Nikaya, Nikāya, Nikâya: 19 definitions
Nikaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Nikay.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas
Nikaya means "body" or collection.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Nikāya (निकाय) refers to the “two assemblies (of gods)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, son of good family, is the recollection of gods (devānusmṛti), which is authorized by the Lord for Bodhisattvas? It is the recollection of two assemblies of gods (deva-nikāya). What are these two? The gods of the Pure Abode, and the Bodhisattvas hindered by only one birth, who dwell in the Tuṣita Heaven. In that the Bodhisattva recollects the gods of the Pure Abode. Further, the Bodhisattvas who are hindered by only one birth, and who dwell in the Tuṣita Heaven recollect ten qualities as the summit. What are those ten qualities?”
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism
Nikāya is a Pāḷi word and literally means "volume". It is similar to the Sanskrit word Agama meaning "basket". It is also used to mean "collection", "assemblage", "class" or "group" in both the Pāḷi and Sanskrit languages. It is most commonly used in reference to the Buddhist texts of the Sutta Piṭaka, but can also refer to the monastic divisions of Theravāda Buddhism. In addition, the term Nikāya schools is sometimes used in contemporary scholarship to refer to the early Buddhist schools, of which the Theravāda is one.
In the Theravāda canon (in particular, the "Discourse Basket" or Sutta Piṭaka) the meaning of nikāya is used to describe groupings of discourses. For example, the Sutta Piṭaka is broken up into five nikāyas:
- the Dīgha Nikāya, the collection of long (Pāḷi: dīgha) discourses
- the Majjhima Nikāya, the collection of middle-length (majjhima) discourses
- the Samyutta Nikāya, the collection of thematically linked (samyutta) discourses
- the Anguttara Nikāya, the "gradual collection" (discourses grouped by content enumerations)
- the Khuddaka Nikāya, the "minor collection"
Among the Theravāda nations of Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka, nikāya is also used as the term for a monastic division or lineage; these groupings are also sometimes called "monastic fraternities" or "frateries".
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Nikāya.—(EI 7), a religious corporation. (EI 18; LL), a Buddhist school or community; a frater- nity of Buddhist monks. Cf. Kaulika-nikāya (LL), a guild of the Kaulikas or weavers. (CII 1), a class or group. Note: nikāya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
nikāya : (m.) a group; sect; a collection.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Nikāya, (Sk. nikāya, ni+kāya) collection (“body”) assemblage, class, group; 1. generally (always —°): eka° one class of beings DhsA. 66; tiracchāna° the animal kingdom S. III, 152; deva° the assembly of the gods, the gods D. II, 261 (60); M. I, 102; S. IV, 180; A. III, 249; IV, 461; PvA. 136; satta° the world of beings, the animate creation, a class of living beings S. II, 2, 42, 44; M. I, 49 (tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhi tamhi s. -nikāye of all beings in each class); Vbh. 137; PvA. 134.—2. especially the coll. of Buddhist Suttas, as the 5 sections of the Suttanta Piṭaka, viz. Dīgha°, Majjhima°, Saṃyutta°, Aṅguttara° (referred to as D. M. S. A. in Dictionaryquotations), Khuddaka°; enumerated PvA. 2; Anvs p. 35; DhA. II, 95 (dhammāsanaṃ āruyha pañcahi nikāyehi atthañ ca kāraṇañ ca ākaḍḍhitvā). The five Nikāyas are enumerated also at Vism. 711; one is referred to at SnA 195 (pariyāpuṇāti master by heart). See further details under piṭaka. Cp. nekāyika. (Page 352)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Nikāya (निकाय).—[ni-ci-ghañ kutvam]
1) A heap, an assemblage, a class, multitude, flock, group in general; Mv.1. निकाय इति सङ्घात् औत्तराधर्येणावस्थित उच्यते (nikāya iti saṅghāt auttarādharyeṇāvasthita ucyate) | ŚB. on MS. 8.1.19; तप्तहेमनिकायाभं शितिकण्ठं त्रिलोचनम् (taptahemanikāyābhaṃ śitikaṇṭhaṃ trilocanam) (vīkṣya) Bhāg. 4.24.25.
2) A congregation, school, an association of persons who perform like duties.
3) A house, habitation dwelling-place; Manusmṛti 1.36; काशीनिकायः (kāśīnikāyaḥ) &c.
4) The body.
5) Aim, butt, mark.
6) The Supreme Being.
7) Ved. Air, wind; Vāj.15.5.
Derivable forms: nikāyaḥ (निकायः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Nikāya (निकाय).—(1) (as in Sanskrit, but nt., in Sanskrit m.) collection, group: yena…deva-nikāyaṃ tenopasaṃkrameyaṃ Mahāvastu i.54.13; Buddha is saptabhiś ca nikāyaiḥ saṃpuraskṛto Divyāvadāna 159.15; (2) (= Pali id.) ‘collection’ of sūtras in the Buddhist canon, or more loosely, the canon collectively: nikāya-gati-saṃbhavāt Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 292.13, from (having their) origin in the course of the canon, and °gati-gotrā(ḥ) 16, said of the abhijñā (psychic powers, Suzuki) as acquired by orthodox canonical lore; Suzuki misunderstands the meaning, which is made clear by naikāyika, q.v., shortly after; (3) school (of religious opinion), in nikāyāntarīya, q.v. (orig. and lit., no doubt, canon as under 2). The four Nikāyas of the Pali canon are usually called Āgamas in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit].Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-yaḥ) An assemblage of persons performing like duties, a congregation, an audience. 2. A flock, a multitude. 3. A butt, a mark. 4. A house, habitation. 5. The Supreme Being. 6. The body. E. ni in or within, ci to collect, affix ghañ, and ka substituted for the radical initial.
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Nikāya (निकाय) or Nikāyya.—m.
(-yaḥ) A house. E. ni in or within, ci to collect, affix ṇyat kutvam .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nikāya (निकाय).—i. e. ni-ci + a, m. 1. An assemblage, a class, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 36. 2. A multitude, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 24, 25. 3. A house, a dwelling-place, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 44, 31.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nikāya (निकाय).—[masculine] group, class, troop, assemblage, multitude.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Nikāya (निकाय):—[=ni-kāya] m. (√1. ci) a heap, an assemblage, a group, class, association ([especially] of persons who perform the same duties), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] congregation, school, [Buddhist literature]
3) [v.s. ...] collection (of, [Buddhist literature] Sūtras, there are 5 [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 62, 63])
4) [v.s. ...] habitation, dwelling, hiding-place, [Rāmāyaṇa] (cf. [Pāṇini 3-3, 41])
5) [v.s. ...] the body, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad]
6) [v.s. ...] the air, wind, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xv, 5 (Mahidh.) ]
7) [v.s. ...] aim, mark, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] the Supreme Being, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Nikāya (निकाय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Congregation; a flock; a house; a mark or butt; the Supreme Being.
2) (yyaḥ) 1. m. A house.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Nikāya (निकाय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇikāya.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Nikāya (निकाय) [Also spelled nikay]:—(nm) a body; system.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Ṇikāya (णिकाय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nikāca.
2) Ṇikāya (णिकाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nikāya.
3) Ṇikāya (णिकाय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nikāca.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a heap; an assemblage; a multitude, flock; a group in general.
2) [noun] one’s normal place of dwelling; a house; habitation.
3) [noun] the physical structure of a human being or animal; the body.
4) [noun] a target; an aim.
5) [noun] the Supreme Being; the God.
6) [noun] air; wind.
7) [noun] any of the five divisions of the Buddhist scripture 'ಸುತ್ತಪಿಟಕ [suttapitaka]'.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+2): Anguttara-nikaya, Arannavasi Nikaya, AryasthaviriyaNikaya, Devanikaya, Dhammayuttika Nikaya, Dighanikaya, Gonikaya, Jivanikaya, Karnikaya, Kaulika-nikaya, Khuddakanikaya, Kolika-nikaya, Majjhima Nikaya, Maundinikaya, Pravahanikaya, Rinnikaya, Samyutta Nikaya, Shatrunikaya, Sthaviranikaya, Tinikaya.
Full-text (+567): Devanikaya, Nikayya, Shatrunikaya, Pancanaikayika, Nikayantariya, Nikayin, Majjhima Nikaya, Nekayika, Sutra, Nikaca, Agama, Panca-matrika, Khuddakanikaya, Demons Realm, Bhandika, Ekuttarika, Hambugallaka, Dighagama, Samyutta Nikaya, Agama Sutra.
Search found 99 books and stories containing Nikaya, Nikāya, Nikâya, Ni-kaya, Ni-kāya, Ṇikāya; (plurals include: Nikayas, Nikāyas, Nikâyas, kayas, kāyas, Ṇikāyas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Guide to Tipitaka (by U Ko Lay)
Philosophy of language in the Five Nikayas (by K.T.S. Sarao)
10. The Characteristic of Non-Self (anattā) < [Chapter 4 - Philosophy of Language in the Five Nikāyas]
5. Paññā (‘wisdom’) as a Light and a Sharp Sword < [Chapter 4 - Philosophy of Language in the Five Nikāyas]
4. Conclusion < [Chapter 6 - Summary and Conclusions]
Buddhism: An Integrated Interpretation < [January – March, 1984]
Early Buddhist Attitude to War < [July – September, 1994]
Triple Stream < [October – December, 2001]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XXXIV - The story of Śarabhaṅga < [Volume III]
Chapter XXX - The rolling of the wheel < [Volume III]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 3 - Early Buddhist Literature < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Part 5 - The Khandhas < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Part 9 - Upaniṣads and Buddhism < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
The Dawn of the Dhamma (by Sucitto Bhikkhu)