Rish, Ṛś, Ṛṣ, Riś, Riṣ: 5 definitions

Introduction

Rish means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṛś and Ṛṣ and Riś and Riṣ can be transliterated into English as Rs or Rish or Ris, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṛś (ऋश्).—(A Sautra root)

1) To go.

2) To kill.

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Ṛṣ (ऋष्).—I. 6 P. (ṛṣati, ārṣīt, ānarṣa, arṣitum, ṛṣṭa)

1) To go, approach.; नैनद्देवा आप्नुवन्पूर्वमवर्षत् (nainaddevā āpnuvanpūrvamavarṣat) Īśa. Up.4.

2) To kill, injure, pierce; शृङ्गाम्यां रक्ष ऋषति (śṛṅgāmyāṃ rakṣa ṛṣati) Av.9.4.17.

3) To push. -II. 1 P. (arṣati)

1) To flow.

2) To glide.

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Riś (रिश्).—6 P. Ved.

1) To tear, rend.

2) To eat, feed on.

3) To hurt, injure.

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Riṣ (रिष्).—1, 4 P. (reṣati, riṣyati, riṣṭa)

1) To injure, hurt, harm; तस्येहार्थो न रिष्यते (tasyehārtho na riṣyate) Mb.; तेन यायात् सतां मार्गं तेन गच्छन् न रिष्यते (tena yāyāt satāṃ mārgaṃ tena gacchan na riṣyate) Ms.4.178.

2) To kill or destroy; रेष्टारं रेषितं व्यास्यत् (reṣṭāraṃ reṣitaṃ vyāsyat) Bk.9.31.

3) To give offence.

4) To perish, be injured (4 P.).

5) To meet with a reverse or misfortune.

6) To fail.

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Riṣ (रिष्).—f. An injury, hurt, harm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛṣ (ऋष्).—[ṛṣa] r. 1st cl. (arṣati) To take, to receive, to choose. (ī) ṛṣī r. 6th cl. (ṛṣati) To go, to approach.

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Riś (रिश्).—r. 6th cl. (riśati) To hurt, to injure, to kill or attempt to kill.

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Riṣ (रिष्).—r. 1st cl. (reṣati) r. 4th cl. (riṣyati) To hurt, to kill, or attempt to kill. r. 6th cl. (riṣṇāti) To separate, to depart.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛṣ (ऋष्).—i. 6, [Parasmaipada.], ved. also i. 1; [Parasmaipada.] 1. † To go. 2. To flow, to rain, to drip (ved. i. 1). 3. To pierce (ved. i. 6).

— Cf. [Latin] rigare, rivus; [Gothic.] rign; [Anglo-Saxon.] regen.

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Riś (रिश्).— (cf. liś), i. 6, [Parasmaipada.] To hurt.

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Riṣ (रिष्).—i. 1 and 4, [Parasmaipada.] 1. To kill, to hurt, Mahābhārata 3, 13111. 2. To give offence, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 178, [Ātmanepada.] (Sch., but perhaps pass. To be hurt). 3. To be hurt (ved.). Ptcple. of the pf. pass. riṣṭa. 1. Injured. 2. Unlucky, n. 1. Bad luck. 2. Destruction. 3. Sin. m. 1. A sword (cf. ṛṣṭi). 2. The name of a demon.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṛṣ (ऋष्).—1. arṣati flow, glide.

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Ṛṣ (ऋष्).—2. ṛṣati [participle] ṛṣṭa push, thrust.

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Riś (रिश्).—riśati [participle] riṣṭa (q.v.) tear, pull, bite off, crop.

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Riṣ (रिष्).—1. riṣyati riṣyate reṣati [participle] riṣṭa (cf. riś) be hurt, receive harm, suffer wrong, fail, perish; harm, injure. [Causative] reṣayati = [Simple] tr., [Middle] = [Simple] refl. or [intransitive] [Desiderative] ririkṣati wish to harm.

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Riṣ (रिष्).—2. [feminine] injury or injurer.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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