Hetupratyaya, Hetu-pratyaya: 3 definitions


Hetupratyaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Hetupratyaya in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Hetupratyaya (हेतुप्रत्यय) refers to the “twelve causes and conditions” (dvādaśa-hetupratyaya) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. The twelve causes and conditions (dvādaśa-hetupratyaya) are called gambhīradharma. Thus the Buddha said to Ānanda: “The twelve causes and conditions (or pratītya-samutpāda) are profound (gambhīra), difficult to probe (durvigāhya) and difficult to understand (duranubodha).”

2) Hetupratyaya (हेतुप्रत्यय) refers to the “causal condition” and represents one of the four kinds of pratyaya (conditions) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII).

According to chapter XLIX, the causal condition (hetupratyaya), is five causes (hetu):

  1. the associated cause (saṃprayuktaka-hetu),
  2. the simultaneous cause (sahabhū-hetu),
  3. the homogeneous cause (sabhāga-hetu),
  4. the universal cause (sarvatraga-hetu),
  5. the ripening cause (vipāka-hetu).

These five causes (hetu) are causal condition (hetupratyaya). Furthermore, all conditioned dharmas (saṃskṛtadharma) are also called causal condition (hetupratyaya).

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Hetupratyaya (हेतुप्रत्यय) refers to “causes and conditions”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja then sustained the jewel-canopy of ten thousand yojanas high over the Lord’s lion throne in the sky, joined the palms of his hands, saluted, and praised the Lord with these suitable verses: ‘[...] (8) All the dharmas are born from causes and conditions (hetupratyaya). Without any activity or intrinsic nature (asvabhāva), they are generated in thought-constructions (saṃkalpa). But still the Sugata, having known the mode (naya) of such dharmas, obtained the changeless (nirvikāra), peaceful (śānta), unsurpassable (anuttara) awakening. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hetupratyaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Hetupratyaya (हेतुप्रत्यय).—see s.v. pratyaya (1).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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