Sabhaga, Sabhāga: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sabhaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sabhāga (सभाग, “similar cause”) refers to one of the six kinds of causes (hetu) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sabhaga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sabhāga : (adj.) common; being of the same division.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sabhāga, (adj.) (sa2+bhāga) common, being of the same division Vin. II, 75; like, equal, similar Miln. 79; s. āpatti a common offence, shared by all Vin. I, 126 sq.; vīthisabhāgena in street company, the whole street in common J. II, 45; opp. visabhāga unusual J. I, 303; different Vism. 516; Miln. 79.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sabhāga (सभाग).—(1) adj. (= Pali id., compare vi-sa°; sa- plus Sanskrit bhāga, [bahuvrīhi]), lit. of common lot, so like, equal, match- ing, belonging to the same category, often with gen., like to…: ye devaputrāḥ bodhisattvasya (in the Tuṣita heaven) °gāḥ samayānasaṃprasthitās Lalitavistara 13.13 (Tibetan skal ba mñam pa, like portion); similarly Lalitavistara 71.2; tasya vidusya °ga-carīye Bhadracarī 42, to a course like (that of) this Wise One; tasya ca prathamavijñānasya…anantarasa- bhāgā cittasaṃtatiḥ Śikṣāsamuccaya 253.5, immediately (or in suc- cession) similar to that former vijñāna; also (instead of gen.) with instr. and saha, (kalyāṇamitraiḥ saha…) sabhāga- kuśalamūlasaṃgrahaṇatayā Śikṣāsamuccaya 33.3, or prec. stem in composition, indriya-°gam indriyādhiṣṭhānaṃ Bodhisattvabhūmi 64.4; and without any formal expression of the thing resembled, sabhāga-mitra- Gaṇḍavyūha 110.19, like (perhaps congenial) friends; °ga-hetuḥ Mahāvyutpatti 2265 (Tibetan as on Lalitavistara 13.13), like, cor- responding cause, one of six hetavaḥ; Śālistambasūtra 87.19 = Śikṣāsamuccaya 226.12 (et alibi, see LaV-P. note 11 ad loc.), read (with Tibetan, on this word as on Lalitavistara 13.13) visadṛśāt sattvanikāyād dhi (some versions vi- for dhi) °gāḥ skandhā jātyantare 'bhinirvartante, for in another birth there come into existence like skandha (q.v.) from a different category of creatures; sabhāgaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 2126, and tat-sa° 2127, rendered in Tibetan (deḥi = tat-) bsten pa daṅ bcas pa, which seems to mean adhering (to that; i.e. member of a class ?); dṛṣṭir…°ga- karmapratipattihetuḥ Jātakamālā 153.9, one's creed is the cause of adoption of actions corresponding (to it); in [bahuvrīhi] [compound] sabhāga-carita, having similar conduct (to someone else's, gen.), °tā bodhisattvasya Lalitavistara 13.15; mama sabhāgacaritā bodhisattvāḥ Gaṇḍavyūha 104.11 (and similarly 9); similarly (with prec. gen.) Gaṇḍavyūha 528.18; (without gen.) sarva-°ga-carita- bodhisattva- Daśabhūmikasūtra 83.17; (2) subst. m. (or nt. ?), in nikāya- sabhāgaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 1991 = Tibetan rigs ḥthun pa, what is com- mon to a class or category; so also Chin. appears to inter- pret, common element in a class; in Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. ii.195—6 nikāya-sabhāga is equated with the abstract sabhāgatā (le ‘genre’, LaV-P.); nikāya-sabhāgasyāvedhaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 7004, here of the common factor in the category of living beings, sattva (Abhidharmakośa, l. c.), see āvedha; in Śikṣāsamuccaya 176.9 (read) sa nikāya-sabhāge devamanuṣyāṇāṃ priyo bhavati nirātaṅko dīrghāyuṣka iti, he, in the com- mon quality of his class, becomes beloved of gods and men, free from care (suffering), long-lived.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sabhāga (सभाग):—[=sa-bhāga] [from sa > sa-bhaktikam] a mfn. (for sabhā-ga See under sabhā) having a share (See [compound])

2) [v.s. ...] common, universal, [Buddhist literature]

3) [v.s. ...] corresponding, answering, [ib.]

4) [=sabhā-ga] [from sabhā] b mfn. (for sa-bhāga See above) going into an assembly or council, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad]

[Sanskrit to German]

Sabhaga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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