Pancavati, Pañcavaṭī, Pancan-vati, Pamcavati: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Pancavati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchavati.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pancavati in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pañcavaṭī (पञ्चवटी).—The sacred place where Śrī Rāma built an āśrama and lived for some time with Sītā and Lakṣmaṇa during their exile in the forests. There is a story about Pañcavaṭī in the Kamba Rāmāyaṇa.

Pañcavaṭī is on the southern bank of the Godāvarī. Five Vaṭavṛkṣas (banyan trees) stand here in a circle and therefore, the place got the name Pañcavaṭī. There is a legend about these banyan trees. Once five Gandharva youths encircled the sage Agastya in the forest as a sport and prevented him from moving towards any direction. The enraged sage cursed them to stand in the same position as banyan trees. Thus by obstructing the movements of a divine man they were forced to remain without movement as trees. Before they took the form of trees they begged the sage for deliverance from the curse. Agastya said, "One day Śri Rāma with his wife and brother will come and stay in an āśrama built in your midst. Their holy presence will give you salvation from my curse."

Śrī Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa when they came to that forest decided to build an āśrama in the centre of the circle formed by the five banyan trees. Lakṣmaṇa started to build the hermitage. At first he cut down one of the trees standing tall and straight and to the surprise and astonishment of all the fallen trunk of the tree disappeared and there in its place lay the dead body of a demon youth. It was the body of Śambhukumāra, son of Śūrpaṇakhā. He was doing penance there when Śrī Rāma came there with Sītā and becoming lustful at the sight of Sītā he stood there as a tree. It was he who was cut down by Lakṣmaṇa.

Śrī Rāma understood the thing that happened. He then explained to Sītā and Lakṣmaṇa many things about the frauds and deceits of the demons. After that they built their hermitage there and dwelt there for a long time. (Araṇya Kāṇḍa, Kamba Rāmāyaṇa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Chaitanya’s life and teachings (history)

Pancavati is one of the places visited by Chaitanya during his pilgrimage in Southern India between April 1510 and January 1512.—Panchavati.—Identified with Nasik in the Bombay presidency. Nasik and Trimbak (at the source of the Godavari) are described in Bombay Gazetteer, xvi.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancavati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcavaṭī (पञ्चवटी).—

1) the five fig-trees: i. e. अश्वत्थ, बिल्व, वट, धात्री (aśvattha, bilva, vaṭa, dhātrī) and अशोक (aśoka).

2) Name of a part of the Daṇḍakā forest where the Godāvarī rises and where Rāma dwelt for a considerable time with his beloved; it is two miles from Nasik; परिहरन्तमपि मामितः पञ्चवटीस्नेहो बलादाकर्षतीव (pariharantamapi māmitaḥ pañcavaṭīsneho balādākarṣatīva) U.2.27/28; R.13.34.

Pañcavaṭī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and vaṭī (वटी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcavaṭī (पञ्चवटी):—[=pañca-vaṭī] [from pañca-vaṭa > pañca] f. the 5 fig-trees (Name applied to Aśvattha, Bilva, Vaṭa, Dhātri, and Aśoka), [Skanda-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] (also n.) Name of a part of the great southern forest where the Godāvarī rises and where the banished Rāma resided, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancavati in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcavaṭi (ಪಂಚವಟಿ):—[noun] an ornamental string made of hair, worn on the breast.

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Paṃcavaṭi (ಪಂಚವಟಿ):—[noun] (pl.) the five trees peepul (bo tree), beal (Aegle marmelos), banyan (Ficus benghalensis), Indian oak (Barringtonia acutangula), and Asoka (Jonesia asoca).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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