Shatrumardana, Śatrumardana, Shatru-mardana: 6 definitions

Introduction

Shatrumardana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śatrumardana can be transliterated into English as Satrumardana or Shatrumardana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatrumardana in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Purāṇas

Śatrumardana (शत्रुमर्दन) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The śatrumardana-maṇḍapa is to be built with 34 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.

Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., śatrumardana) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śatrumardana (शत्रुमर्दन).—The third son of King Ṛtadhvaja by his wife Madālasā. (Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa, Chapter 23, Verse 26).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatrumardana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śatrumardana (शत्रुमर्दन) is the name of an elephant, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly, “... the next day the King Prithvīrūpa mounted an elephant named Śatrumardana, and going on, entered that forest. And as he was slowly proceeding he beheld his army, which was marching in front of him, suddenly fleeing”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śatrumardana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatrumardana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śatrumardana (शत्रुमर्दन).—

1) an epithet of Śatrughna.

2) a kind of pavilion.

Derivable forms: śatrumardanaḥ (शत्रुमर्दनः).

Śatrumardana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śatru and mardana (मर्दन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatrumardana (शत्रुमर्दन):—[=śatru-mardana] [from śatru] mfn. crushing or destroying en°, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of pavilion, [Vāstuvidyā]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Daśa-ratha (= śatru-ghna), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kuvalayāśva, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a king of Videha, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] of an elephant, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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