Nirghata, aka: Nirghāta, Nirghaṭa, Nir-ghata; 3 Definition(s)


Nirghata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Nirghata in Jyotisha glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nirghāta (निर्घात) refers to the “natural destructions” and is the name of the fifty-fourth chapter of the Gārgīyajyotiṣa. It is similar to the 39th chapter of Vārahamihira’s work known as the Bṛhatsaṃhitā. The Gārgīyajyotiṣa is one of the most comprehensive of Garga’s texts and written in the form of a dialogue between Krauṣṭuki (Ṛṣiputra) and Garga discussing astral and other omens, comprising a total of sixty-two chapters (viz., nirghāta), known as aṅgas and summarized in the Aṅgasamuddiśa (“enumeration of the divisions”, introductory portion).

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Nirghata in Katha glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nirghāta (निर्घात) is the name of a king whose strength is considered as equaling a half-power warrior (ardharatha), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... [Nirghāta, and others], are considered half-power warriors”.

The story of Nirghāta was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Nirghāta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirghata in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nirghāta (निर्घात).—

1) Destruction.

2) A whirlwind, a violent gust of wind, hurricane.

3) The noise of contending winds (vapours ?) &c. in the sky; कुरुकुलनिधनोत्पातनिर्घात वातः (kurukulanidhanotpātanirghāta vātaḥ) Ve.1.22; निर्घातोग्रैः कुञ्जलीनाञ् जिघांसुर्ज्यानिर्घोषैः क्षोभया- मास सिंहान् (nirghātograiḥ kuñjalīnāñ jighāṃsurjyānirghoṣaiḥ kṣobhayā- māsa siṃhān) R.9.64; Ms.1.38;4.15,7; Y.1.145; (vāyunā nihato vāyurgaganācca patatyadhaḥ | pracaṇḍaghoranirghoṣo nirghāta iti kathyate ||.)

4) An earth-quake.

5) A thunderstroke; निर्घातश्च महानासीत् साकं च स्तनयित्नुभिः (nirghātaśca mahānāsīt sākaṃ ca stanayitnubhiḥ) Bhāg.1.14.15.

6) A stroke in general; अहह दारुणो दैवनिर्घातः (ahaha dāruṇo daivanirghātaḥ) U.2.

7) An unusual event boding calamity (utpāta); तस्मिन्मुहूर्ते संप्राप्ते निर्घाताश्चापतन्मुहुः (tasminmuhūrte saṃprāpte nirghātāścāpatanmuhuḥ) Mb.3.4.23; Ms.1.38; Bhāg.3.17.8.

Derivable forms: nirghātaḥ (निर्घातः).

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Nirghaṭa (निर्घट).—

1) a free market.

2) a crowded market.

Derivable forms: nirghaṭam (निर्घटम्).

Nirghaṭa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and ghaṭa (घट).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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