Dashamula, Dasha-mula, Daśamūla, Dashan-mula: 8 definitions


Dashamula means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Daśamūla can be transliterated into English as Dasamula or Dashamula, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dashamula in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Daśamūla (दशमूल) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as proving beneficial in cases of Asthma and difficult respiration. It was originally composed by Suśruta in his Suśrutasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXXVIII, a classic work on Āyurveda. The name is derived from the words daśa (‘ten’) and mūla, translating to “root”. It includes the plants from the Laghupañcamūla and Bṛhatpañcamūla groups of medicinal plants. The collection of herbs named Daśamūla is but one of the thirty-seven gaṇas (‘sections’) of such groups.

The following plants are mentioned as belonging to this group (gaṇa):

  1. Śālaparṇī (Desmodium gangeticum, or “salpan”),
  2. Pṛśniparṇī (Uraria picta, or “pointed-leaved uraria plant”),
  3. Bṛhatī (Solanum indicum, or “Indian Nightshade”),
  4. Kaṇṭakārī (Solanum xanthocarpum, or “yellow-berried nightshade”),
  5. Gokṣura (Tribulus terrestris, or “land-caltrops”)
  6. Bilva (Aegle marmelos, or “Bengal quince”),
  7. Gambhārī (Gmelina beechwood, or “white teak”),
  8. Pāṭalā (Stereospermum suaveolens, or the “Trumpet flower tree”),
  9. Agnimantha (Premna serratifolia),
  10. Śyonāka (Oroxylum indicum, or the “Indian trumpet tree”).

The first five of these plants together form the group known as the Pañcamūla (‘five roots’).

According to the Mādhavacikitsā, the plants have medicinal properties used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Daśamūla (दशमूल).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—Bilva, Pāṭalā, Gambhārī, Śyonāka and Agnimantha (Bṛhat pañcamūla) along with Śālaparṇī, Pṛśniparṇī, Bṛhatī, Kaṇṭakārī and Gokṣura (Laghu Pañcamūla) compose the well-known group Daśamūla (the ten roots). Daśamūla is generally useful in tridoṣa and particularly in vāta. It alleviates fever, oedema, vātika disorders and debility.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

The two preceding groups (Mahat-panchamula and Svalpa-panchamula) in combination form the one technically known as the Dasha-Mulam (the ten roots), which is possessed of the virtue of destroying the deranged Vāta, Pittam and Kapham. It proves beneficial in cases of asthma and difficult respiration. It acts as a good digestant in respect of undigested lymph chyle, etc and is used with satisfactory results in all types of fever.

Source: PMC: Botanical identity of plant sources of Daśamūla drugs

Daśamūla literally means ‘ten-roots’. The 10 plant drugs of Daśamūla are grouped as Bṛhatpañcamūla (roots of five tree species) and Laghupañcamūla (roots of five shrubs or herbs).

The Bṛhatpañcamūla are

  1. Bilva,
  2. Agnimantha,
  3. Śyonāka,
  4. Pāṭalā,
  5. and Gaṃbhārī

while Laghupañcamūla include

  1. Pṛṣṇiparṇī,
  2. Śālaparṇī,
  3. Bṛhatī,
  4. Kaṇṭakāri,
  5. and Gokṣura.

Caraka has mentioned the components of Daśamūla under the śvayathuhara-gạna i.e. the group of 10 drugs that combat oedema and uses the word Mahat Pañcamūla and Daśamūla in several contexts. Suśruta gives a classification as Bṛhatpañcamūla and Laghupañcamūla in the classification of drugs. The Ayurvedic texts have mentioned that Daśamūla plant drugs mainly pacify vāta-dośa.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of dashamula or dasamula in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dashamula in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

daśamūla (दशमूल).—n (S) A medicament prepared from the roots of ten plants.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dashamula in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daśamūla (दशमूल).—a tonic medicine prepared from the roots of ten plants; (Mar. sālavaṇa, piṭavaṇa (pṛṣṭiparṇī), रिंगणी, डोरली, गोखरूं, बेल, ऐरण, टेंटू, पहाडमूळ, शिवण (riṃgaṇī, ḍoralī, gokharūṃ, bela, airaṇa, ṭeṃṭū, pahāḍamūḷa, śivaṇa)).

Derivable forms: daśamūlam (दशमूलम्).

Daśamūla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms daśan and mūla (मूल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśamūla (दशमूल).—n.

(-laṃ) A tonic medicament prepared from the roots of ten plants. E. daśa ten, and mūla a root.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśamūla (दशमूल):—[=daśa-mūla] [from daśa] n. a tonic medicine prepared from 10 roots (trikaṇṭaka, both kinds of bṛhatī pṛthak-parṇī, vidāri-ganadhā, bilva, agni-mantha, tuṇṭuka, pāṭala and kāśmarī), 38; iv, 37

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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