Nilaya: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Nilaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Nilaya (निलय) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12, the Mānasāra XIX.108-12 and the Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra XVIII.8-9, all populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nilaya (निलय) refers to “abode”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(The sacred seat) Oṃkāra is in the centre. It is white and is the supreme energy. Oḍikā, (the goddess who resides here) is the mother Carcikā (of this seat). [...] The gesture is Kārālyā and it sustains the Krama that is supreme (transcendent) and inferior (immanent) and the Samayā Raudra. The current is that of the Aged, the mother is Maṅgalā who removes the impurity of the Age of Strife. (This), the First Seat, is Śivahood. (This) is the sacred seat of the Rudra called Ucchuṣma. It is endowed with the most excellent Vaṭuka and the guardian of the field is called Vara. I praise the first sacred seat, the abode of many qualities [i.e., bahuguṇa-nilaya], divided into sixteen divisions”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Nilaya (निलय) refers to the “abode (of splendour)”, according to the according to the Amaraughaprabodha (6): a short 13th century treatise on Yoga attributed to Gorakṣanātha which teaches the fourfold system of yoga (Mantra, Laya, Haṭha and Rāja).—Accordingly, “That which causes the gains of the six acts [of magic] does not manifest through Mantra; the mind does not become immersed in the [space between] the eyebrows, [the tip of] the nose and so on, by some method †[like an insect]†; and the Yogins’ breath does not go into the base [of the spine] because of various practices, without the respected Rājayoga, which is an abode of splendour (prabhāva-nilaya) full of eternal bliss”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Nilaya (निलय) refers to the “abode (of strong essence)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “The letter E shape, abode of strong essence (sāraśukra-nilaya), the womb space of the lotus, Therein the midst, a secret Vaṃ, a beautiful bowl, the origin of all one’s self, An abode of perfectly pure awakened omniscience, beautiful divine power, And I, innately pure, praise the highest pleasure, the innate heroic couple”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nilaya (निलय) refers to the “abode (of the highest bliss)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The one who is doing good actions, whose conduct is pure, is engaged in external asceticism to such an extent and then there is the highest meditation which is abstaining from anything perceptible by the senses [and] resting in the self. He destroys the mass of karmas accumulated for a very long time which is sticking within then he is immersed in the ocean of knowledge which is the abode of the highest bliss (paramānanda-nilaya). [Thus ends the reflection on] wearing away karma”.

Synonyms: Āspada, Mandira, Geha, Gṛha, Sthāna.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nilaya.—(EI 9), cf. grāma-nilaya-nāḍa-sarva-bādhā-parihāreṇa; probably a territorial unit like a Parganā; the inhabited area of a district. Note: nilaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nilaya : (m.) home; lair; habitation; dwelling place.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nilaya, (fr. ni+) a dwelling, habitation, lair, nest J. III, 454. (Page 371)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nilaya (निलय).—

1) A hiding place, the lair or den of animals, a nest (of birds); निलयाय शाखिन इवाह्वयते (nilayāya śākhina ivāhvayate) Śiśupālavadha 9.4.

2) A cellar; अम्बराख्याननिलयौ कण्ठदध्नं समन्ततः (ambarākhyānanilayau kaṇṭhadadhnaṃ samantataḥ) Parṇāl. (Two cellars known as Ambarakhānā.)

3) An abode, residence, house, dwelling; oft. at the end of comp. in the sense of 'living or residing in'; नित्यं निर्मूलयेयुर्निचिततरममी भक्तिनिघ्नात्मनां नः पद्माक्षस्याङ्घ्रिपद्मद्वयतलनिलयाः पां (nityaṃ nirmūlayeyurnicitataramamī bhaktinighnātmanāṃ naḥ padmākṣasyāṅghripadmadvayatalanilayāḥ pāṃ)सवः पापपङ्कम् ॥ --विष्णुपादाति स्तोत्रम् (savaḥ pāpapaṅkam || --viṣṇupādāti stotram) 1.

4) Hiding oneself; तस्मान्निलय- मुत्सृज्य यूयं सर्वे त्रिविष्टपम् । यात कालं प्रतीक्षन्तो यतः शत्रोर्विपर्ययः (tasmānnilaya- mutsṛjya yūyaṃ sarve triviṣṭapam | yāta kālaṃ pratīkṣanto yataḥ śatrorviparyayaḥ) || Bhāgavata 8.15.31.

5) Total destruction.

6) Setting, disappearance; दिनान्ते निलयाय गन्तुम् (dinānte nilayāya gantum) R.2.15. (where the word is used in sense I also).

Derivable forms: nilayaḥ (निलयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nilaya (निलय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. A house, a habitation. 2. Abiding place, a den of animals. E. ni in, to embrace, affix ādhāre ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nilaya (निलय).—i. e. ni-lī + a, m. A dwelling-place, a nest, a house, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 46, 3; 25, 45.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nilaya (निलय).—[masculine] settling down, rest, repose; hiding-place, dwelling, abode, receptacle; [adjective] —° living or staying in.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nilaya (निलय):—[=ni-laya] a etc. See ni-lī.

2) [=ni-laya] [from ni-lī] b m. rest, resting-place (cf. a-nil)

3) [v.s. ...] hidingor dwelling-place, den, lair, nest

4) [v.s. ...] house, residence, abode (often ifc. [f(ā). ] = living in, inhabiting, inhabited by), [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) Nilāya (निलाय):—[=ni-lāya] [from ni-lī] m. place of refuge, [Atharva-veda iv, 16, 2.]

6) Nīlāya (नीलाय):—[from nīl] [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] [Ātmanepada] yati and te, to begin to become blue or dark-coloured, [Kādambarī] (cf. [Pāṇini 3-1, 13]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nilaya (निलय):—[ni-laya] (yaḥ) 1. m. A house.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nilaya (निलय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇilaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nilaya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nilaya (निलय) [Also spelled nilay]:—(nm) abode, habitat; dwelling (place), nacelle.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ṇilaya (णिलय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nilaya.

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Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nilaya (ನಿಲಯ):—

1) [noun] a building to live; a place where a person normally lives in; a house.

2) [noun] any of the eleven stages one has to go through to achieve the highest knowledge in Jainism.

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Niḷaya (ನಿಳಯ):—

1) [noun] a building to live; a place where a person normally lives in; a house.

2) [noun] any of the eleven stages one has to go through to achieve the highest knowledge in Jainism.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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