Vipashyana, aka: Vipaśyanā; 2 Definition(s)


Vipashyana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vipaśyanā can be transliterated into English as Vipasyana or Vipashyana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Vipashyana in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vipashyanā (vipaśyanā), Skt. (Pali, vipassa­nā); insight, clear seeing; intuitive cognition of the three marks of existence, namely, the impermanence (anitya), suffer­ing (duhkha), and egolessness (anātman) of all physical and mental phenomena. In Mahāyāna Buddhism, vipashyanā is seen as an­alytical examination of the nature of things that leads to insight into the true nature of the world—emptiness (shūnyatā). Such insight prevents the arising of new passions. Vipa­shyanā is one of the two factors essential for the attainment of enlightenment; the oth­er is shamatha (calming the mind).

Source: Shambala Publications: General

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vipashyana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vipaśyanā (विपश्यना).—(Sanskrit vi-paśyati plus -anā), correct insight: [Page491-b+ 71] with other virtues LV 415.7 (°na, verse); °na-vāyu-samā LV 414.11 (verse), like the wind in (penetrating) insight, so Tibetan, lhag mthoṅ rluṅ (daṅ) ḥdra; °na-vidyu-mālī RP 45.5 (verse; in all these °na m.c.); °nāyāṃ śikṣec ca Ud vi.9; śama-śīla-°nā-balair Divy 44.24 (verse); but almost always closely associated, often cpd., with a preceding śamatha; compare AbhidhK. LaV-P. vi.301. n. 2, ‘la pensée parfumée par le śamatha (calme) peut obtenir par la vipaśyanā (intelli- gence; elsewhere vision, contemplation) la vimukti’; another definition Bbh 260.11-14 tatra yā bodhisattvasyaiṣā dharmāṇām evam avikalpanā (see vikalpana), so 'sya śamatho draṣṭavyaḥ. yac ca tad yathābhūtajñānaṃ pāramārthikaṃ, yac ca tad apramāṇavyavasthānanayajñānaṃ dharmeṣu, iyam asya vipaśyanā draṣṭavyā; in Mvy 1678 vi° (Tibetan lhag mthoṅ) follows śamatha 1677, and forms a tetrad with it and yogaḥ, yoniśo-manasikāraḥ; śamatha-°nā- vihārin Divy 95.13; 124.12; 264.27—28; Av i.16.10; 283.2; °nā-vihāra-vihārin Gv 471.21; otherwise cpd. or assoc. with śamatha, LV 128.3; 181.19; 183.7; Mv i.120.10; Av ii.140.10; Śikṣ 260.12; 261.2; KP 154.5; Bbh 83.8; 109.9, etc. (Pali vipassanā; compare prec. and next.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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