Prashamana, Praśamana: 9 definitions


Prashamana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Praśamana can be transliterated into English as Prasamana or Prashamana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Praśamana (प्रशमन, “calming”) refers to “abatement” and represents one of six “elements of diction” (aṅga). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19, these six elements of diction are part of the ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Praśamana refers to the lowering of the notes of high pitch without making them discordant. Praśamana can be used in the Comic, the Erotic, the Pathetic, the Heroic, the Furious and the Marvellous Sentiment.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Praśamana (प्रशमन) refers to a weapon (a shooting missile). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prashamana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

praśamana (प्रशमन).—n S Assuaging, allaying, composing, tranquilizing. 2 An allayer, a mitigater; a medicine &c. of quieting and soothing properties. Ex. ghṛta hēṃ pittācēṃ pra0 hōya.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

praśamana (प्रशमन).—n Assuaging. An allayer. A medicine &c. of soothing properties.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prashamana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praśamana (प्रशमन).—a. (- f.)

1) Calming, tranquillizing, pacifying, removing &c.

2) Curing, healing.

-nam 1 Calming, tranquillizing, pacifying.

2) Allaying, assuaging, soothing, mitigating; आपन्नार्तिप्रशमनफलाः संपदो ह्युत्तमानाम् (āpannārtipraśamanaphalāḥ saṃpado hyuttamānām) Me.55.

3) Curing, healing; as in व्याधिप्रशमनम् (vyādhipraśamanam).

4) Quenching, extinguishing, suppressing, quelling; Mb. 5.165.9.

5) Cessation, abatement.

6) Bestowing fitly or on fit objects; लब्धप्रशमनं कृत्वा (labdhapraśamanaṃ kṛtvā) Mb.12.45.1 (com. labdhasya dhanādeḥ yathocitamaṃśataḥ pātre samarpaṇena śāntikam) Ms.7.56; (satpātre pratipādanam Kull.; but others give it the next sense).

7) Securing, guarding, keeping safe; लब्धप्रशमनस्वस्थमथैनं समुपस्थिता (labdhapraśamanasvasthamathainaṃ samupasthitā) R.4.14.

8) Killing, slaughter.

9) Restoration of peace; लब्धप्रशमनम् (labdhapraśamanam) Kau. A.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praśamana (प्रशमन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Killing, slaughter. 2. Pacifying, tranquillising. 3. Quiescence, reposing. 4. Soothing, assuaging. 5. Ouring, healing. 6. Extinguishing. 7. Bestowing fitly. 8. Securing, guarding. 9. Cessation, abatement. E. pra before, śam to pacify, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praśamana (प्रशमन).—[pra-śam + ana], n. 1. Tranquillising, pacifying, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 194, 4. 2. Securing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 56. 3. Killing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praśamana (प्रशमन).—[adjective] & [neuter] tranquillizing, suppressing, healing, securing.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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