Shaligrama, Śāligrāma, Shali-grama: 5 definitions



Shaligrama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāligrāma can be transliterated into English as Saligrama or Shaligrama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shaligrama in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Śāligrāma (शालिग्राम) refers to a type of stone used for the worship of Viṣṇu, according to the Skandapurāṇa 6.1.243.—Accordingly, “[...] Enjoyment of pleasures (and salvation) cannot be far from those men who always worship Viṣṇu in Śāligrāma, the Lord marked by his discus (or Śāligrāma which is marked by discus). Whatever auspicious rite is performed (especially during Cāturmāsya) with the mind dwelling on Śāligrāma, shall be everlasting in its benefit. Salvation is not inaccessible to a man who has acquired association with both, viz. a Śāligrāma stone and a Dvārāvatī stone. [...]”.

There are twenty-four types of Śāligrāma stones mentioned in the succeeding chapter:

  1. Keśava,
  2. Madhusūdana,
  3. Saṅkarṣaṇa,
  4. Dāmodara,
  5. Vāsudeva,
  6. Pradyumna,
  7. Viṣṇu,
  8. Mādhava,
  9. Anantamūrti,
  10. Puruṣottama,
  11. Adhokṣaja,
  12. Janārdana,
  13. Govinda,
  14. Trivikrama,
  15. Śrīdhara,
  16. Hṛṣīkeśa,
  17. Nṛsiṃha,
  18. Viśvayoni,
  19. Vāmana,
  20. Nārāyaṇa,
  21. Puṇḍarīkākṣa,
  22. Upendra,
  23. Hari,
  24. Kṛṣṇa.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shaligrama in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Sāligrāma (सालिग्राम) is the name of an ancient village, according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Ajita narrated:—“[...] Not very far from this city is a large village granted to Brahmans, named Sāligrāma. There lived the head of the Brāhmans, named Dāmodara, and his wife Somā. They had a son Śuddhabhaṭṭa who married Sulakṣaṇā, the daughter of Siddhabhaṭṭa. Sulakṣaṇā and Śuddhabhaṭṭa grew up and enjoyed pleasures suitable to their position, as they liked. In course of time their parents died, and their fathers’ money also disappeared. Sometimes he would lie down at night, hungry in the midst of plenty”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shaligrama in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śāligrāma (शालिग्राम).—m (śāla S River, and grāvā S Stone.) A black stone found in the river gaṇḍakī and worshiped as sacred to Vishn̤u. 2 fig. (Because it resembles this stone in shape.) A jocose name for the onion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śāligrāma (शालिग्राम).—m A blackstone found in the gaṇḍakī & worshipped as viṣṇu.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shaligrama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāligrāma (शालिग्राम).—(s. v. śālagrāmaḥ above); शालिग्रामशिलानां च दानानां च निरूपणम् (śāligrāmaśilānāṃ ca dānānāṃ ca nirūpaṇam) Brav. P. ब्रह्मखण्ड (brahmakhaṇḍa) 1.28.

Derivable forms: śāligrāmaḥ (शालिग्रामः).

Śāligrāma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śāli and grāma (ग्राम).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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