Sakshi, Sākṣi, Sākṣī: 13 definitions


Sakshi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Sākṣi and Sākṣī can be transliterated into English as Saksi or Sakshi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: humindian: 108 names of Lord Krishna

One of the 108 names of Krishna; Meaning: "All Witnessing Lord"

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sākṣi (साक्षि).—Witness; the Devas as witnesses to piṇḍadāna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 110. 59 and 60.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Sākṣī (साक्षी, “witness”).—Sākṣī, or witness is that one, for which an object is presented. Prakrti presents her own manifestations, i.e. all the vyaktas to the puruṣa. But inspite of such presentation puruṣa remains niṣkriya (non-active) or apariṇāmi (non-modifiable). It remains indifferent to the prakṛti. So, puruṣa is witness (sākṣī).

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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Sākṣi (साक्षि):—A synonym of Ātmā. Withness to all actons.

2) Sākṣī (साक्षी):—Witness, a person who gives generalized or specialized, account against or in favour of a subjudice matter, under oath when summoned by the presiding court, i. e. witness.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Sākṣī (साक्षी) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment (cikitsā) of poison due to lizards (gaulikā), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—In the 12h adhyāya, Kāśyapasaṃhita adds external and internal antidotes for poisons of various animals [e.g., lizards (gṛha-gaulikā)] and insects. [...] Accordingly, “A mixture of Mūlapañcāṅga, Sākṣī, Kapittha, Arka, Bilva, Vyoṣa, two kinds of turmeric, Naktamālā and Pūtikā, cures the poison caused by lizard”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: A History of Indian Philosophy

According to Śaṅkara, (this) Brahman is the immediate consciousness (sākṣi) which shines as the self, as well as through the objects of cognition which the self knows. It is thus the essence of us all, the self, and hence it remains undenied even when one tries to deny it, for even in the denial it shows itself forth. It is the self of us all and is hence ever present to us in all our cognitions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sākṣī (साक्षी).—m (S sa & akṣi Eye.) An eye-witness: also a witness at law generally. 2 f witness, evidence, testimony (of deponents, documents, facts, circumstances &c.) Evidence in law is distinguished into kṛtasākṣī & akṛtasākṣī. Of kṛtasākṣī six distinctions are made; viz. likhita, smārita, yadṛcchāgata, gūḍhasākṣī, paḍasākṣī. Of akṛtasākṣī are made five distinctions; viz. gāṃva, prāḍ्vivāka, rājaniyukta, vādyānēṃ pāṭhavilēlā, and kuḷāgatīcyā vivādāviṣayīṃ kuḷāntalā. sākṣī ghālaṇēṃ To attest (a document). sākṣīniśīṃ With (attested by) evidence.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sakṣi (सक्षि).—dwell together with ([instrumental]).

Sakṣi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and kṣi (क्षि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sākṣi (साक्षि):—[from sākṣa] 1. sākṣi m. ([metri causa] for sākṣin, in lokaand samasta-s q.v.)

2) [v.s. ...] 2. sākṣi in [compound] for sākṣin.

3) Sākṣī (साक्षी):—[from sākṣa] in [compound] for sākṣa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sakshi in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sākṣī (साक्षी):—(nm) a witness, deponent; (nf) evidence, testimony; -[parīkṣā] cross examination of a witness; ~[bhūta] who has witnessed.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sakṣi (ಸಕ್ಷಿ):—[noun] = ಸಕ್ಕಿ [sakki].

--- OR ---

Sākṣi (ಸಾಕ್ಷಿ):—

1) [noun] the act of seeing, watching (directly).

2) [noun] a remembering, and giving a testimony for, a past event.

3) [noun] the act of providing a testimony as proof.

4) [noun] a declaration or statement made under oath or affirmation by a witness in a court to establish a fact; a testimony.

5) [noun] a person who saw or can give a firsthand account of, something; a witness.

6) [noun] (phil.) the inner being or spiritual substance that experiences the outside world.

7) [noun] the Supreme Being, which witnesses everything disinterestedly; ಸಾಕ್ಷಿಮಾಡು [sakshimadu] sākṣi māḍu to make a person a witness in a court of law, for a past event; ಸಾಕ್ಷಿಯಾಗು [sakshiyagu] sākṣiyāgu to witness an event; 2. to bear witness; to testify; to give or afford evidence; ಸಾಕ್ಷಿಹೇಳು [sakshihelu] sākṣi hēḷu to give a statement as an eyewitness to serve as evidence in a court of law; to testify; ಓತಿಕೇತನಿಗೆ ಬೇಲಿ ಸಾಕ್ಷಿ [otiketanige beli sakshi] ōtikētanige bēli sākṣi (prov.) one dishonest person certifying the integrity of another dishonest person.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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