Sarupa, aka: Sarūpa, Sarūpā; 9 Definition(s)


Sarupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Sarūpa (सरूप):—Second of the four types of consciousness according to Śaiva tradition. Sarūpa is the stage where one gives up idol worship and does not differentiate himself from god. These four stages of consciousness eventually lead to kaivalya.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sarupa in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sarūpā (सरूपा).—A wife of Bhūta; brought forth innumerable Rudras.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 17-18.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Sarūpa (सरूप).—Having the same form for practical purposes such as the form आ (ā) possessed by टाप्, डाप् (ṭāp, ḍāp) and चाप् (cāp) or the form अ (a) possessed by the affixes अण्, अच्, घ, क, ण (aṇ, ac, gha, ka, ṇa) and others;

2) Sarūpa.—Having the same form even literally, but possessed of different senses; e. g the words माष, अक्ष, पाद (māṣa, akṣa, pāda) etc. समानानामेकशेष इत्युच्यमाने यत्र सर्वं समानं शब्दोर्थश्च तत्रैव स्यात् । वृक्षाः प्लक्षाः इति (samānānāmekaśeṣa ityucyamāne yatra sarvaṃ samānaṃ śabdorthaśca tatraiva syāt | vṛkṣāḥ plakṣāḥ iti) | इह न स्यात् । अक्षाः पादाः माषाः इति । रूपग्रहणे पुनः क्रियमाणे न दोषो भवति । (iha na syāt | akṣāḥ pādāḥ māṣāḥ iti | rūpagrahaṇe punaḥ kriyamāṇe na doṣo bhavati |) M. Bh. on P. I. 2.64.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Sarūpa (सरूप) refers to a class of yakṣa deities according to Digambara while the Śvetāmbara tradition does not reccognize this class. The yakṣas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas). The assigned color of yakṣas is black and their caitya-vṛkṣa (sacred tree) is the “banyan tree” (vaṭa).

The deities such as the Sarūpas are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sarupa in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sarūpa : (adj.) of the same form; having a form.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sarūpa, (adj.) (sa2+rūpa) 1. of the same form A. I, 162; Pug. 56.—2. (sa3+rūpa) having a body A. I, 83. (Page 698)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

sarūpa (सरूप).—a S Of the same appearance; like, similar, resembling. Note. This word is misused for svarūpa.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sarūpa (सरूप).—a Of the same appearance; like.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarūpa (सरूप).—a.

1) Having the same form.

2) Like, resembling, similar; R.6.59; प्रकृतिसरूपं विरूपं च (prakṛtisarūpaṃ virūpaṃ ca) Sāṅ. K.8.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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