Kusinara, aka: Kushinara, Kusinārā; 3 Definition(s)


Kusinara means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Kusinara in Theravada glossaries]

The capital of the Mallas and the scene of the Buddhas death. At that time it was a small city, a branch township with wattle and daub houses in the midst of the jungle, and Ananda was, at first, disappointed that the Buddha should have chosen it for his Parinibbana. But the Buddha, by preaching the Maha Sudassana Sutta, pointed out to him that in ancient times it had been Kusavati, the royal city of Maha Sudassana (D.ii.146). Between Kusinara and Pava, three gavutas away (DA.ii.573) - from where the Buddha came to Kusinara on his last journey from Rajagaha, stopping at various places - lay the stream of Kakuttha on the banks of which was the Ambavana; beyond that was the Hirannavati river, and near the city, in a south westerly direction, lay the Upavattana, the Sala grove of the Mallas, which the Buddha made his last resting place (UdA.238; DA.ii.572f).

After the Buddhas death his body was carried into the city by the northern gate and out of the city by the eastern gate; to the east of the city was Makutabandhana, the shrine of the Mallas, and there the body was cremated. For seven days those assembled at the ceremony held a festival in honour of the relics (D.ii.160f).

It is said that the Buddha had three reasons for coming to Kusinara to die:

(1) Because it was the proper venue for the preaching of the Maha Sudassana Sutta; (2) because Subhadda would visit him there and, after listening to his sermon, would develop meditation and become an arahant while the Buddha was still alive; and (3) because the brahman Doha would be there, after the Buddhas death, to solve the problem of the distribution of his relics (UdA.402f; DA.ii.573f6).

As the scene of his death, Kusinara became one of the four holy places declared by the Buddha to be fit places of pilgrimage for the pious, the other three being Kapilavatthu, Buddhagaya and Isipatana (D.ii.140). Mention is made of other visits paid to Kusinara by the Buddha, prior to that when his death took place. Thus, once he went there from Apana and having spent some time at Kusinara, proceeded to Atuma. The Mallas of Kusinara were always great admirers of the Buddha, even though not all of them were his followers, and on the occasion of this visit they decided that any inhabitant of Kusinara who failed to go and meet the Buddha and escort him to the city, would be fined five hundred. It was on this occasion that Roja the Mallan was converted and gave to the Buddha and the monks a supply of green vegetables and pastries (Vin.i.247f). During some of these visits the Buddha stayed in a wood called Baliharana, and there he preached two of the Kusinara Suttas (A.i.274f; v.79f) and the Kinti Sutta (M.ii.238f). A third Kusinara Sutta he preached while staying at Upavattana. (A.ii.79;

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of kusinara in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Kusinara in Buddhism glossaries]
Kusinara in Pali, Kusinagara in Sanskrit. The village where Shakyamuni died, and the capital of the ancient kingdom of Malla.(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Kusinara in Pali glossaries]

kusinārā : (f.) the chief city of the Mallas.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 38 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kusinara Sutta
1. Kusinara Sutta - Preached at Baliharana in Kusinara. Offerings, made to a monk by the piou...
Kusinara Vagga
The thirteenth chapter of the Tika Nipata of the Anguttara Nikaya. A.i.274-84; for a summary of...
Kusinara Vihara
A monastery built by Parakkamabahu I. in a suburb of Pulatthipura, called Sihapura. It consiste...
Malla (मल्ल, “wrestler”) refers to one of the sub-castes that once existed in ancient Kashmir (...
Śakya (शक्य).—The substratum of potentiality which forms the object pointed out by means of the...
Apāna (अपान, “exhale”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.19.—What is the meaning a...
pava (पव).—m The mark 1 upon a die.--- OR --- pāva (पाव).—m A fourth. A foot. f The interior an...
ḍōṇa (डोण) [-ṇī, -णी].—f A scooped tree as a trough.--- OR --- ḍōṇā (डोणा).—m A vessel made of ...
rōja (रोज).—m A day. Wages for a day. ad Daily.--- OR --- rōjā (रोजा).—m Fast; religious abstin...
Upavana (उपवन).—[upamitaṃ vanena] A garden, grave, a planted forest; पाण्डुच्छायोपवनवृतयः केतकै...
phussa (फुस्स).—interj Imit. of the noise of hissing or spitting.
kosināraka : (adj.) belonging to Kusinārā.
Sāvatthī (सावत्थी) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his fifth year of spirit...
upavattana : (adj.) existing near.
Anuruddha (अनुरुद्ध) is the name of an Āyuṣmat according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapt...

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