Pratibimba: 19 definitions


Pratibimba means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pratibimb.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratibimba in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब) refers to “reflections” (of a mirror), according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.131:—“‘adhikatara’ [means the following]: the [various] phenomena (ābhāsa) are [something more (adhika)] than consciousness, just as reflections (pratibimba) are something more than a mirror (darpaṇa) [reflecting them]; and that which is something more than something more, [i.e., that which is something more] than these very [phenomena,] can never be perceived in any [circumstance] for the very [reason that it is distinct from phenomena]; and how could that be a [real] entity (vastu)?”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब) refers to “reflecting” (with one’s color), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 9.5-11, while explaining the universality of Amṛteśa]—“Amṛteśa is supreme. He is free of disease. His nature is inherent, fully enumerated, constant, eternal, and immovable. [He has] no form or color, and is the highest truth. Because of that, he is omnipresent. The splendid Deva delights in all āgamas, pervades all mantras, and grants all siddhis. In this way, he is like a transparent crystal sewn onto a colored thread, always reflected (pratibimbapratibimbeta sarvatra yena) with its color, [and] seeking [to] look like this and that. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pratibimba in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब) refers to the “reflections (of colors)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] Her feet were never bereft of cloths [dyed with] red lac thrown upon the mound of her seat [on the altar] as if they were the lives of all creatures arrived there for shelter; she resembled an inhabitant of the Underworld because of the intense darkness obstructed [only] by the flashes from axes, spears, etc., weapons deadly for beings, that seemed to hold nets of hair stuck from decapitations because of the reflections (pratibimba) of black yak-tail whisks cast [upon their surfaces]; [...]”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratibimba in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब) refers to the “reflection” (of the western path), according to verse 11.39-45 of the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, [as the Goddess addresses Ādinātha ]: “I have seen this unique miracle which inspires wonder. Thus, you have attained another birth from the belly of the fish. This, your excellent spiritual emanation, is graced with the name Matsyendra and this will be your great fame on the surface of the earth. Beloved, this is your lineage which goes by the name Pūrvāmnāya. It is like the reflection (pratibimba) of the Western path. Adorned with the six divisions Ānanda, Āvali (and the rest), it gives success”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratibimba in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब) refers to one of the various types of upamāna (comparisons) in order to explain dharmanairātmya (“non-self of dharmas”). Cf. the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XI).  According to the Pañcaviṃśati (Sanskrit text, p. 4), they are:—1) māyā, 2) marīci, 3) dakacandra, 4) svapna, 5) pratiśrutkā, 6) pratibhāsa, 7) pratibimba, 8) nirmāṇa (idem in Mahāvyutpatti, no. 854).

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब) refers to “(that which is like) a reflection in a mirror”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Lord said this to the Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja: ‘Son of good family, the morality of the Bodhisattva becomes like open space when he is endowed with the four dharmas. What are those four? To wit, ‘(1) the sameness of body (kāyasamatā) being like a a reflection in a mirror (pratibimba-upama); (2) the sameness of sound being like an echo; (3) the sameness of thought being like an illusion; (4) the sameness of consciousness being like open space. Son of good family, the morality of the Bodhisatva becomes like open space when he is endowed with the four dharmas. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Buddhist philosophy

Source: Wisdom Experience: Mind (An excerpt from Science and Philosophy)

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब) refers to the “conceptual image”.—The notion that conceptual cognitions are necessarily mistaken—even when they are epistemically reliable—reflects an overall suspicion of conceptuality that characterizes Indian Buddhism from its earliest days, but the technical account in part 1 draws especially on Dharmakīrti and other Buddhist epistemologists. For these theorists, conceptual cognitions are always mistaken in two ways. First, the object that appears phenomenally in my awareness, known as the conceptual “image” (pratibimba) of the object, is taken to be identical to the functional thing that I seek to act upon as the engaged object (pravṛttiviṣaya) of my action. In other words, the phenomenally presented object “fire” in my conceptual cognition does not have the causal properties of an actual fire—the thought of a fire cannot burn wood. Yet our cognitive system creates a fusion (ekīkaraṇa) of this phenomenal appearance with the engaged object to which the conceptual image of “fire” refers.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब) refers to “reflections”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Conditions are like reflections (pratibimba-sama), transparent, pure, indeed clear, Inconceivable and inexpressible, arising from causes and effects”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibimba in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratibimba (प्रतिबिंब).—n (S) A reflected image.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratibimba (प्रतिबिंब).—n A reflected image.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibimba in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब) or Prativimba.—n.

(-mbaḥ-mbaḥ) 1. A reflection. 2. A picture.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब).—or prativimba prativimba, n. A reflection, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 18; a reflected image, [Hitopadeśa] 68, 9; an image.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब).—[neuter] ([masculine]) reflected disk of sun or moon; image, shadow i.[grammar]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब):—[=prati-bimba] 1. prati-bimba n. (rarely m.) the disc of the sun or moon reflected (in water)

2) [v.s. ...] a reflection, reflected image, mirrored form, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra; Kāvya literature] etc. (also baka)

3) [v.s. ...] a resemblance or counterpart of real forms, a picture, image, shadow, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] (among the synonyms of ‘equal’ [Kāvyādarśa])

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the chapters of the Kāvya-prakāśādarśa, [Catalogue(s)]

6) [=prati-bimba] 2. prati-bimba [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] bati, to be reflected or mirrored, [Kapila [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratibimba (प्रतिबिम्ब) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍibiṃba.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratibimba in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibimba in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratibiṃba (प्रतिबिंब) [Also spelled pratibimb]:—(nm) reflection; image, shadow; ~[biṃbavāda] reflectionism, the philosophical doctrine which asserts that the individual is but the reflection of his Creator; ~[biṃbita] reflected.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibimba in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratibiṃba (ಪ್ರತಿಬಿಂಬ):—

1) [noun] an optical counterpart or appearance of an object, as is produced by reflection from a mirror, a shining surface, unperturbed water, etc.; an image.

2) [noun] an imitation or representation of a person or thing, drawn, painted, photographed, sculpted, etc.

3) [noun] (Dvaita phil.) the material out of which anything is made; the material cause.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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