Paramarthika, Pāramārthika, Parama-arthika: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Paramarthika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Parmarthik.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Paramarthika in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक) refers to:—That which relates to the supreme spiritual truth or ultimate attainment of reality; real, essential, true; that which relates to a higher object. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Paramarthika in Hinduism glossary
Source: Google Books: Puspika: Tracing Ancient India Through Texts and Traditions

Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक) or Satyabhūta refers to “that which is real”, according to the Īśvara-Pratyabhijñā-Vimarśinī of Abhinavagupta with commentary by Bhāskarī.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक) refers to the “absolute truth”, according to the Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The two arms represent vyāvahārika, "conventional truth", and pāramārthika, "absolute truth".

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Paramarthika in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक) refers to the “absolute point of view” and represents one of the four Siddhānta (“points of view”, according to  the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 1.—Accordingly: The Buddha preaches the Mahāprajñāpāramitāsūtra to explain the absolute point of view. There are four points of view (siddhānta): [e.g., the absolute point of view (pāramārthika-siddhānta)], [...] In these four points of view (siddhānta) are contained, in its entirety, the twelve-membered scriptures and the eighty-four thousand baskets of the doctrine. All four points of view are true and do not contradict one another: in the Buddhadharma, there are realities of mundane order, realities of individual order, realities of antidotal order and realities of absolute order.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paramarthika in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक).—a S (parama & artha) Studious of divine knowledge and favor; spiritually-minded. 2 Relating to the Divine nature or to Truth; spiritual, sublime, excellent; supremely good, real, actual, true; relating to paramārtha q. v.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक).—a Spiritually-minded. Spiritual. Real.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paramarthika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक).—a. (- f.) [परमार्थाय हितं ठक् (paramārthāya hitaṃ ṭhak)]

1) Relating to परमार्थ (paramārtha) or the highest truth or spiritual knowledge.

2) Real, essential, truly or really existent; सत्ता त्रिविधा पारमार्थिकी, व्यावहारिकी, प्रातीतिकी च (sattā trividhā pāramārthikī, vyāvahārikī, prātītikī ca) Vedānta.

3) Caring for truth, loving truth or right; न लोकः पारमार्थिकः (na lokaḥ pāramārthikaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.342.

4) Excellent, supremely good, best.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Preferable, best, most desirable. 2. Relating to the spiritual knowledge. 3. Real, true, existing. 4. Loving truth. E. pāramārtha chief object, and ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक).—i. e. parama-artha + ika, adj. 1. Real. 2. Loving right, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 389.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक).—[feminine] ī real, essential, true.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक):—[from pārama] mf(ī)n. ([from] paramārtha) relating to a high or spiritual object or to supreme truth, real, essential, true, [Śaṃkarācārya; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti] (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 108])

2) [v.s. ...] one who cares for truth, [Pañcatantra]

3) [v.s. ...] excellent, best, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक):—[pāramā+rthika] (kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a. Best, superior, preferable; spiritual.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paramarthika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paramarthika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pāramārthika (पारमार्थिक) [Also spelled parmarthik]:—(a) transcendental, ultra-mundane; pertaining to spiritual objects; benevolent, beneficent; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paramarthika in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pāramārthika (ಪಾರಮಾರ್ಥಿಕ):—

1) [noun] of or relating to the absolute Truth, beatitude.

2) [noun] of or pertaining to philosophy; philosophical.

3) [noun] outstandingly good of its kind; of exceptional merit, virtue, etc.

--- OR ---

Pāramārthika (ಪಾರಮಾರ್ಥಿಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಪಾರಮಾರ್ಥ - [paramartha -] 1.

2) [noun] that which is relating to the absolute Truth or the final beatitude.

3) [noun] that which pertains to or conforms philosophical thoughts or philosophy.

4) [noun] a scholarly man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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