Sambodhi: 10 definitions


Sambodhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sambodhi in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sambodhi (सम्बोधि) [=Sambodhya?] refers to “exhorting” (i.e., ‘persuading someone’), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.16 (“Brahmā consoles the gods”).—Accordingly, after Brahmā spoke to Tāraka: “After thus exhorting the demon [i.e., saṃbodhyāsuraityuktvāhaṃ ca saṃbodhyāsuraṃ taṃ] to leave off heaven I, the lord of all, remembered Śiva and Śivā and vanished from the scene”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

= bodhi.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Saṃbodhi (संबोधि) refers to “(complete) awakening”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Then a voice resounded from open space, saying: ‘The Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja has praised in verses the complete unsurpassable awakening (anuttara-samyañc-saṃbodhi) which has been fully accomplished by the Buddhas in uncountable hundreds, thousands, millions, billions of ages. However, these Bodhisattvas cannot see this [awakening] as object even in their dreams because of their attachment. Having heard this guiding principle of the dharma in verses, attained it and believe it, whoever will gradually attain the lion’s roar like that of Bodhisattva Gaganagañja’.”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Saṃbodhi (संबोधि) refers to “perfect enlightenment”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while explaining the body circle (kāyacakra)]: “[...] The maṇḍala should be visualized completely, as [it is] by itself a means for perfect enlightenment (saṃbodhi-kāraṇa). Again, he should emanate the one who has the appearance of the Causal Vajra[-holder]. The goddess, [who is] effective in all rituals and beast-faced, is brought near. Having drawn together the multitude of furious ones beforehand, he should remove obstacle demons. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sambodhi in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sambodhi, (f.) (saṃ+bodhi1) the same as sambodha, the highest enlightenment D. I, 156; II, 155; Dh. 89=S. V, 29; Sn. 478; S. I, 68, 181; A. II, 14; It. 28, 42, 117; SnA 73. See also sammā°.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃbodhi (संबोधि).—(m. or f.; compare prec. and foll. items; = Pali id.), perfect enlightenment: yāvat parama-°dhi-prāpto (so with mss.) Mahāvastu i.45.1 (prose), until he attained…; tathā- gato…pūrve (em.) °dhim anabhisaṃbuddho Mahāvastu ii.136.14 (prose) and ff., when he had not yet attained…; °dhi-mārga Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 15.6 (verse); °dhi-prāptasya Lalitavistara 35.9 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sambodhi (सम्बोधि):—[=sam-bodhi] [from sam-bodha > sam-budh] f. (with Buddhists) perfect knowledge or enlightenment, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 43] (dhy-aṅga n. an ‘integral part of perfect knowledge or enlightenment’ [Lalita-vistara])

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃbodhi (संबोधि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃbodhi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sambodhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Saṃbodhi (संबोधि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃbodhi.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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