleven sons. The eleven sons were Upalambha, Sadālambha, Vṛkala, Vīryya, Savītara (Śini), Sadāpakṣa, Śatrughna, Vārimejaya, Dharmabit, Dharmavarmā and Dhṛṣṭamāna. He had other two sons Devavāna and Upadeva from another wife Ugrasenā. From wife Aśvinī, he begot the sons Akrūra, Pṛthu, Vipṛthu, Aśvatthāmā, Subāhu, Supārśvaka, Gaveṣaṇa, Vṛṣṭinemi, Sudharmā, Śaryāti, Abhūmi, Vajrabhūmi, Śramiṣṭha and Śravaṇa.
Devamīḍhuṣa married Aikṣvākī and from her he begot a son named Śūra. Śūra had ten sons viz., Vasudeva (Ānakadandubhi), Devamārga, Devāśravā, Anādhṛṣṭi, Śini, Nanda, Sṛñjaya, Śyāma, Śamīka, Saṃyūpa.
Vasudeva from his wife Rohiṇī begot sons by name Rāma, Sāraṇa, Durddama, Damanam, Subhru, Piṇḍāraka and Mahāhanu. Vasudeva from his wife Devakī begot sons viz., Śaurī, Suṣeṇa, Kīrtimāna, Udāsī, Bhadraseṇa, Ṛṣivāsa and Bhadravideha. They all were killed by the King Kaṃsa. From Devaki’s womb Śrikṛṣṇa took birth. After Kṛṣṇa, Devakī gave birth to Śubhadrā. Sahadeva, Upāsangadhara are also the sons of Vasudeva from his wife Tamra. From Upādevī, Vasudeva begot Rocamāna, Vijaya and Devala. Again Vasudeva from his wife Vṛkṣadevī begot Mahatmā, Avagāha and Nandaka. He had also a son named Kauśika from his wife who is from Vaisya clan. From his wife Sutanu he begot Paṇḍra and from Ratharājī he begot Kapila.123
King Nandana had two sons Tantipāla and Tantī. Virāja, Dhanu, Śyāma and Sṛñjaya are the four valorous sons of Samīka. It is said that Śrīkṛṣṇa had sixteen thousand wives and hundreds of thousands sons. Kṛṣṇa begot sons Cārudeṣña, Pradyumna, Sucāru, Bhadracāru, Sudeṣña, Bhadra, Paraśu, Chārugupta, Cārubhadra, Sucāruka, Cāruhasa and a daughter Cārumatī. From his wife Satyabhāmā he begot four sons viz., Rohita, Dīptimāna, Tāmracakra and Jalandhama. Kṛṣṇa begot Cārudeṣṇa and Sāmba from his wife Jāmbavatī.128
Footnotes and references:
Ibid., 47.15-16 128Ibid., 46.26