Pratibhasa, Pratibhāsa, Pratibhasha, Pratibhāṣā: 17 definitions


Pratibhasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pratibhāṣā can be transliterated into English as Pratibhasa or Pratibhasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratibhasa in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास) refers to a “manifestation” (of the generality consisting in causality), according to the Vṛtti on the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.163.—Accordingly, “To the [question:] ‘But how is it that in the cognition that the clay is a cause with respect to the pot, [we] apprehend the seed too as a cause?,’ [Utpaladeva] replies [with the expression] ‘that which is intrinsically linked [with the notion of cause in general].’ And this intrinsic link arises from the manifestation (pratibhāsa-samuttha) of the generality [consisting in] causality—this is what [Utpaladeva] means”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratibhasa in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास) refers to one of the various types of upamāna (comparisons) in order to explain dharmanairātmya (“non-self of dharmas”). Cf. the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XI).  According to the Pañcaviṃśati (Sanskrit text, p. 4), they are:—1) māyā, 2) marīci, 3) dakacandra, 4) svapna, 5) pratiśrutkā, 6) pratibhāsa, 7) pratibimba, 8) nirmāṇa (idem in Mahāvyutpatti, no. 854).

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास) refers to a “reflected image”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “But further, son of good family, in the perspective of the essential character of the dharma (dharmasvabhāva), the Bodhisattva may grasp an essential character, thinking: ‘I have fully understood the dharmas’. But, how then has the Tathāgata understood the dharmas? [It is like this:] [...] their nature is [like] a reflected image (pratibhāsa) because it is unchanging; their nature is [like] a reflection because it is devoid of intrinsic nature; their nature is empty because it is dependent; their nature is without distinguishing mark because it is beyond thought-constructions; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibhasa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास).—m S A reflected image or similitude. Ex. brahma kari nirābhāsa pari māyā avidyā tiyā sābhāsa mhaṇuni tēthēṃ uṭhati pratibhāsa parabrahmācē ||. 2 An idea, a mental image or representation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास).—m A reflected image or simili- tude. An idea.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibhasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratibhāṣā (प्रतिभाषा).—An answer, a reply.

--- OR ---

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास).—

1) Occurring to, or flashing across, the mind at once, (sudden) perception; वाच्यवैचित्र्यप्रतिभासा- देव (vācyavaicitryapratibhāsā- deva) K. P.1.

2) A look, appearance.

3) Illusion.

Derivable forms: pratibhāsaḥ (प्रतिभासः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास).—m. (in this sense unrecorded elsewhere; also used as in Sanskrit in mgs. appearance, Daśabhūmikasūtra 16.4, presenta- tion to the mind, Lalitavistara 397.15), reflected image: (śakrasya… devānāṃ ca) °saḥ saṃdṛśyate sma Lalitavistara 69.6 (so Tibetan, gzugs brñan; possibly however only actual, literal appear- ance, as in Sanskrit); commonly as (mere) semblance, with emphasis on unreality, (kāmaguṇāḥ)…pratibhāsasamā naṭaraṅgasamāḥ. Lalitavistara 174.6; māyā-marīci-svapnodakacan- dra-pratiśrutkā-pratibhāsa- Lalitavistara 181.21; 428.14; in similar lists Mahāvyutpatti 854; Daśabhūmikasūtra 47.14; Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 29(55).3; (parallel with chāyā, svapna, pratiśrutkā) Gaṇḍavyūha 468.21; with things of [Page367-a+ 71] no value, tṛṇa-kāṣṭha-kuḍya-(Daśabhūmikasūtra adds vartma-)-prati- bhāsopama Daśabhūmikasūtra 18.14; Śikṣāsamuccaya 201.9 (here said of the body, as also in) Śikṣāsamuccaya 272.10 and (ātma-pratibhāsavat, like an illusion, illusory image, of self) Śikṣāsamuccaya 199.6; saṃsārasāgari anantān darśayase gatīyu (gen. sg.) °sān Gaṇḍavyūha 253.13 (verse), in the ocean of saṃsāra thou displayest endless semblances of (human) fate(s); in Bodhisattvabhūmi 282.7 of toys, imitations of real things; in Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 40(66).13 of the reflection of sun and moon in water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibhāṣā (प्रतिभाषा).—f.

(-ṣā) An answer, a reply.

--- OR ---

Pratibhāsā (प्रतिभासा).—m.

(-sāḥ) 1. Occurring to the mind at once. 2. Illusion. 3. Look, appearance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास).—[prati-bhāsa], m. Reflection, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 219, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास).—[masculine] appearance, semblance, occurring to the mind, idea.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—jy. Rice. 32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratibhāṣā (प्रतिभाषा):—[=prati-bhāṣā] [from prati-bhāṣ] f. an answer, rejoinder, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास):—[=prati-bhāsa] [from prati-bhās] m. appearance, look, similitude, Vedāntas, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] appearing or occurring to the mind, [Kāvyaprakāśa; Rāmāyaṇa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) [v.s. ...] illusion, [Lalita-vistara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास):—(saḥ) 1. m. Appearance.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍihāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratibhasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratibhasa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratibhāsa (प्रतिभास) [Also spelled pratibhas]:—(nm) illusion; apparent likeness, appearance; ~[bhāsita] appeared.

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