Hetupratyaya, aka: Hetu-pratyaya; 1 Definition(s)


Hetupratyaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Hetupratyaya in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [H] · next »

1) Hetupratyaya (हेतुप्रत्यय) refers to the “twelve causes and conditions” (dvādaśa-hetupratyaya) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. The twelve causes and conditions (dvādaśa-hetupratyaya) are called gambhīradharma. Thus the Buddha said to Ānanda: “The twelve causes and conditions (or pratītya-samutpāda) are profound (gambhīra), difficult to probe (durvigāhya) and difficult to understand (duranubodha).”

2) Hetupratyaya (हेतुप्रत्यय) refers to the “causal condition” and represents one of the four kinds of pratyaya (conditions) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII).

According to chapter XLIX, the causal condition (hetupratyaya), is five causes (hetu):

  1. the associated cause (saṃprayuktaka-hetu),
  2. the simultaneous cause (sahabhū-hetu),
  3. the homogeneous cause (sabhāga-hetu),
  4. the universal cause (sarvatraga-hetu),
  5. the ripening cause (vipāka-hetu).

These five causes (hetu) are causal condition (hetupratyaya). Furthermore, all conditioned dharmas (saṃskṛtadharma) are also called causal condition (hetupratyaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
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context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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