Nirghrina, Nirghṛṇa, Nir-ghrina, Nirghṛṇā: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Nirghrina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Nirghṛṇa and Nirghṛṇā can be transliterated into English as Nirghrna or Nirghrina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirghrina in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण) refers to “one who is free of aversion”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The teacher (ācārya) in the western house is one who belongs to the sequence of the line (of teachers). (He is) a yogi who, intent on Yoga, observes the Rule. Free of duality and thought constructs, he is intent on the practice of ritual union. He eats what he has begged and, free of aversion [i.e., nirghṛṇa], he is pure and intent on the practice of chastity. Established in Bhairavī’s vow, he is born from the womb of a Yoginī. He wears an antelope’s hide and white clothes. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nirghrina in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण) refers to a “ruthless (Brahmin)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.35 (“The story of Padmā and Pippalāda”).—Accordingly, as Dharma (in the guise of a king) said to Padmā (wife of sage Pippalāda): “O beautiful woman, you are Lakṣmī herself; you are charming, you are worthy of a king; you are in the very prime of youth; you will be ever young; you are a lovely sweet lady. I am telling you the truth, O slender-limbed lady. You lack lustre and colour in the presence of the sage Pippalāda who is old and weak. Cast off that ruthless (nirghṛṇa) old Brahmin always engaged in penances. Look up to me a great king, heroic in sexual dalliance and agitated by Kāma. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nirghrina in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण) refers to “shameless”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Being frightened by the deceit of the breath, the living embryo of men that is taken hold of by the fanged enemy that is destruction goes out like a young doe in the forest. O shameless one (nirghṛṇa), if you are not able to protect this wretched [embryo] which is obtained gradually [by death] then you are not ashamed to delight in pleasures in this life”.

Synonyms: Nirlajja.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirghrina in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण).—a S Pitiless or uncompassionate.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण).—a Pitiless, uncompassionate.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirghrina in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण).—a.

1) cruel, merciless, pitiless.

2) shameless, immodest.

Nirghṛṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and ghṛṇa (घृण).

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Nirghṛṇā (निर्घृणा).—cruelty.

Nirghṛṇā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and ghṛṇā (घृणा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Cruel, unmerciful. 2. Shameless, immodest. E. nir neg. ghṛṇā mercy, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirghṛṇā (निर्घृणा).—adj., f. ṇā, cruel, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 32, 20.

Nirghṛṇā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and ghṛṇā (घृणा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण).—[adjective] unmerciful, cruel, hard-hearted, [neuter] [adverb]; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण):—[=nir-ghṛṇa] [from nir > niḥ] mf(ā)n. unmerciful, cruel, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] shameless, immodest, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Nirghṛṇā (निर्घृणा):—[=nir-ghṛṇā] [from nir-ghṛṇa > nir > niḥ] f. (in sa-nir-ghṛṇa) pitilessness, cruelty.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण):—[nir-ghṛṇa] (ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a. Cruel; shameless.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirghṛṇa (निर्घृण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇigghiṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirghrina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirghrina in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirghṛṇa (ನಿರ್ಘೃಣ):—[adjective] causing or of a kind to cause, severe pain, great distress, etc.

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Nirghṛṇa (ನಿರ್ಘೃಣ):—[noun] a cruel, merciless man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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