Vipashyana, Vipaśyanā, Vipasyāna: 5 definitions


Vipashyana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vipaśyanā can be transliterated into English as Vipasyana or Vipashyana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Vipashyana in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

1) Vipaśyanā (विपश्यना) refers to “expanded vision”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “The great vehicle (mahāyāna) is made with four wheels (cakra), namely with the means of attraction, the spokes (ara) are well fitted as the roots of good have been transformed with intention (āśaya), [...] it is carried on by a yoke yoked with the team of insight and expedient means, it is fastened in the holes of peaceful meditation and expanded vision (śamatha-vipaśyanā), it is powered by the power of understanding four holy truths (catuḥsatya), it has the power of a thousand well-bred horses, [...]”.

2) vipaśyana (शमथ) refers to “transcendental analysis”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (46) The morality pacifies [minds], pacifies afflictions (kleśa), brings to the completion of the mental quiescence and transcendental analysis (śamatha-vipaśyana), 431 and guides to the ultimate [liberation]. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of vipashyana or vipasyana in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Vipashyana in Buddhism glossary
Source: Shambala Publications: General

Vipashyanā (vipaśyanā), Skt. (Pali, vipassa­nā); insight, clear seeing; intuitive cognition of the three marks of existence, namely, the impermanence (anitya), suffer­ing (duhkha), and egolessness (anātman) of all physical and mental phenomena. In Mahāyāna Buddhism, vipashyanā is seen as an­alytical examination of the nature of things that leads to insight into the true nature of the world—emptiness (shūnyatā). Such insight prevents the arising of new passions. Vipa­shyanā is one of the two factors essential for the attainment of enlightenment; the oth­er is shamatha (calming the mind).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vipashyana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vipaśyanā (विपश्यना).—(Sanskrit vi-paśyati plus -anā), correct insight: [Page491-b+ 71] with other virtues Lalitavistara 415.7 (°na, verse); °na-vāyu-samā Lalitavistara 414.11 (verse), like the wind in (penetrating) insight, so Tibetan, lhag mthoṅ rluṅ (daṅ) ḥdra; °na-vidyu-mālī Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 45.5 (verse; in all these °na m.c.); °nāyāṃ śikṣec ca Udānavarga vi.9; śama-śīla-°nā-balair Divyāvadāna 44.24 (verse); but almost always closely associated, often [compound], with a preceding śamatha; compare Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. vi.301. n. 2, ‘la pensée parfumée par le śamatha (calme) peut obtenir par la vipaśyanā (intelli- gence; elsewhere vision, contemplation) la vimukti’; another definition Bodhisattvabhūmi 260.11-14 tatra yā bodhisattvasyaiṣā dharmāṇām evam avikalpanā (see vikalpana), so 'sya śamatho draṣṭavyaḥ. yac ca tad yathābhūtajñānaṃ pāramārthikaṃ, yac ca tad apramāṇavyavasthānanayajñānaṃ dharmeṣu, iyam asya vipaśyanā draṣṭavyā; in Mahāvyutpatti 1678 vi° (Tibetan lhag mthoṅ) follows śamatha 1677, and forms a tetrad with it and yogaḥ, yoniśo-manasikāraḥ; śamatha-°nā- vihārin Divyāvadāna 95.13; 124.12; 264.27—28; Avadāna-śataka i.16.10; 283.2; °nā-vihāra-vihārin Gaṇḍavyūha 471.21; otherwise [compound] or associated with śamatha, Lalitavistara 128.3; 181.19; 183.7; Mahāvastu i.120.10; Avadāna-śataka ii.140.10; Śikṣāsamuccaya 260.12; 261.2; Kāśyapa Parivarta 154.5; Bodhisattvabhūmi 83.8; 109.9, etc. (Pali vipassanā; compare prec. and next.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vipaśyana (विपश्यन):—[=vi-paśyana] [from vi-paś] n. (or f(ā). ) right knowledge, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vipashyana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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