Pancavimshati, Pañcaviṃśati, Pancan-vimshati, Pamcavimshati: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Pancavimshati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pañcaviṃśati can be transliterated into English as Pancavimsati or Pancavimshati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchavimshati.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Pancavimshati in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pañcaviṃśati (पञ्चविंशति) refers to “twenty-five” types of Kiraṇaketus, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The Ketus or comets that resemble garlands, gems and gold are named Kiraṇa Ketus and are 25 [i.e., pañcaviṃśati] in number; they have tails and appear in the east and in the west; they are the sons of the Sun, and when they appear, princes will begin to be at strife. The Ketus that are of the colour of the parrot, of fíre, of Bhandhu-Jīvika flower, of lac or of blood are the sons of Agni (fìre) and appear in the south-east; they are 25 in number; when they appear mankind will be afflicted with fears”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaiva philosophy

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Pañcaviṃśati (पञ्चविंशति) refers to the “twenty-five principles”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 1.93.—Accordingly, “Even though for a [follower of] Sāṅkhya, the twenty-five (pañcaviṃśati) principles (tattva) are manifest [as the universe], to begin with, experience, that is, immediate perception, consists in nothing but this: the sole five elements and consciousness—and nothing more. This is why for the master [Bhartṛhari], the universe is [entirely] explained as soon as the six elements are explained—it is with this intention that he has undertaken their Examination (Samīkṣā). [...]”.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancavimshati in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Pañcaviṃśati (पञ्चविंशति) refers to the “twenty-five (Tattvas)”, according to the Śivayogadīpikā by Sadāśivayogīśvara: a text dealing with Śaivism and Haṭhayoga in two hundred and eighty-nine verses.—Accordingly, “Knowledge of the twenty-five (pañcaviṃśati) Tattvas is that [Rājayoga] which is called Sāṅkhya. The [Rāja]yoga called Tāraka is [so called] because [it consists in] knowledge of external Mudrā, and Amanaska is [so called] because [it consists in] knowledge of internal Mudrā. Tāraka is more laudable than Sāṅkhya and Amanaska is more laudable than Tāraka. Because it is the king of all Yogas, it is called Rājayoga”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pancavimshati in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pañcaviṃśati (पञ्चविंशति) refers to the “twenty-five principles (of existence)”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] ‘My Wheel called Bliss,’ (said the Lord) ‘is fashioned by means of both of them.’ (Thus) created, the supremely divine (goddess) was endowed with the twenty-five qualities (of the principles of existence) and, residing in the twenty-five principles of existence (pañcaviṃśati-tattvasthā), the Supreme Goddess was beautiful. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Pancavimshati in Pancaratra glossary
Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Pañcaviṃśati (पञ्चविंशति) refers to the “Pañcaviṃśati-Tattva-Mantra”—One of the Aupacārika (subsidiary) Mantras (needed in the worship of Viṣṇu), as discussed in chapter 33 (Caryāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [aupacārika-mantra-kalpa]: All the main mantras having been given in the preceding chapters, the present and concluding chapter turns to a treatment of other, subsidiary mantras needed in the worship of Viṣṇu (1-11). The following ones are the common mantras discussed and analysed: pañcaviṃśati-tattva-mantra (51b-57), [...]

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pancavimshati in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pañcaviṃśati (पञ्चविंशति) refers to the “twenty-five” (observances), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Capable soul, having found the supreme path to non-attachment, you must practise the twenty-five (pañcaviṃśati) observances for the purpose of the removal of error [in observing] the great vows”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Pancavimshati in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pañcaviṃśati.—see pannavīsa. Note: pañcaviṃśati is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancavimshati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcaviṃśati (पञ्चविंशति).—f. twenty-five.

Derivable forms: pañcaviṃśatiḥ (पञ्चविंशतिः).

Pañcaviṃśati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and viṃśati (विंशति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcaviṃśati (पञ्चविंशति).—[feminine] twenty-five.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcaviṃśati (पञ्चविंशति):—[=pañca-viṃśati] [from pañca] f. (pa) idem, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a collection of 25 (also and tikā; See vetāla-)

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pañcaviṃśati (पञ्चविंशति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paṇuvīsa, Paṇṇavīsā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancavimshati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancavimshati in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcaviṃśati (ಪಂಚವಿಂಶತಿ):—[adjective] amounting to twenty five in number; twenty-five.

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Paṃcaviṃśati (ಪಂಚವಿಂಶತಿ):—[noun] the cardinal number twenty-five; 25.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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