Nirdishta, Nirdiṣṭa: 17 definitions


Nirdishta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nirdiṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Nirdista or Nirdishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Nirdisht.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट).—Exhibited, enunciated; cf. तस्मिन्निति निर्दिष्टे पूर्वस्य (tasminniti nirdiṣṭe pūrvasya) P.I.1.66; V.Pr.I. 134.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Nirdishta in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट) refers to a “given” (i.e., prescribed), mentioned in verse 4.23 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] all possible diseases are caused by provocation and suppression of the natural urges. A cure (has been) given [viz. nirdiṣṭa] (only) for those which (occur) most frequently among them”.

Note: Nirdiṣṭa (“given”) has been transferred to the end of the stanza on grounds of syntax.—Tatra has been connected with nirdiṣṭa instead of bhūyiṣṭha and reproduced by ’dir, which rather corresponds to atra, a slight irregularity necessitated by the change in relation.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirdishta in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट) means “that which is taught”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Liberation [i.e., mokṣa] is the plane beyond (the differentiated) energies (kalātīta-pada). One should contemplate it constantly at the end of power (śaktyanta, that is, the Transmental). (The reality) beyond being (bhāvātīta) is incomparable. It is the great ocean within the End of the Twelve. It is taught [i.e., nirdiṣṭa] to be the Western Tradition, the House that is said to be the City of the Moon (Candrapura). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Nirdishta in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट) refers to “that which is described” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 13), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “I shall now expound about the movements of the Seven Ṛṣis (saptarṣi), [...] If Aṅgiras should be affected as described above [i.e., nirdiṣṭa], men of knowledge, men of actual intellect and Brāhmaṇas will be afflicted; if Atri should be so affected, the products of the forests and of water, seas and rivers will suffer. Along with Pulastya will suffer the Rākṣasas, the Piśācas, the Asuras, the Daityas and the Nāgas. Along with Pulaha will suffer roots and fruits; and along with Kratu will suffer sacrificial rites and persons performing them”.

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट) means “specified”, according to Bhāskara’s commentary on the Āryabhaṭīya.—Accordingly, “'[...] ‘It is only a rough method (sthūlaḥ kalpaḥ) to say that the one-sixtieth part of the water that has been discharged in the course of a nychthemeron is the measure of one ghaṭikā. The more accurate method is to measure the ghaṭikā by marking the shadow of one ghaṭikā, cast by a gnomon of specified shape [i.e., nirdiṣṭa-ākāra] that has been set up on a level ground. The perforation in [the bowl of] the ghaṭikā-yantra should be made skilfully according to the period measured by the shadow.’ [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirdishta in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट) refers to “(that which was) foretold (in a treatise)”, according to Utpaladeva’s Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikāvṛtti (on the Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā verse 4.16).—Accordingly, “This new, direct path was foretold (nirdiṣṭa) in the treatise entitled the Śivadṛṣṭi by the venerable Somānanda, whose very appearance is that of the great lord Parameśvara in front of one’s eyes; I have made it [i.e., this path] enter the heart(s) (of men) by furnishing a logical justification for it. By pursuing this [path] one becomes liberated in this very life, this as a result of being (fully) penetrated by Śiva-nature”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट) refers to the “forementioned” (i.e., that which was described [before]), according to the purification (śodhana) of the Pañcagavya (five cow products) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “[...] Oṃ purified with conch-water Hūṃ. [Give water to patrons.] Cow urine, cow dung, milk, curd, ghee, holy grass, (and) water, The forementioned (nirdiṣṭa [nirdiṣṭha?]) Pañcagavya and holy grass purifies the body. Oṃ purified with conch-water Hūṃ. [Give water again]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Nirdishta in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Nirdishta in India is the name of a plant defined with Berberis asiatica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Berberis asiatica Roxb. ex DC. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. (1840)
· Taxon (1975)
· Systema Naturae (1821)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1984)
· Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (2010)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Nirdishta, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirdishta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट).—p (S) Described, depicted, indicated, pointed out. 2 Ordered, directed, enjoined.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट).—p Described, pointed out. Order ed, directed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirdishta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट).—p. p.

1) Pointed out, shown, indicated.

2) Specified, particularized.

3) Described.

4) Assigned, allotted.

5) Asserted, declared.

6) Ascertained, determined.

7) Ordered.

8) Learned, wise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Described, depicted, pointed out, shown. 2. Ascertained, determined. 3. Ordered, directed. 4. Assigned. 5. Asserted. E. nir before diśa to show, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट):—[=nir-diṣṭa] [from nir-diś] mfn. pointed out, shown, indicated, declared, announced, foretold, enjoined, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] ordered, meant or determined for, appointed to ([dative case]), [Varāha-mihira]

3) [v.s. ...] learned, wise (= paṇḍita), [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट):—[nir-diṣṭa] (ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a. Described, shewn; ordered; assigned.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇiddiṭṭha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirdishta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nirdiṣṭa (निर्दिष्ट) [Also spelled nirdisht]:—(a) specified, explicit, expressed; directed; referred (to), pointed out, mentioned, alluded; hence ~[ṣṭatā] (nf); ~[ṣṭi] specification.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirdishta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirdiṣṭa (ನಿರ್ದಿಷ್ಟ):—

1) [adjective] pointed (at); directed.

2) [adjective] decided; determined.

3) [adjective] explained; made clear; interpreted.

--- OR ---

Nirdiṣṭa (ನಿರ್ದಿಷ್ಟ):—[noun] an ostensible reason; an excuse offered; a pretext.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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