Prashamsa, aka: Praśaṃsā, Prashamsha; 8 Definition(s)


Prashamsa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Praśaṃsā can be transliterated into English as Prasamsa or Prashamsa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Praśaṃsā (प्रशंसा, “simile of praise”) refers to one of the five kinds of upamā, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17. Upamā (‘simile’) is one of the four “figures of speech” (alaṃkāra), used when composing dramatic compositions (kāvya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Prashamsa in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Praśaṃsā (प्रशंसा, “praise”) refers to one of the “eight worldly conditions” (lokadharma) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 61). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., praśaṃsā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Prashamsa in Jainism glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Praśaṃsā (प्रशंसा, “admiration”) or Para-pāṣaṇḍi-praśaṃsā refers to “admiration of adherents of other creeds” and represents an aspect of samyaktva (right belief) classified under the aticāra heading, according to various Jain authors. The distinction between the fourth (praśaṃsā) and fifth (saṃstava) aticāras seems artificial. As has been noted they both have for antonym the aṅga of amūḍha-dṛṣṭi and in fact Somadeva, in his Yaśastilaka, couples them together under the designation of anya-ślāghā or mūḍhatā. With that exception the Digambaras (for example, Cāmuṇḍarāya, in his Caritrasāra) define praśaṃsā as “praise expressed in the mind” and saṃstava as “praise expressed in words”. The Śvetāmbaras (Yogaśāstra 2.17) interpret praśaṃsā as “praise” and saṃstava as “acquaintance”. Siddhasena Gaṇin (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra v7.19), however, prefers the Digambara explanation.

For many writers these two aticāras (Para-pāṣaṇḍi-praśaṃsā and Para-pāṣaṇḍi-saṃstava) give an occasion to describe and criticize the false beliefs of other sects—180 varieties of kriya-vādins y 84 of akriya-vādins, 67 of ajñānikas, and 32 of vainayikas are listed—particularly the Buddhists and Śaivas.

The aticāras of samyaktva (eg., para-pāṣaṇḍi-praśaṃsā) may virtually, if the fourth and fifth of them which are closely related are merged together, be equated with the first four doṣas. Both aticāras and doṣas represent the negation of the aṅgas. Pūjyapāda holds that it is in any event unnecessary to have eight aticāras corresponding to the eight aṅgas as the fourth and fifth—para-pāṣaṇḍi-praśaṃsā and para-pāṣaṇḍi-saṃstava—are elastic and comprehensive.

Source: Jaina Yoga

Praśaṃsā (प्रशंसा, “admiration”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.23.—What is the difference between praise (saṃstava) and admiration (praśaṃsā)? Praise is basically expression by speech while administration is a mental process by the person for other’s attributes.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Prashamsa in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

praśaṃsā (प्रशंसा).—f (S) Praise. praśaṃsita p (S) Praised.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

praśaṃsā (प्रशंसा).—f Praise.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prashamsa in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Praśaṃsā (प्रशंसा).—

1) Praise, eulogy, panegyric, applause; प्रशंसावचनम् (praśaṃsāvacanam) 'a complimentary or laudatory remark'.

2) Description, reference to; as in अप्रस्तुतप्रशंसा (aprastutapraśaṃsā) q. v.

3) Glory, fame, reputation.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praśaṃśā (प्रशंशा).—f.

(-śā) Praise, eulogium. E. pra before, śaṇsa to praise, aṅ and ṭāp affs.: see praśaṃsā .

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Praśaṃsā (प्रशंसा).—f.

(-sā) 1. Praise, applause, flattery, commendation. 2. Fame, reputation, glory. 3. Description, as in aprastūtapraśaṃsā E. pra especially śaṇsa, to praise, affs. aṅ and ṭāp; the root is also read śaṇśa, when this word and the analogous derivatives are read praśaṃśā, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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