Divyadesha, Divyadeśa, Divya-desha: 1 definition
Divyadesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Divyadeśa can be transliterated into English as Divyadesa or Divyadesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Acta Orientalia vol. 74 (2013): Historical sequence of the Vaiṣṇava Divyadeśas
Divyadeśa (दिव्यदेश) or Divyasthala refers to sacred base in Vaiṣṇavism.—Tradition would record the Vaiṣṇava divyadeśas or divyasthalas are 108. The divyadeśa is a base of the cult of Viṣṇu in Viṣṇuism [Vaiṣṇavism] tradition. The list of 108 seems to have reached maturation by about the early 9th century CE as all the deśas are extolled in the hymns of the twelve Āḻvārs.
The 108 [divyadeśas] are brought under six or seven topographical segments of the Indian subcontinent under:—
- Malaināṭu or Cēranāṭu (Hill Country, Kerala, cf. Keralaputra in Aśoka’s Edicts; 3rd century BCE),
- Pāṇḍināṭu (Tamil Lexicon method: Pāṇṭināṭu, south of the River Kāviri),
- Cōḻanāṭu (the Kāviri delta),
- Naṭunāṭu (intermediary region that falls in between Cōḻanāṭu and Toṇṭaināṭu),
- Toṇṭaināṭu (northern Tamilnāṭu),
- Vaṭanāṭu (northern country, meaning North India),
- Those [divyadeśas] in the heaven.
Note: Divyadeśa in Vaiṣṇava tradition corresponds to the Śaiva tiruttalams.—Based on the first-hand materials derived from the Vaiṣṇava canon, Nālāyirativviyapirapantam, it presents the historical sequence of the evolution of the 108 divyadeśas. The earliest of these had their origin by about the 4th-5th century CE and reached maturation by about the early half of the 9th century CE. The stages of evolution are ear-marked. However, what the Vaiṣṇava mystics, the Āḻvārs, saw during the centuries down to the 9th are not the kṣetras (sacred space of the temple) or sthalas (sacred venues) that we find today. The temples had undergone spectacular changes through the centuries as could be proved with case studies of either Vēṅkaṭam or Allikkēṇi.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+258): Vehka, Velliyankuti, Putkuli, Vallaval, Naraiyur, Kulantai, Tankal, Katkarai, Talaiccankananmatiyam, Civaramankai, Nandaprayaga, Varanvilai, Pandinatu, Malainatu, Vanpurutottamam, Pavalavannam, Kannankuti, Puliyur, Parttanpalli, Cittirakutam.
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