Shatrumardana, aka: Śatrumardana, Shatru-mardana; 4 Definition(s)
Shatrumardana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śatrumardana can be transliterated into English as Satrumardana or Shatrumardana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Śatrumardana (शत्रुमर्दन) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The śatrumardana-maṇḍapa is to be built with 34 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.
Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., śatrumardana) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”Source: Wisdom Library: Purāṇas
Śatrumardana (शत्रुमर्दन).—The third son of King Ṛtadhvaja by his wife Madālasā. (Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa, Chapter 23, Verse 26).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Katha (narrative stories)
Śatrumardana (शत्रुमर्दन) is the name of an elephant, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly, “... the next day the King Prithvīrūpa mounted an elephant named Śatrumardana, and going on, entered that forest. And as he was slowly proceeding he beheld his army, which was marching in front of him, suddenly fleeing”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śatrumardana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Languages of India and abroad
1) an epithet of Śatrughna.
2) a kind of pavilion.
Derivable forms: śatrumardanaḥ (शत्रुमर्दनः).
Śatrumardana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śatru and mardana (मर्दन).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 78 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Ajātaśatru (अजातशत्रु).—m. (-truḥ) A name of Yudhisht'Hir. E. ajāta unborn, and śatru an enemy,...
Śatrughna (शत्रुघ्न).—mfn. (-ghnaḥ-ghnī-ghnaṃ) Killing a foe. m. (-ghnaḥ) The second brother of...
Mardana (मर्दन) is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against...
Śatru (शत्रु).—[śad-trun Uṇ.4.13]1) An overthrower, a destroyer, conqueror.2) An enemy, a foe, ...
Jitaśatru (जितशत्रु).—mfn. (-truḥ-truḥ-tru) Victorious, triumphant. m. (-truḥ) The father Ajita...
Arimardana (अरिमर्दन).—n. of two former Buddhas: Mv i.137.4; 139.8 (here v.l. avi°).
Śatrusaha (शत्रुसह).—mfn. (-haḥ-hā-haṃ) Bearing or patient with an enemy. E. śatru, sah to bear...
Apatyaśatru (अपत्यशत्रु).—m. (-truḥ) A crab. E. apatya offspring, and śatru an enemy. The crab ...
Śatrupakṣa (शत्रुपक्ष).—m. (-kṣaḥ) An antagonist, an enemy. E. śatru and pakṣa side or part.
Suraśatru (सुरशत्रु).—m. (-truḥ) An Asur, an infernal spirit. E. sura a deity, śatru an enemy.
Vṛṣaśatru (वृषशत्रु).—m. (-truḥ) Krishna. E. vṛṣa Karna, and śatru the enemy.
Indraśatru (इन्द्रशत्रु).—1) an enemy or destroyer of Indra (when the accent is on the last syl...
Śatrunibarhaṇa (शत्रुनिबर्हण).—a. subduing, overpowering, or destroying enemies. Śatrunibarhaṇa...
Abhūtaśatru (अभूतशत्रु).—a. having no enemy.Abhūtaśatru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of th...
Āreśatru (आरेशत्रु).—a. one whose enemies are driven far away; आरेशत्रुं कृणुहि सर्ववरिम् (āreś...
Search found 3 books and stories containing Shatrumardana, Śatrumardana or Shatru-mardana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)