Pancamula, Pañcamūla, Panca-mula, Pancan-mula: 5 definitions

Introduction

Pancamula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchamula.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancamula in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pañcamūla (पञ्चमूल):—The Sanskrit name for a group of plants mentioned as having medicinal properties used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara). It is thus described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter of the Sanskrit Ayurvedic work called Mādhavacikitsā. It is also mentioned in the Carakasaṃhitā.

The following five plants are mentioned as belonging to this group:

  1. Śālaparṇī (Desmodium gangeticum, or “salpan”),
  2. Pṛśniparṇī (Uraria picta, or “pointed-leaved uraria plant”),
  3. Bṛhatī (Solanum indicum, or “Indian Nightshade”),
  4. Kaṇṭakārī (Solanum xanthocarpum, or “yellow-berried nightshade”),
  5. Gokṣura (Tribulus terrestris, or “land-caltrops”)

The word Pañcamula is composed of the words Pañca (‘five’) and Mula (‘root’). Together with another set of five plants, they form the group known as the Daśamūla (‘ten roots’).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancamula in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pañcamūla (पञ्चमूल) is the name of a Gaṇa of Ambikā, who incarnated as Pañcaphuṭṭika, due to a curse by Kapilajaṭa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 52. Accordingly as Ambikā said to Jīvadatta in bodily form: “... you four [eg., Pañcamūla] once went to the sand of the Ganges to amuse yourselves, and saw there a hermit’s daughter bathing. She was called Cāpalekhā, the daughter of Kapilajaṭa. And she was solicited by all of you, distracted with love”.

The story of Pañcamūla was told by Gomukha in order to demonstrate that “divine beings fall by virtue of a curse, and, owing to the consequences of their own wickedness, are incarnate in the world of men, and after reaping the fruit appropriate to their bad conduct they again go to their own home on account of previously acquired merit”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pañcamūla, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancamula in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcamūla (पञ्चमूल).—there are nine varieties of the pentad combinations of roots; लघुपञ्चमूल, बृहत्पञ्चमूल, शतावर्यादि, तृणपञ्चमूल, जीवकादिपञ्चमूल, पुनर्नवादिपञ्चमूल, गोक्षुरादि°, वल्ली° (laghupañcamūla, bṛhatpañcamūla, śatāvaryādi, tṛṇapañcamūla, jīvakādipañcamūla, punarnavādipañcamūla, gokṣurādi°, vallī°).

Derivable forms: pañcamūlam (पञ्चमूलम्).

Pañcamūla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and mūla (मूल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcamūla (पञ्चमूल).—n.

(-laṃ) The assemblage of five roots, viz:—The Bel, Premna longifolia, Cassia, Gmelian arborea, and the Trumpet flower. f. (-lī) A similar aggregate of five roots, considered as the similar one, viz:—Hedysarum gangeticum, H. logopodioides, Solanum melongena, S. Jacquini, and Tribulus lanuginosus. E. pañca five, mūla a root; the fem. aff. has a deminutive import.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcamūla (पञ्चमूल):—[=pañca-mūla] [from pañca] m. Name of an attendant of Durgā, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] nf (ī). (also laka) a class or group of 5 roots or plants with tuberous roots (according to, [Suśruta] there are 5 classes each containing 5 medicinal plant, viz. kanīyas or alpam or kṣudrakam, mahat, vallī-saṃjñaḥ [sc. gaṇaḥ], kaṇṭaka-s, and triṇa-s id est. the smaller and the larger cl°, the creepers, the thorny plants and the 5 kinds of grass; other groups are also enumerated), [Suśruta; Bhāvaprakāśa etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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