Shaddarshana, Ṣaḍdarśana: 9 definitions
Shaddarshana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Ṣaḍdarśana can be transliterated into English as Saddarsana or Shaddarshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Ṣaḍdarśana (षड्दर्शन).—Brāhmam, Śaivam, Vaiṣṇavam, Sauram, Śāktam and Ārhatam.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 16.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vedanta (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study
Ṣaḍdarśana (षड्दर्शन) refers to “six views” or “six insights”.—Six classical philosophies distinguished among hundreds of Hindu darśanas known through history. Each was tersely formulated in sūtra form by its “founder” and elaborated in extensive commentaries by others. Elements of each form part of Hindu fabric today.
The six ṣaḍdarśanas are:—
- Nyāya: “system, rule; logic”;
- Vaiśeṣika: “differentiation” from viśeṣa, “differences”;
- Sānkya: “enumeration, reckoning”;
- Yoga: “yoking; joining”;
- Mīmāṃsa: “inquiry”;
- Vedānta: “end (or culmination) of the Vedās.
Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Ṣaḍdarśana (षड्दर्शन) refers to the “six traditions” (attained by Siddhas in six previous lives), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Realisation requires seven lifetimes. From this perspective, the ‘paścimāmnāya’ is the ‘last’ and ‘final’ teaching one attains in the seventh rebirth. This takes place when the highest realisation attained by Kaula practice rises to its climax in the Śambhava state. The Siddhas attain this state once they have achieved the highest state of the previous six traditions progressively, in six previous lives. These are the ‘six systems’ (ṣaḍidarśana), which arranged in a series of progressively upward unions (uparyupariyoga), culminate in the experience corresponding to the basic state of the following principles:
The Six traditions (ṣaḍdarśana) are:
- Buddhism—the intellect,
- Jainism—the three qualities (guṇa) of Nature,
- Bhaṭṭa (i.e. Veda)—Fundamental Nature (pradhāna),
- Śaivas—Supreme Śiva.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
India history and geographySource: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (history)
Ṣaḍdarśana (षड्दर्शन) refers to a “group of six philosophical systems”.—Darśana may also be used to denote a particular phase of a religion as in the expression ‘vaidikadarśana’. Accordingly, the Buddhists, Jains, Vedikas (bhaṭṭa), Sauras, Vaiṣṇavas and Śaivas constitute a group of six ‘darśanas’ (ṣaḍdarśana), recalling the standard set of six philosophical systems (ṣaḍdarśana). In this context, it is quite clear that the religion of the Buddhists and the rest is meant, rather than the philosophy or the theology of the corresponding theistic religious traditions.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naṃ) The six systems of philosophy taken together.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ṣaḍdarśana (षड्दर्शन).—1. [neuter] the six philosophical systems.
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Ṣaḍdarśana (षड्दर्शन).—2. [adjective] familiar with the six philosophical systems.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Ṣaḍdarśana (षड्दर्शन):—[=ṣaḍ-darśana] [from ṣaḍ > ṣaṣ] n. the six systems of philosophy, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha] ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 46])
2) [v.s. ...] mfn. one who is versed in the six systems of ph°, [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Ṣaḍdarśana (ಷಡ್ದರ್ಶನ):—[noun] the six principal schools of Indian philosophy.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Shaddarshanacandrika, Shaddarshanasamgraha, Shaddarshanasamgrahavritti, Shaddarshanasamkshepa, Shaddarshanasamuccaya, Shaddarshanasiddhantasamgraha, Shaddarshanavicara, Shaddarshanaviveka, Shaddarshanavritti, Shattarshanam.
Ends with: Ishaddarshana.
Full-text: Shaddarshanasamuccaya, Shaddarshanavicara, Shaddarshanasamkshepa, Shaddarshanaviveka, Shaddarshanavritti, Shaddarshanasamgrahavritti, Shaddarshanasiddhantasamgraha, Shaddarshanacandrika, Shattarshanam, Shadudarshana, Shadudarushana, Tarkarahasyadipika, Vaisheshikadishaddarshanavisheshavarnana, Astika, Upanishad, Upariyoga, Uparyupari, Upari, Uparyupariyoga.
Search found 14 books and stories containing Shaddarshana, Ṣaḍ-darśana, Sad-darsana, Ṣaḍdarśana, Saddarsana, Ṣaṣ-darśana, Sas-darsana, Shad-darshana, Shash-darshana; (plurals include: Shaddarshanas, darśanas, darsanas, Ṣaḍdarśanas, Saddarsanas, darshanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Anumana in Indian Philosophy (by Sangita Chakravarty)
Yoga-sutras (Ancient and Modern Interpretations) (by Makarand Gopal Newalkar)
Consciousness in Gaudapada’s Mandukya-karika (by V. Sujata Raju)
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
The validity of Anumana (inference) in Nyaya system (by Babu C. D)
Lakulisha-Pashupata (Philosophy and Practice) (by Geetika Kaw Kher)
Kusika and the Ascetic Aspirants: Early form of Lakulisa-Pasupata order < [Chapter 2 - Spread and Transition]
History of Lakulisa-Pasupata order < [Chapter 1 - The Historical Context]