Sataka, Sātaka, Sāṭaka, Shataka, Śāṭaka: 18 definitions


Sataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāṭaka can be transliterated into English as Sataka or Shataka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shatak.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Śāṭaka (शाटक) refers to a “silk saree” (a typical Indian women’s garment), which is mentioned as an item of wealth in order to demonstrate the wicked nature of gambling (durodara), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17.—Accordingly, “[...] O mistress! where is that gambling rogue of a son, Guṇanidhi? Or let it be. Why should I ask for him? [...] Where is your silk saree (śāṭaka) red like madder (māñjiṣṭha) which I had presented to you and which used to hang down here in the house always? Tell me the truth. Do not be afraid. [...]”.

2) Śataka (शतक) [=śata?] refers to a “hundred (sons)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.34 (“The Story of Anaraṇya”).—Accordingly, as Vasiṣṭha said to Himavat (Himācala): “The king Anaraṇya hailed from the race of the fourteenth Manu Indrasāvarṇi. O Himavat, hundred sons were born to him and a beautiful daughter Padmā who was equal to Lakṣmī. O excellent mountain, he was more fond of his daughter than of his hundred sons (putra-śataka). He had five queens who were endowed with great qualities and fortunes and were loved by him over and above his life. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Ṣaṭaka (षटक) refers to “literally, ‘a group of six’”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Śataka (शतक) is the name of a Karmagrantha work by Devendrasūri dealing with the Karma section of Jain Canonical literature.—The Śataka (with Gujarati Bālāvabodha by Jayalabdhi Gaṇinī) is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Because of the poor condition of the manuscript, several parts of text at the edges are missing. The commentary is not interlinear. It follows each prakrit verse in turn, often starting with gā°. The last verse of the work has been commented upon, but the verse itself could not be traced in the manuscript

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sataka : (nt.) group of a hundred. || sāṭaka (m.), a clothe; a cloak.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sātaka, name of a kind of bird J. VI, 539 (koṭṭhapokkhara-°, cp. 540); SnA 359 (id.). (Page 703)

— or —

Sataka, (nt.) (cp. BSk. śataka) a hundred, collection of 100 J. I, 74. (Page 672)

— or —

Sāṭaka, (sāṭa+ka) an outer garment, cloak; cloth ThA. 246; J. I, 89, 138, 195, 373, 426; Vism. 54 (sāṇa°), 275 (alla°); DhA. I, 393 (thūla°). Cp. antara°, alaṃ°.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śataka (शतक).—n (S) An aggregate of a hundred, a century or a cento.

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ṣaṭaka (षटक).—n S An aggregate of six.

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saṭakā (सटका).—m (saṭa!) Properly jhaṭakā q v. A jerk or fling out (of hand or foot or a cloth). v māra, dē, basa. 2 A smart slash, gash, cut, or stroke (with an edged instrument). v māra, dē, basa.

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satakā (सतका).—m A thing offered or devoted for. See sadakā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṭakā (सटका).—m A smart slash, cut, stroke. v māra, dē, basa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śataka (शतक).—a.

1) A hundred.

2) Containing a hundred.

-kam 1 A century.

2) A collection of one hundred stanzas; as in नीति°, वैराग्य°, शृङ्गार° (nīti°, vairāgya°, śṛṅgāra°) 'a collection of one hundred stanzas on Nīti' &c.

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Śāṭaka (शाटक).—Cloth, garment, petticoat; रक्तोऽभिजायते भोग्यो नारीणां शाटको यथा (rakto'bhijāyate bhogyo nārīṇāṃ śāṭako yathā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.144.

Derivable forms: śāṭakaḥ (शाटकः), śāṭakam (शाटकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śataka (शतक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) A hundred. m.

(-kaḥ) A century, a cento, a collection of one hundred stanzas, &c. E. śata a hundred, lan aff.

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Śāṭaka (शाटक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) A pettieoat. E. śaṭ to go, (round the limbs,) ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śataka (शतक).—[śata + ka], I. adj. Hundred. Ii. (m.?), n. A century, a collection of a hundred stanzas, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] title.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śataka (शतक).—[feminine] śatikā consisting of hundred or the hundredth; [neuter] a hundred.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śataka (शतक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—kāvya, by Nāgarāja q. v.

2) Śataka (शतक):—(a vague title) by Paṇḍitarāja i. e. Jagannātha. B. 2, 92. 102.

3) Śataka (शतक):—by Bhartṛhari. See Bhartṛhariśataka.

4) Śataka (शतक):—[dharma] by Vaidyanātha Dīkṣita. Oppert. 2257.
—[commentary] 814.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śataka (शतक):—[from śata] mf(ikā)n. consisting of a hundred, comprising or amounting to a h°, [Harivaṃśa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] the hundredth, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [from śata] n. a hundred, a century (construed like śata), [Mahābhārata etc.] ([especially] in titles of works ‘a cento’ or ‘a collection of 100 stanzas’; cf. amaru-, nīti-ś etc.)

5) Śāṭaka (शाटक):—[from śāṭa] m. n. = śāṭa, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

6) Śātaka (शातक):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] ([varia lectio])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śataka (शतक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a. Idem. m.] A century; a cento, collection of 100 stanzas.

2) Śāṭaka (शाटक):—[(kaḥ-kaṃ)] 1. m. n. A petticoat.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śataka (शतक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sayaya, Sāḍaa, Sāḍaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sataka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śataka (शतक) [Also spelled shatak]:—(nm) a century, one hundred; —[banānā] to score a century.

2) Saṭāka (सटाक):—(nm) the cracking of a whip or thin stick; —[se] with a cracking noise; instantly.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śataka (ಶತಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಶತ [shata]2.

2) [noun] a period of one hundred years; a century.

3) [noun] a poetical composition having one hundred (or one hundred and eight) verses.

4) [noun] in cricket, one hundred runs scored by a batsman.

5) [noun] any achievement similar to it.

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Śāṭaka (ಶಾಟಕ):—[noun] = ಶಾಟ [shata]1.

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Saṭaka (ಸಟಕ):—[noun] = ಸಟ್ಟುಗ [sattuga]1.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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