Shaunaka, Śaunaka, Saunaka: 18 definitions


Shaunaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaunaka can be transliterated into English as Saunaka or Shaunaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Śaunaka (शौनक).—One of the chief sages (ṛṣi) at the conclave of sages gathered at the forest of Naimiṣāraṇya when Sūta Gosvāmī spoke Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Śaunaka (शौनक) refers to “the head of the great sages at Naimisāraṇya who were present when Śrīla Sūta Gosvāmī spoke Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam to Parīkṣit Mahārāja”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shaunaka in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Śaunaka (शौनक):—Son of Śunaka (son of Gṛtsamada). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.1-3)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śaunaka (शौनक) was the chief of the sages at the great sacrifice in Naimiṣa forest to whom the Mahābhārata and the Purāṇas were recited by the Sūta in the reign of Adhisīmakṛṣṇa, the great-grandson of Janamejaya and the sixth in generation from Arjuna in the Paurava line.—Vāyu-purāṇa 1.12; 99, 255-8; Padma-purāṇa 1.1.19.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śaunaka (शौनक).—General. A renowned ācārya. He is believed to be the author of the famous works—"Ṛgveda Anukramaṇī", "Āraṇyakam", "Ṛkprātiśākhya", etc. (See full article at Story of Śaunaka from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Śaunaka (शौनक).—A Brāhmaṇa who went to the forest with Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śaunaka (शौनक).—A son of Śunaka; a great sage of the Ṛg Veda school. A kulapati; addressed Sūta as to the circumstances of the composition of the bhāgavata purāṇa;1 had his residence in Naimiṣālaya; taught knowledge of astra and kriyā to Śatānīka;2 a pupil of Pathya; divided the Atharva Samhitā between his two disciples Babhra and Saindhavāyana.3 A Kṣatropetadvija; four castes were formed under him;4 a mantrakṛt and a madhyamādhvaryu;5 asked Vaiśampāyana for a śānti ritual;6 initiated Śatānīka into ātmajñāna.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 3; I. 1. 4; 4. 1-13; Matsya-purāṇa 1. 5; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 24.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 4. 43; IX. 22. 38; Matsya-purāṇa 25. 3; 43. 1-2; Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 19; 106. 39.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 59-60; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 52-3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 11-12.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 4. 66. 88; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 4-5.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 106; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 100; 244. 3.
  • 6) Ib. 93. 1.
  • 7) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 4.

1b) Of Bhārgava gotra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 18.

1c) One of the eighteen teachers of the vāstu śāstra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 252. 3.

1d) A son of Gṛtasamada; a propagator of varṇa dharma.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 6.

1e) A branch of the Bhārgavas; Kṣatropeta dvijas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 100; 67. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 6.

2) Saunaka (सौनक).—A Bhārgava gotra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 96.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Śaunaka (शौनक) the name of a Sage and devotee of Śiva, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—It states that once some great sages Śaunaka and others, who were all devotees of Śiva, were performing a long continued sacrifice for the pleasure of this deity in the Naimiṣa forest. In the meantime Sūta Romaharṣaṇa came there.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Śaunaka (शौनक).—A great ancient Vedic scholar who is believed to have written the Rk. Pratisakhya, which is said to be common for the two main branches of the Rgveda but which at present represents, in fact, all the different branches of the Rgveda.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Bharatiya vastu-sastra

Śaunaka (शौनक) is the name of an ancient teacher (ācārya) of Vāstuśāsta (science of architecture) according to the Matsyapurāṇa.—All these great teachers cannot be said to be legendary. Some used to be propagated in ancient India. No nation can flourish without its care for its material prosperity. All this technique and training and their systematic and successful teaching and transmission were of equal importance. Most of the treatises of Vāstuśāstra carry many of these names [i.e., Śaunaka], yet a good many of them are quoted as authorities, yet still others are honoured with actual passages being quoted from their works.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Shaunaka (शौनक) is the name applied to teachers, and to a Shakha of the Atharvaveda. It is especially the name of a celebrated Sanskrit grammarian, author of the Ṛgveda-Prātiśākhya, the Bṛhaddevatā, the Caraṇa-vyūha and six Anukramaṇīs (indices) to the Rigveda. He is claimed as the teacher of Katyayana and especially of Ashvalayana, and is said to have united the Bashkala and Shakala Shakhas of the Rigveda. In legend, he is sometimes identified with Gritsamada, a Vedic Rishi. According to the Vishnu Purana, Shaunaka was the son of Gritsamada, and invented the system of the four levels of human life.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaunaka (शौनक).—Name of a great sage, the reputed author of the Ṛgveda Prātiśākhya and various other Vedic compositions.

Derivable forms: śaunakaḥ (शौनकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaunaka (शौनक).—m.

(-kaḥ) The name of an inspired legislator older than Manu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaunaka (शौनक).—m. A proper name, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaunaka (शौनक).—[masculine] patron. of a celebrated grammarian; [plural] his descendants or followers, [feminine] ī his work.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śaunaka (शौनक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted in Āśvalāyanaśrautasūtra 12, 8, 35. 10, 2. 15, 14, in Atharvaprātiśākhya 1, 8, in Vājasaneyiprātiśākhya 4, 119. A number of tracts, chiefly vedical, are quite at random attributed to him: Anuvākānukramaṇī. Āyuṣyahomapaddhati. Ārṣānukramaṇī. Ugrarathaśāntiprayoga. Udakaśāntipratisarabandhaprayoga. Upalekhavṛtti. Ṛgvidhāna. Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya. Ṛṣichandonukramaṇikā. Ekadaṇḍisaṃnyāsavidhi. Caturādhyāyikā Av. Jīvacchrāddhaprayoga. Nāgabali. Pavamānahomavidhi. Pādānukramaṇī. Punarādhānadhāryāgnihotraprayoga. Bṛhaddevatā. Vāstuśāntiprayoga. Vivāhapaṭala. Viṣṇudharma. Śānti. Saṃnyāsavidhi. See Ekadaṇḍisaṃnyāsavidhi. Sūktānukramaṇī. Somotpattipariśiṣṭa.

2) Śaunaka (शौनक):—Putrapratigrahaprayoga [dharma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaunaka (शौनक):—m. ([patronymic] [from] śunaka [gana] bidādi) Name of various authors and teachers (also with Indrôta and Svaidāyana; [especially] of the celebrated grammarian, author of the Ṛg-veda Prātiśākhya, the Bṛhad-devatā, and various other works; he is described as the teacher of Kātyāyana and especially of Āśvalāyana; he is said to have united the Bāṣkala and Śākala Śākhās, and is sometimes identified with the Vedic Ṛṣi Gṛtsa-mada; but according to the Viṣṇu-Purāṇa, Ś° was a son of Gṛtsamada, and originated the system of four castes; he is quoted in [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya] and, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]; the various legends about him are very confused), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [plural] the descendants and pupils of Ś°, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaunaka (शौनक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Name of an inspired legislator before Manu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shaunaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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