Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 2.41.5

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

राजा॑ना॒वन॑भिद्रुहा ध्रु॒वे सद॑स्युत्त॒मे । स॒हस्र॑स्थूण आसाते ॥
राजानावनभिद्रुहा ध्रुवे सदस्युत्तमे । सहस्रस्थूण आसाते ॥
rājānāv anabhidruhā dhruve sadasy uttame | sahasrasthūṇa āsāte ||

English translation:

“Sovereigns, exercising no oppression, sit down in this substantial and elegant hall, (built) with a thousand columns.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitrāvaruṇau ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

राजा॑नौ । अन॑भिऽद्रुहा । ध्रु॒वे । सद॑सि । उ॒त्ऽत॒मे । स॒हस्र॑ऽस्थूणे । आ॒सा॒ते॒ इति॑ ॥
राजानौ । अनभिद्रुहा । ध्रुवे । सदसि । उत्तमे । सहस्रस्थूणे । आसाते इति ॥
rājānau | anabhi-druhā | dhruve | sadasi | ut-tame | sahasra-sthūṇe | āsāteiti

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.41.5 English analysis of grammar]

rājānāv < rājānau < rājan

[noun], nominative, dual, masculine

“king; Kshatriya; rājan [word]; best; rājāvarta; Yakṣa.”

anabhidruhā < an

[adverb]

“not.”

anabhidruhā < abhidruhā < abhidruh

[noun], nominative, dual, masculine

“despicable.”

dhruve < dhruva

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“certain; fixed; permanent; changeless; firm; safe; resident; immovable; fixed; fixed; vital; faithful.”

sadasy < sadasi < sadas

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“mansion; assembly; seat; seat.”

uttame < uttama

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“best; excellent; highest; better; extreme; last; first; topmost; chief(a); higher; highest; maximal; uttama [word]; prevailing; finest.”

sahasrasthūṇa < sahasra

[noun], neuter

“thousand; one-thousandth; sahasra [word].”

sahasrasthūṇa < sthūṇe < sthūṇa

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“Sthūṇakarṇa.”

āsāte < ās

[verb], dual, Present indikative

“sit; stay; sit down; dwell; lie; lie; exist.”

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