Kusinara, aka: Kushinara, Kusinārā; 3 Definition(s)
Kusinara means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
The capital of the Mallas and the scene of the Buddhas death. At that time it was a small city, a branch township with wattle and daub houses in the midst of the jungle, and Ananda was, at first, disappointed that the Buddha should have chosen it for his Parinibbana. But the Buddha, by preaching the Maha Sudassana Sutta, pointed out to him that in ancient times it had been Kusavati, the royal city of Maha Sudassana (D.ii.146). Between Kusinara and Pava, three gavutas away (DA.ii.573) - from where the Buddha came to Kusinara on his last journey from Rajagaha, stopping at various places - lay the stream of Kakuttha on the banks of which was the Ambavana; beyond that was the Hirannavati river, and near the city, in a south westerly direction, lay the Upavattana, the Sala grove of the Mallas, which the Buddha made his last resting place (UdA.238; DA.ii.572f).
After the Buddhas death his body was carried into the city by the northern gate and out of the city by the eastern gate; to the east of the city was Makutabandhana, the shrine of the Mallas, and there the body was cremated. For seven days those assembled at the ceremony held a festival in honour of the relics (D.ii.160f).
It is said that the Buddha had three reasons for coming to Kusinara to die:(1) Because it was the proper venue for the preaching of the Maha Sudassana Sutta; (2) because Subhadda would visit him there and, after listening to his sermon, would develop meditation and become an arahant while the Buddha was still alive; and (3) because the brahman Doha would be there, after the Buddhas death, to solve the problem of the distribution of his relics (UdA.402f; DA.ii.573f6).
As the scene of his death, Kusinara became one of the four holy places declared by the Buddha to be fit places of pilgrimage for the pious, the other three being Kapilavatthu, Buddhagaya and Isipatana (D.ii.140). Mention is made of other visits paid to Kusinara by the Buddha, prior to that when his death took place. Thus, once he went there from Apana and having spent some time at Kusinara, proceeded to Atuma. The Mallas of Kusinara were always great admirers of the Buddha, even though not all of them were his followers, and on the occasion of this visit they decided that any inhabitant of Kusinara who failed to go and meet the Buddha and escort him to the city, would be fined five hundred. It was on this occasion that Roja the Mallan was converted and gave to the Buddha and the monks a supply of green vegetables and pastries (Vin.i.247f). During some of these visits the Buddha stayed in a wood called Baliharana, and there he preached two of the Kusinara Suttas (A.i.274f; v.79f) and the Kinti Sutta (M.ii.238f). A third Kusinara Sutta he preached while staying at Upavattana. (A.ii.79;(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary
Languages of India and abroad
kusinārā : (f.) the chief city of the Mallas.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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Search found 15 books and stories containing Kusinara, Kushinara or Kusinārā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Gospel of Buddha (by Paul Carus)
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 95: Mahāsudassana-jātaka < [Book I - Ekanipāta]
Jataka 531: Kusa-jātaka < [Volume 5]
Teacher of the Devas (by Susan Elbaum Jootla)
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms (by Fa-Hien)
The Mahavamsa (by Wilhelm Geiger)